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  • ADAMS, ROBERT M. Stock Certificates, 1913-1937. 4 items.
    Stock certificates from the Buffalo Land and Exploration,
    Cuyuna Range Townsite, Minong Range Copper, Red Warrior
    Mining, and Salisbury Mining companies in Minnesota and
    Wisconsin. S3645.
    SUBJECTS: Adams, Robert M. Business Interests;

  • AFTENRO SOCIETY, DULUTH. Records, ca. 1910-1976. 2.5 ft.
    Minutes, correspondence, administrative files, financial
    records, historical essays, photographs, and a scrapbook.
    Also included are matron's logs, which are daily journals of
    the society's activities. The Aftenro Society was organized
    in 1908, by a group of Norwegian women. It operates a home
    for the aged. S2254.
    SUBJECTS: Aftenro Society; Aged; Housing;

  • AITKIN COUNTY MAPS. ca. 1955. 2 maps.
    Maps prepared for the Aitkin County Planning Advisory
    Commission indicating historic sites. S2230.
    SUBJECTS: Aitkin County: Maps;Aitkin County Planning Advisory
    Commission, maps;

  • ALEXANDER, EDWARD PORTER (1864-1939). Papers, 1890-1921. 3
    in.
    General correspondence, contracts, agreements and deeds, and
    tax statements of this Duluth realtor who established the
    Alexander Investment Company in Duluth. S3098.
    SUBJECTS: Alexander, Edward Porter, realtor;

  • ALGER SMITH & CO. Payroll Checks, 1910. 12 items.
    Twelve cancelled payroll checks of a Duluth based lumber
    company. S2280.
    SUBJECTS: Alger Smith and Co., Duluth, lumber;

  • ALWORTH, MARSHALL HENRY. (1846-1931). Papers, ca. 1929. 0.25
    in.
    Photographs and descriptions of the Alworth's yachts. He
    came to Duluth as an explorer and estimator of timber and
    invested in several local industries. Duluth's Alworth
    Building was named for him in 1910. S3635.
    SUBJECTS: Alworth, Marshall Henry, lumberman; Alworth Building,
    Duluth, name; Boats and boating; yachts;

  • AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF UNIVERSITY WOMEN, DULUTH. Records,
    1908-1984. 6.25 ft.
    Annual reports, minutes, legal and financial records,
    committee materials, publications, photographs and eight
    scrapbooks. Also included is an incomplete set of the
    organization's bulletins and annual membership booklets.
    S3003.
    SUBJECTS: American Assn. of University Women, activities; AAUW;

  • AMERICAN HISTORICAL ENDOWMENT FUND, MINNESOTA COMMITTEE. Records, 1926. 0.25 in.
    The American Historical Association was founded in 1884 for
    the "promotion of American History and history in America".
    In 1926 it sought to raise a one million dollar endowment
    fund for historical research. Minnesota was charged to
    contribute $20,000. Solon J. Buck, executive secretary of
    the Minnesota Committee, enlisted William E. Culkin of
    Duluth in this effort. Included are promotional materials,
    pamphlets, correspondence and lists from the Minnesota
    Committee of the A.H.A. Endowment. S3643.
    SUBJECTS: American Historical Endowment Fund, fund raising;

  • AMERICAN INSTITUTE OF MINING, METALLURGICAL AND PETROLEUM ENGINEERS, MINNESOTA SECTION. Records, 1948-1979. 12.5 ft.
    Correspondence, board minutes, bylaws, committee reports,
    and annual volumes compiled by the Archives Committee which
    contain correspondence, minutes, printed material and
    reports, membership lists and a film strip. S2306.
    SUBJECTS: American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical and Petroleum
    Engineers, activities; Engineers: organizations;
    Films: for engineers;

  • AMERICAN LAND AND TIMBER CO., DULUTH. Records, 1911-1929.
    3 in.
    Articles of incorporation, board minutes, an account ledger,
    two cashbooks, a tract book of the land owned, two maps of
    the area, and stock certificates. The company also held
    land in Gales Creek Valley, Washington County, Oregon. S3075.
    SUBJECTS: American Land and Timber Co., Duluth;

  • AMERICAN LEGION AUXILIARY, UNIT #517, 125th FIELD ARTILLERY. Records, 1920-1967.
    1.75 ft.
    Unit constitution, newsletters, applications for membership,
    citations, unit history, minutes, newspaper clippings, blue
    books, financial records, correspondence, manual of
    ceremonies, annual reports, poppy booklet, unit plays,
    historical pageant poster, two early photographs of the
    bugle corp, and membership records. This organization is
    made up of the wives, sisters, and daughters of any man in
    the service of this country. S2383.
    SUBJECTS: American Legion Auxiliary, Unit #517, 125th Field Artillery, activities;

  • AMERICAN LEGION, VOITURE 919, LA SOCIETE DES 40 HOMMES ET 8
    CHEVAUX, DULUTH.
    Records, 1945-1946, 1952-1953. 5.25 in.
    This chapter of the American Legion was responsible for
    charitable activities in Duluth. Scrapbook of clippings,
    photographs, flag, memorabilia, minutes, bulletins, and
    assorted activity reports. S3102.
    SUBJECTS: American Legion, Voiture 919, La Societe Des 40 Hommes Et
    8 Chevaux;

