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Large Lakes Observatory
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Home People Robert Sterner
Robert W. Sterner

Professor and Director

Large Lakes Observatory
University of Minnesota Duluth
2205 E. 5th St.,
Research Laboratory Building 206
Duluth, MN 55812

Tel. (218) 726-7926

Fax: (218) 726-6979

email: stern007 at

Lab web site:


  • Examination of basic limnological and ecological processes in freshwater seas.
  • Linkages of multiple element cycles at different observational scales


University of Minnesota, Ph.D.
University of Illinois Champaign-Urbana, B.S. Biology


  • TBD


Small, G. E., J. B. Cotner, J. C. Finlay, R. A. Stark, and R. W. Sterner. 2014. Nitrogen transformations at the sediment-water interface across redox gradients in the Laurentian Great Lakes. Hydrobiologia 731:95-108.

Small, G. E., R. W. Sterner, and J. C. Finlay. 2014. An ecological network analysis of nitrogen cycling in the Laurentian Great Lakes. Ecological Modeling In press.

Finlay, J. C., G. E. Small, and R. W. Sterner. 2013. Human influences on ecosystem nitrogen removal in lakes. Science 342:247-250.

Hessen, D. O., J. J. Elser, R. W. Sterner, and J. Urabe. 2013. Ecological Stoichiometry - An elementary approach using basic principles. Limnology and Oceanography 558:2219-2236.

Small, G. E., G. S. Bullerjahn, R. W. Sterner, B. F. N. Beall, S. Brovold, J. C. Finlay, R. M. L. McKay, and M. Mukherjee. 2013. Rates and controls of nitrification in a large oligotrophic lake. Limnology and Oceanography 58:276-286.

Sterner, R. W. 2012. Raymond Laurel Lindeman and the Trophic Dynamic Viewpoint. Limnology and Oceanography Bulletin 21:38-51.

Wang, H., R. W. Sterner, and J. J. Elser. 2012. On the "strict homeostasis" assumption in ecological stoichiometry. Ecological Modeling 243:81-88.

Jeyasingh, P. D., A. Ragavendran, S. Paland, J. A. Lopez, R. W. Sterner, and J. K. Colbourne. 2011. How do consumers deal with stoichiometric constraints? Lessons from functional genomics using Daphnia pulex. Molecular Ecology 20:2341-2352.

Sterner, R. W. 2011. C:N:P stoichiometry in Lake Superior: Freshwater sea as end member. Inland Waters 1:29-46.

Hood, J. M. and R. W. Sterner. 2010. Diet mixing: Do animals integrate growth or resources across temporal heterogeneity? The American Naturalist 176:651-663.

Sterner, R. W. 2010. In situ-measured primary production in Lake Superior. Journal of Great Lakes Research 36:139-149.

Yokota, K. and R. W. Sterner. 2010. Tradeoffs limiting the evolution of coloniality: Ecological displacement rates used to measure small costs. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 278:458-463.

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Last modified on 08/18/15 11:06 AM
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