  • AMERICAN RED CROSS, NORTHLAND CHAPTER. Records, 1915-1963.
    1.5 ft.
    Correspondence, reference materials, newsclippings,
    photographs, and Red Cross publications. Related material
    may be found in collection S3005, Minnesota War Records
    Commission, St.
    Louis County Branch. S3006.
    SUBJECTS: American Red Cross: chapter;

  • AMERICAN-SCANDINAVIAN FOUNDATION: DULUTH-SUPERIOR CHAPTER.
    Records, 1977-1983. 3 in.
    Minutes, program announcements, news releases, news
    clippings, membership lists, bylaws and constitution.
    S3773.
    SUBJECTS: American-Scandinavian Foundation, chapter;

  • AMES, WARD, PHOTOGRAPHS OF HOME. 28 items.
    Photographs of the exterior and interior of Ward Ames's home
    at 1618 Vermilion Road in Duluth. S2277.
    SUBJECTS: Ames, Ward, house; Architecture: photographs;

  • ANCIENT FREE AND ACCEPTED MASONS OF MINNESOTA, DULUTH.
    Records, 1890-1892, 1932. 6 items.
    Bylaws of the Palestine Lodge, officers and membership list
    and a 1932 poster of the charter members of the Ionic Lodge,
    and officers and membership list of the Euclid Lodge.
    S3071.
    SUBJECTS: Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, lodges;

  • ARCHITECTURAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE. Records, 1965-1973. 1
    in.
    Minutes, correspondence, memoranda, copies of the standards
    used, and a list of committee members. This committee to
    the Duluth Housing and Redevelopment Authority was
    established for the development of the Gateway Renewal
    Project of Duluth. S3781.
    SUBJECTS: Architectural Advisory Committee, Duluth; Cities:
    urban renewal; Duluth Housing and Redevelopment
    Authority, committee;

  • ARCHITECTURAL RECORDS. Records, 1886-. 60 ft.
    Architect's drawings and specifications for 265 buildings in
    northeast Minnesota. A worksheet for each structure
    indicates the name of the structure, owner's name,
    architect's name, and the location or address of the
    building. S3175.
    SUBJECTS: Architecture: drawings;

  • ARROWHEAD ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY AGENCY. Records, 1972-1974.
    0.5 in.
    Application for "Project Home" and related correspondence.
    This was a grant submitted to the U.S. Office of Economic
    Opportunity by the Arrowhead Economic Opportunity Agency,
    Inc., of Virginia, Minnesota. S2332.
    SUBJECTS: Arrowhead Economic Opportunity Agency, Inc., Virginia;
    Cities: urban renewal;

  • ARROWHEAD ELECTRIC COOPERATIVE, LUTSEN, MN. Records, 1964-1969. 1 in.
    Annual reports and the newsletter, Hy-Line By-Line. S3077.
    SUBJECTS: Arrowhead Electric Cooperative, Lutsen; Cooperatives:
    electric; Electricity, cooperatives;

  • ARROWHEAD POETRY SOCIETY. Records, 1960-1980. 1.25 ft.
    Published poems and biographical information by and about
    the members of this organization. All of the poems are
    clipped from printed sources or contained in booklets where
    originally printed. S2446.
    SUBJECTS: Arrowhead Poetry Society, poems;

  • ARROWHEAD REGIONAL ARTS COUNCIL. Records, 1978-1986. 1.25
    ft.
    Minutes, annual reports, press releases giving results of
    all grants recommended for funding, newsletters, guidelines
    and development materials for Council as a grants agency,
    grant applications, brochures, and one videotaped meeting
    held in Cloquet. S3772.
    SUBJECTS: Arrowhead Regional Arts Council, grants activity; Art
    and Artists: organizations;

  • ARROWHEAD SERVICEMEN'S LAST MAN'S CLUB. Records, 1917-1982.
    0.5 ft.
    This group of World War I veterans of the Arrowhead country
    who served as a group with the 62nd and 67th Coast Artillery
    Corps in France, gathered annually to renew acquaintances.
    The records consist of the history and activity of the
    corps, biographical information, clippings, photographs,
    annual meeting notices and bulletins, and obituaries.
    S2460.
    SUBJECTS: Arrowhead Servicesmen's Last Man's Club;

  • ARROWHEAD SYSTEM COUNCIL OF LIBRARY DIRECTORS. Records,
    1978-1980. 1.5 in.
    Bylaws, minutes, budget requests, monthly reports and
    memoranda. This advisory board of the Arrowhead Library
    System of Virginia, Minnesota provides services to 7
    northern Minnesota counties. S2345.
    SUBJECTS: Arrowhead System Council of Library Directors;

  • ASSOCIATION FOR RETARDED CITIZENS, DULUTH. Records, 1951-
    1979. 11.25 ft.
    Charter, board minutes, bylaws, administrative records,
    correspondence, financial statements, and newsletters of
    this organization concerned with the general well-being of
    retarded citizens. S2398.
    SUBJECTS: Association for Retarded Citizens, Duluth;

  • AYRES, LYONEL (1858-1939). Papers, 1888-1922. 2 items.
    One letter written to Ayres's brother and a 1922 certificate
    from the Minnesota State Board of Architects and Engineers
    concerning the strike activities in Duluth during the year
    1888, 1922. S3184.
    SUBJECTS: Ayres, Lyonel, letter;

    BACK TO TOP

  • BAILEY, W.T. LUMBER COMPANY, VIRGINIA. Records, 1889-1964.
    40 ft.
    William Thomas Bailey (1842-1914) came to Duluth in 1883,
    eventually becoming one of the largest lumbermen in
    Northeast Minnesota with a complete organization of mills
    and facilities for production from the stump to final
    market. Bailey`s efforts in the retail lumber industry
    ended in 1951. The bulk of the collection dates from 1930.
    Correspondence, contracts, land deeds and abstracts, legal
    and financial records, income and real estate tax records,
    and financial ledgers. The collection documents the daily
    operations of the company, though executive records are
    missing. S3010.
    SUBJECTS: Bailey, William Thomas, lumberman;

  • BAKER, IDA I. School Record Book, 1882-1883. 1 item.
    A record book for Baker's class in the "West Third Street
    School" in Duluth, which lists students' names and their
    attendance. S3644.
    SUBJECTS: Baker, Ida I., teacher; Education: schools;

  • BALDWIN FLATS PHOTOGRAPHS. Photographs, ca. 1899. 13
    items.
    The prints, showing the exterior of the building and two
    apartments within, were copied from a photograph album on
    loan. Built in 1891, the building is located at 711-715
    West Second Street, Duluth. S3756.
    SUBJECTS: Architecture: photographs; Baldwin Flats, Duluth,
    photographs; Duluth: buildings;

  • BARAGA, REVEREND FREDERICK (1797-1868). Papers, 1835-1860.
    0.5 ft.
    Divided into sections, sections one and two contain
    correspondence from, and pertaining to, Reverend Baraga.
    Section three contains Baraga's personal diary, about 80% of
    which is written in German. Baraga is well known for his
    study of the Ojibwe language and for building the first
    Roman Catholic Mission at La Pointe, Wisconsin in 1835.
    S2360.
    SUBJECTS: Baraga, Rev. Frederick, priest;

  • BARDON, JAMES (1844-1920). Papers, 1867-1870. 2 items.
    Receipts signed by Bardon to James Starkey and Peter J.
    Peterson of Fond du Lac, Minnesota, for lands in Wisconsin.
    Bardon was one of the early settlers of Superior, Wisconsin,
    arriving in 1854. S3654.
    SUBJECTS: Bardon, James, settler;

  • BARDON, RICHARD. Papers, 1860-1871. 15 items.
    Photocopies and typescript. Five photocopied letters (one
    from Rev. Baraga, 1860) and an "Alphabetical Rhyme on Names
    of Early Names." Bardon came to the United States in 1840
    and moved from Maysville, Kentucky, to Superior, Wisconsin
    in 1857 and taught school in Grand Portage, Minnesota. He
    was Douglas County, Wisconsin, judge at the time of his
    death. He was the father of James and John Alexander
    Bardon. S3182.
    SUBJECTS: Baraga, Rev. Frederick, priest; Bardon, Richard
    (grandfather), judge; Education: schools;

  • BARDON, RICHARD (1897-1968). Papers, 1926-1968. 2 in.
    Correspondence, Minnesota Centennial reference material, a
    catalog of Bardon's gun collection, newsclippings, and
    photographs of this prominent Duluth physician who served as
    the chief of staff at St. Mary's and Miller Memorial
    Hospitals, and president of the St. Louis County Historical
    Society for 17 years. He was the grandson of Richard
    Bardon, and son of John A. Bardon. S3095.
    SUBJECTS: Bardon, Dr. Richard (grandson); Catalogs: firearms;
    Firearms, catalog;

  • BARNES, JULIUS HOWLAND (1873-1959). Papers, 1877-1959. 13
    ft.
    Correspondence, financial materials, articles, pamphlets,
    photographs, newsclippings, sketchbooks, a tape recording
    and miscellaneous reference materials.
    Barnes was a Duluth industrialist and ardent supporter of
    the St. Lawrence Seaway project. He was president of
    Barnes-Duluth Shipbuilding Company and the McDougall-Duluth
    Company, chairman of Duluth Klearflax Linen Looms, and
    operated a fleet of freighters along the Great Lakes, Erie
    Canal, and Atlantic coast. Barnes was the head of the Food
    Administration Grain Corporation under Herbert Hoover in
    1917, and U.S. Wheat Director in 1919 by special appointment
    of Woodrow Wilson. He was president of the U.S. Chamber of
    Commerce (1921-1924) and its chair (1929-1931). A major
    Duluth philanthropist, he showed great support of the YMCA
    and built the Duluth Boat Club. He died, in 1959, one week
    before the St. Lawrence Seaway officially opened. S3025.
    SUBJECTS: Barnes, Julius Howland, businessman; Barnes-Duluth
    Shipbuilding Co., Duluth; Chamber of Commerce, Duluth;
    Duluth Boat Club: built; Duluth Klearflex Linen Looms,
    Duluth; Food Administration Grain Corp., operations;

  • BARRETT, DR. FREDERICK (1843-1895). Papers, 1892-1927. 6
    items.
    Letters, a 1910 Duluth Boat Club family ticket, a 1923
    program for the Bonspiel at Eveleth, and a 1927 banquet
    program. Barrett moved to Tower, Minnesota, in 1887,
    purchasing Tower Press and established papers in Ely,
    Merritt, Virginia, and Biwabik, Minnesota. S3747.
    SUBJECTS: Barrett, Dr. Frederick; Biwabik: newspaper;
    Curling, program; Duluth Boat Club: ticket; Ely,
    newspaper; Eveleth: sporting events;

  • BEAVER BAY STUDY. Papers, 1948. 0.5 in.
    The outline and support research materials for application
    " Research Grant for Beaver Bay Study." The study was done
    by Dr. Lyda C. Belthuis and Dr. Thomas W. Chamberlin who
    were at the University of Minnesota, Duluth, at the time.
    Photographs, history, fact sheet, newsclippings, and copies
    of maps, all pertaining to Beaver Bay, Minnesota. S3732.
    SUBJECTS: Beaver Bay Study, research grant; Belthuis, Dr. Lyda
    C., author; Chamberlin, Dr. Thomas W., author;

  • BEDE, J. ADAM (1856-1942). Papers, 1860-1956. 1.75 ft.
    Bede was a politician, editor, and prominent lecturer in
    Duluth, Minnesota. He was elected to the U.S. House of
    Representatives in 1902, and served one term in the
    Minnesota Legislature from the 58th District in 1931. An
    advocate of the St. Lawrence Seaway, he used his influence
    to urge congressional acceptance of the Seaway.
    Correspondence, reference materials, speeches,
    newsclippings, publications, and photographs. Also included
    are a biographical sketch about Bede, correspondence on the
    St. Lawrence Seaway, and incomplete sets of some of Bede's
    newspapers: The Paragrapher, Bede's Budget, and The Duluth
    Times. S3029.
    SUBJECTS: Bede, J. Adam, politician;

  • BENTLEY, E. JUDSON. Papers, 1952-1970. 3 in.
    Chronologies and histories of Silver Bay and Babbitt,
    Minnesota, and the Reserve Mining Company of Silver Bay.
    Photographs of the two towns, and correspondence. S3731.
    SUBJECTS: Babbitt: history; Bentley, E. Judson, papers;

  • BERGESON, JAY ORLANDO (1889-1961). Records, 1911-1923. 1
    in.
    Bergeson served as auditor, assistant treasurer, purchasing
    agent, and general passenger and freight agent of the Mesaba
    Railway Company, an interurban railway that ran between
    Hibbing and Gilbert, Minnesota. He later became comptroller
    of the Enterprise Printing and Publishing Company in
    Virginia, Minnesota. Included are a notebook and
    photographs pertaining to the Mesaba Railway Company.
    S3185.
    SUBJECTS: Bergeson, Jay Orlando, railroad man; Enterprise
    Printing and Publishing Co., Virginia;

  • BIRK, DOUGLAS. Lecture, 1979. 45 min.
    Lecture entitled, "Recent Offshore Archaeology at Fort
    Charlotte," presented at the conference, "A Rendezvous With
    History." S2349.
    SUBJECTS: Birk, Douglas, archeologist; Fort Charlotte,
    archeology;

  • BISHOP'S LITERARY CLUB, DULUTH. Records, 1899-1909. 4
    items.
    Four booklets with information on club officers, members,
    programs, and bibliographies. S3623.
    SUBJECTS: Archeology: fur trade; Bishop's Literary Club, Duluth;

  • BLACKS IN MINNESOTA. Oral History Project. 11 Participants.
    Approx. 8 hours available from MHS., 267 pages.
    In 1974, the Minnesota Historical Society used funds
    provided by the Northwest Area Foundation to collect and
    organize materials germane to the history of blacks in
    Minnesota. During two summers, the staff of the Minnesota
    Black History Project, under the direction of David V.
    Taylor, collected records of organizations, institutions,
    clubs, and churches as well as personal papers, genealogies,
    photographs, and oral interviews. The entries include the
    oral history interviews conducted for this project as well
    as some earlier interviews Taylor undertook in doing
    research for his doctoral dissertation. A more complete
    description of these interviews and of other material in the
    society's collections relating to blacks is contained in
    Blacks in Minnesota: A Preliminary Guide to Historical
    Sources compiled by David V. Taylor and published by the
    society in 1976. S2208.
    SUBJECTS: Blacks: history; African Americans: history;

  • BLACKTHORN THEATER. Records, 1979-1981. 6 in.
    The Blackthorn Theater, defined as an Imagist theater, was
    created in 1977 by Seamas Cain. Productions included
    avantgarde theater-works, works of classical theater, and
    performance-art works.
    This open collection consists of programs and posters used
    to promote plays produced by the Theater, manuscripts,
    reviews, scripts, and statistics of attendance. Inventory
    available. S2456.
    SUBJECTS: Blackhorn Theater, productions; Cain, Seamas, theater
    manager;

  • BLUE ORE MINING COMPANY. Records, 1903-1914. 1 in.
    Corporate minutes of this Duluth based firm which owned and
    leased land in St. Louis and Itasca Counties. S2346.
    SUBJECTS: Blue Ore Mining Co, Duluth;

  • BOARD OF TRADE OF DULUTH. Records, 1881-1972. 36 ft.
    The Board of Trade was a communication and trading
    organization formed to improve the methods of marketing and
    shipping wheat to Duluth.
    The collection consists of minutes; printed annual reports;
    financial journals and ledgers (1900-1958); stock and
    clearing association certificates; general rules, bylaws and
    articles of incorporation (1885-1958); membership cards,
    ledgers, and certificates; ledgers of grain shipments from
    Duluth; Red Cross Pledge Book; architectural drawings,
    specifications and related correspondence; court cases and
    actions of the Board of Arbitration; and Duluth Daily Market
    Report, 1888-1900. S2209.
    SUBJECTS: American Red Cross: pledges; Architecture: drawings;
    Board of Trade, Duluth, activities; Courts: cases;

  • BOGDANICH, JOSEPH (1891- ). Papers, 1931-1972. 1.5 in.
    Photographs, correspondence, and newsclippings taken largely
    from Bogdanich's scrapbook.
    Bogdanich came to the United States when he was 16. He
    worked in iron mines of Northern Minnesota until 1924, later
    organizing a museum in Eveleth, Minnesota. S3124.
    SUBJECTS: Bogdanich, Joseph, miner; Eveleth: museums;

  • BOHANNON, HARVEY L. (1898- ). Photographs, ca. 1902-
    1914. 21 items.
    Photographs collected by a Duluth resident. Among them are
    photographs of the dock at Two Harbors, Lake County; mining
    activity on the Mesabi Iron Range; the Duluth harbor; and
    various other locations in Duluth, including Cascade Park.
    S2234.
    SUBJECTS: Bohannon, Harvey L., collector; Cascade Park, Duluth,
    photographs; Duluth, photographs;

  • BORUP, CHARLES W. Letter, 1844. 1 item.
    This letter from Borup was written to an agent at the
    American Fur Company in St. Mary's. Borup was an agent of
    the American Fur Company Trading Post at La Pointe,
    Wisconsin. S3685.
    SUBJECTS: Borup, Charles W., trader;

  • BOUNDARY CHANGES ON THE FOND DU LAC RESERVATION. Oral
    History Project. 1979. 10 Participants. 18 hours, 288
    pages.
    Participants discuss and define changes in the boundary of
    the Fond du Lac Reservation, Minnesota. S2331.
    RESTRICTED. Until Jan. 1, 1994, patron must obtain written
    permission of the Fond du Lac Reservation business committee
    or executive director.
    SUBJECTS: Fond du Lac Reservation: boundaries;

  • BRAINERD-CUYUNA MINING COMPANY. Records, 1912-1916. 0.2
    in.
    Land leases, land lots and prices marked on township grid
    maps, and description of the company's operating expenses.
    This company operated on the Cuyuna Range in Crow Wing
    County, Minnesota. S3658.
    SUBJECTS: Brainerd-Cuyuna Mining Co., operations; Cuyuna Iron
    Range: mining companies;

  • BRAVERMAN, JOSEPH. Music Scores. 78 items.
    Photocopied Hebrew and Yiddish sheet music, parts of which
    were written by Braverman, a teacher at the Moses Montefiore
    Hebrew Institute, Duluth. Mr. Braverman was a cantor for
    Duluth's Tifereth Israel Synagogue from about 1914 to 1948.
    S2412.
    SUBJECTS: Braverman, Joseph, teacher;

  • BRIGHT, MICHAEL S., SR. Record book, 1859-1871. 0.5 in.
    Record book of court cases of this Superior, Wisconsin,
    attorney who was a partner in the firm of Bright and Hayes.
    Included are notes on the Chief Buffalo claim which
    culminated in the lawsuits of the "Prentice Claim." S3112.
    SUBJECTS: Bright, Michael S., Sr., lawyer; Buffalo, Ojibwe
    leader;

  • BROAD, CLIFFORD H. (1892- ). Autobiography, ca. 1976.
    65 pages.
    Manuscript dealing with the author's family and personal
    experiences in Duluth entitled "A Boy Grows Up in Northern
    Minnesota." Also included in the manuscript is "The
    Thompson Family," written by Robert B. Thompson, covering
    the life of Theodore Andreas Thompson, a laborer who
    immigrated to Duluth from Norway in 1888. S2214.
    SUBJECTS: Broad, Clifford H., reminiscences;

  • BROWN, ALLISON. Scrapbook, 1917-1946. 0.5 in.
    Correspondence, newsclippings, and one photograph of Allison
    Brown, a poet and member of the Vigilantes, a group of
    distinguished authors and artists organized during World War
    I. Originally from Duluth, she worked for the war effort in
    Washington, D.C. This work included writing poems for a
    weekly publication at Walter Reed Hospital. Her poetry was
    known throughout the United States. S3146.
    SUBJECTS: Brown, Allison, poet;

  • BROWN, W. Cookbook, ca. 1872. 1 item.
    A cookbook containing handwritten recipes and recipes
    clipped from newspapers. The recipes are mainly for sweets:
    cakes, candies, and creams. S3765.
    SUBJECTS: Brown, W., cook; Cookbooks, for sweets;

  • BRYANT, FRANK (1889-1961). Scrapbook, 1907-1961. 1 vol.
    A chronicle of Bryant's career as a national and world
    champion speed roller skater. Newsclippings, photographs,
    and advertising handbills. S3760.
    SUBJECTS: Advertising: For roller skating.; Bryant, Frank,
    roller skater;

  • BULLEN, JOSEPH ADDISON. Letter, 1890. 1 item.
    Letter written by Bullen to James Bardon discussing some
    corrections he felt were needed in the book, Eye of the
    Northwest, the first annual report of the statistician of
    Superior, Wisconsin, published in 1890. S3686.
    SUBJECTS: Bullen, Joseph Addison;

  • BURKE, PATRICK A. Papers, 1948-1950. 0.5 in.
    Political correspondence, material on the Truman-Barkley
    Club, letters, programs, speeches, reception committee list,
    seating arrangement for the motorcade, financial reports and
    bills about the President's visit to Duluth. S366l.
    SUBJECTS: Burke, Patrick A., politician; Democratic party,
    campaigns;

  • BURNS, MANLEY PATRICK (d. 1977). Papers, ca. 1880-1967. 3
    ft.
    Photographs, negatives (including glass plates), and
    promotional pamphlets collected by Burns, an amateur
    historian of the city of West Duluth, now part of Duluth.
    The photographs and negatives are predominantly of West
    Duluth; the pamphlets were issued by various Duluth
    businesses and churches. S2421.
    SUBJECTS: Burns, Manley P., historian;

  • BUSINESS ADVERTISING CARDS, DULUTH. ca. 1880. 1 in.
    Cards of firms which were either conducting business or were
    located in the Duluth area. S2415.
    SUBJECTS: Advertising: Business cards.;

  • BUSINESS AND LABOR IN DULUTH. Oral History Project, 1980-
    1981. 11 Participants. 17 hours.
    The interviews in this project document the history of
    Duluth area businesses and labor unions. Narrators comment,
    where appropriate, on the founding and growth of various
    businesses or labor organizations, the formation of
    corporate policies, labor-management relations, urban
    renewal, union philosophy and strategy, government
    regulation, binding arbitration, and the relationship of
    business and labor to political and civic affairs. Barbara
    J. Sommer, Northeast Minnesota Historical Center, University
    of Minnesota, Duluth, conducted the interviews. S2220.
    SUBJECTS: Cities: urban renewal;

  • BUTCHART, LORENA E. (1877-1950). Papers, 1923-1950. 1.5
    in.
    Newsclippings, handwritten notes, programs, and photographs,
    of a soprano soloist who was very active in the Duluth area,
    1923-1936. S3122.
    SUBJECTS: Butchart, Lorena E., singer;

  • BYERS, BENTON B. (1880-1972). Papers, 1861-1971. 2 in.
    Newsclippings, diploma, photographs, plant sketchbook, and
    various items of Frederick W. Byers, Benton's father,
    including journals, notes, and letters from the Civil War.
    Benton Byers was a Duluth pharmacist arriving here in 1905.
    S3113.
    SUBJECTS: Byers, Benton B., pharmacist; Byers, Frederick W.,
    Civil War veteran; Civil War: letters;

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  • CARLSON, EMIL. Papers, 1913-1925. 0.5 in.
    A notebook of various St. Louis County range grids for
    townships 58 through 68 with physical features sketched in
    pencil, 1913, and correspondence concerning a fire claim,
    1921-1925. S3114.
    SUBJECTS: Carlson, Emil;

  • CARPENTER'S LUMBER RECORDS. 1909-1919. 9 items.
    Receipts for materials bought for Mr. Felix Tarnowski's
    lumber business of Duluth. S3726.

  • CARROLL, CAPTAIN C.B. Records, 1856-1859. 1 item.
    A bill of lading book kept at Ontonagon, Michigan, which
    lists ships, their captains, and ports of destination.
    S3662.
    SUBJECTS: Carroll, Capt. C. B.;

  • CASEY, FRANK. Letters, 1918. 2 items.
    Two letters written by Casey to his sister, Jenny, of
    Duluth, while he was in the U.S. Army in England and France
    during World War I. S3691.
    SUBJECTS: Casey, Frank, soldier;

  • CASTLE, LEWIS G. (1894-1960). Papers, 1954-1960. 3 ft.
    Collection of materials relating to the St. Lawrence Seaway.
    Included are photographs, newsclippings, and monographs.
    Castle was administrator of the St. Lawrence Seaway
    Development Corp., chairman of the executive committee of
    the Great Lakes- St. Lawrence Tidewater Assn., and president
    of the Northern Minnesota National Bank, Duluth. S2425.
    SUBJECTS: Castle, Lewis G., banker;

  • CECILIAN SOCIETY, DULUTH. Records, 1889-1984. 1.25 ft.
    The Cecilian Society was organized for the purpose of
    founding a public musical library and advancing the
    interests of music in Duluth. Included are the constitution
    and minutes, personnel list, annual programs,
    correspondence, newsclippings, financial records, two
    scrapbooks and photographs. S3119.
    SUBJECTS: Cecilian Chorale Society, Duluth;

  • CENSUS SCHEDULES. Records, 1865. 20 pages.
    Census counts of Carlton and Lake Counties, the towns of
    Duluth, Fond du Lac, and Grand Portage, and the Township of
    Oneota. Copy typed from original in 1924. S3105.
    SUBJECTS: Carlton County: census; Duluth: census; Fond du
    Lac, census;

  • CENTENNIAL - MINNESOTA. Scrapbook, 1958. 5 in.
    Newsclippings, booklets, correspondence, pamphlets, maps,
    and one photograph, pertaining primarily to the period
    after 1858. S3139.

  • CHICAGO, MILWAUKEE AND ST. PAUL RAILROAD. Journal, 1881-
    1882. 1 in.
    A mileage journal containing distances from rail stations
    to post offices of towns in Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, the
    Dakotas and Illinois. S3085.
    SUBJECTS: Chicage, Milwaukee, and St. Paul Railroad Co., routes;

  • CHICAGO ORE COMPANY. Records, 1906-1913. 2 in.
    Corporate minutes and stock certificates of the Chicago Ore
    Company, a Duluth-based Minnesota corporation involved in
    the mining, smelting, reducing, refining, and working of
    ores and minerals. S2231.
    SUBJECTS: Chicago Ore Co., Duluth;

  • CHICAGO, ROCK ISLAND, AND PACIFIC RAILROAD COMPANY.
    Records, 1883-1900, 1913-1943. 4 in.
    Three land books containing land locations, land and timber
    sales information, deed dates and records of land payments
    of the properties held by the C,RI&P Railroad. S3100.
    SUBJECTS: Chicago, Rock Island, and Pacific Railroad Co., land
    holdings;

  • CHIPPEWA LAND CLAIMS, DULUTH. Records, 1883-1953. 0.2 in.
    Four land abstracts and an agreement concerning land claimed
    by Chief Buffalo in the present downtown Duluth area.
    S3642.
    SUBJECTS: Buffalo, Ojibwe leader; Chippewa Indians: land
    claims; Duluth: land;

  • CHIPPEWA VOCABULARY. Card File. 3 ft.
    Translations of Chippewa and English language words written
    on 4x6" alphabetical cards, each indicating the source of
    the translation and some noting names of prominent
    Chippewas. S3046.
    SUBJECTS: Chippewa Indians: language; Ojibwe language;

  • CHRISTENSEN, ANDERS AND TRILBY. Two manuscripts, 1979. 10
    pages.
    Entitled, "The Stones of Duluth," presented to the Duluth
    Neighborhood Preservation Workshop, on how to do a house
    history and historic preservation in Duluth. S2327.
    SUBJECTS: Christensen, Anders, preservationist; Christensen,
    Trilby, preservationist; Cities: historic preservation;

  • CHRISTENSEN, LEONA. Manuscript, 1927. 5 pages.
    Entitled, "Biography of My Grandfather," profiling Henry
    Truelson, a Duluth politician who served as mayor from 1896
    to 1900. S2260.
    SUBJECTS: Christensen, Leona, author; Duluth: mayors;

  • CITY REALTY COMPANY, DULUTH. Records, 1907-1916. 4 vol.
    Financial ledgers, cash book, journal, and voucher check
    journal of this Duluth realty company. S3023.
    SUBJECTS: City Realty Co., Duluth;

  • CIVILIAN MOBILIZATION - WORLD WAR II, DULUTH. Scrapbooks,
    1941-1944. 2.5 in.
    Two World War II civil defense scrapbooks covering the home
    front include newsclippings about antisabotage programs,
    commodity rationing, test blackouts, and air raid
    precautions. S3140.
    SUBJECTS: Civil Defense: in World War II; Civilian
    Mobilization, war efforts;

  • CLARK, THOMAS II (1814-1878). Papers, 1854-1871, 1942-1943.
    2 in.
    Diary (1854-1855), notebook (1860), letter press of Clark &
    Relf (1865-1871), correspondence, and biographical
    information about Clark, who served in the Minnesota State
    Senate (1859) and later as County Judge of Douglas County,
    Wisconsin. S3081.
    SUBJECTS: Clark, Thomas, II, politician;

  • CLOVER VALLEY TELEPHONE COMPANY. Records, 1894, 1913-1916.
    0.5 in.
    One minute book with cancelled checks dating from 1894.
    This organization served as a cooperative for residents of
    Palmers, Clover Valley, and Molde, Minnesota, all
    located between Duluth and Two Harbors, for telephone, road
    and postal service to the area. S3050.
    SUBJECTS: Clover Valley Telephone Co., records;

  • CLYDE IRON WORKS COMPANY. Records, 1889-1986. 25 ft.
    Daily administrative records consisting of minutes of
    meetings, payroll records and time books, contracts,
    ledgers, journals, stock certificates, glass plate
    negatives, photographs, and stamp hammer pattern book.
    Clyde was a manufacturer of heavy equipment used in the
    logging, mining, and construction industries. The company
    was headquartered in Duluth, but also had warehouses in New
    York, Chicago, Savannah, and New Orleans. S2365.
    SUBJECTS: Clyde Iron Works, Co., Duluth;

  • COBB, E. R. SCHOOL. Collection, ca. 1919. 2 items.
    Memorabilia consisting of a program issued on the formal
    opening of the school, and a photograph of Cobb School.
    S2259.
    SUBJECTS: Cobb, E. R., School, program; Education: schools;

  • COHEN, NATHAN (1908-1962). Scrapbook, 1903-1904. 2 in.
    Newsclippings on Duluth theater events. Cohen was an editor
    of the Sunday Duluth Herald & News Tribune. S3034.
    SUBJECTS: Cohen, Nathan, editor;

  • COLBRATH, CORAH L. Papers, 1910-1955. 3 vol.
    Three notebooks entitled, "Record of Plays Seen." Includes
    information on plays seen at the Lyceum and Orpheum theaters
    in Duluth. S3179.
    SUBJECTS: Colbrath, Corah L., notebooks;

  • COLE, WILLIAM H. ( -1915). Estate Inventory, 1915. 1
    item.
    An inventory of Cole's estate, drawn at the time of his
    death for probate court. He was president of Northern Cold
    Storage Company in Duluth. S3634.
    SUBJECTS: Cole, William H., businessman;

  • COLLINS, ARTHUR N. (1876-1970). Papers, 1807, 1909-1974. 6
    in.
    Correspondence, certificates of awards and membership,
    medical articles authored by Collins, photographs of his
    paintings, general photographs, and genealogical
    information. Also included is an account book (1807) of
    Samuel Collins, a family ancestor. Collins was a Duluth
    area physician. S3033.
    SUBJECTS: Art and artists: painters; Collins, Dr. Arthur N.;
    Collins, Samuel, accounts;

  • COMMUNIST PARTY U.S.A., DULUTH SECTION. Papers, 1930. 1
    item.
    An advertisement urging workers to stop work and demonstrate
    at the Court House in an effort to improve working
    conditions and secure relief for the unemployed. S3193.
    SUBJECTS: Advertising: Political; Communist party, program;

  • COOK COUNTY. COUNTY AUDITOR. Election Records, 1950-1976, 0.5 c.f. S2252.
    SUBJECTS: Government Records;

  • COOK COUNTY FAMILY SERVICE DEPARTMENT, GRAND MARAIS, MINN.
    Records, 1966-1968. 2.5 ft.
    Correspondence, personnel files, publications, committee
    minutes and reports, circulars, certificates, case records,
    and financial and administrative records. A large portion
    of the records involve a federal work-study program that was
    based on the Economic Opportunity Act of 1964. S2379.
    RESTRICTED. Until Dec. 31, 1990, patron must obtain
    permission of NEMHC.
    SUBJECTS: Cook County, Family Service Dept.

  • COOK COUNTY HISTORICAL SOCIETY. Oral Histories, 1978. 5
    tapes.
    Recorded by the Cook County Historical Society. Subjects:
    Tape 1, commercial fishing; tape 2, sinking of steamer,
    America; tapes 3-5, Cook County history. S2318.
    SUBJECTS: America, steamer; Cook County: history; Cook County
    Historical Society, activities; Fishing: commercial;

  • COOK, MINNESOTA, MILITARY SERVICE SCRAPBOOK. 1945, 1946,
    1973. 0.5 in.
    Cook, Minnesota, is about 100 miles north of Duluth in St.
    Louis County.
    This collection consists of a photocopied scrapbook of
    newsclippings from the Cook News-Herald covering men and
    women in the armed services from Cook and the immediate
    area. Also included is information about the Red Cross, war
    bond drives, and the arrival of British war brides. S3782.
    SUBJECTS: American Red Cross: in World War II; British: war
    brides; Cook, in World War II;

  • COOK NURSING HOME. Records, 1889-1958. 25 vol.
    The Cook Home was established in the early 1880s and was
    known as the Poor Farm or Almshouse Hospital and
    Tuberculosis Sanitarium, under the supervision of the St.
    Louis County Commissioners. See related Collection 456.
    S3746.
    RESTRICTED IN PART.
    SUBJECTS: Almshouse Hospital and Tuberculosis Sanitartium; Cook
    Nursing Home, activities;

  • JAY COOKE & COMPANY, PHILADELPHIA. Records, 1866-1880,
    1934. 53 items.
    Jay Cooke & Co. was a banking house formed in 1861 by
    financier Jay Cooke and William Moorhead. Cooke,
    responsible for revolutionizing methods of marketing
    investments in the United States during the Civil War,
    visited Duluth in 1868. Cooke was important to the Duluth
    area primarily through his land and railroad properties; he
    owned the Lake Superior and Mississippi Railroad Co. Jay
    Cooke & Company went bankrupt in 1873.
    The collection contains a copy of an 1880 "catalog of
    stocks, bonds, western lands, town lots, and other real
    estate belonging to Jay Cooke & Co. in bankruptcy to be
    sold". Also includes, business card, telegraphic cyphers,
    notes, a protested debt, a published agreement and an essay
    by William Culkin concerning the 1880 catalog. S3183.
    SUBJECTS: Banks and banking: companies; Catalogs: land;
    Cooke, Jay, and Co., Philadelphia;

  • COOLERATOR COMPANY, DULUTH. Records, 1921-1954. 6.25 ft.
    Coolerator began in 1908 as the Duluth Showcase Company
    manufacturing refrigerators and freezers. It was a
    subsidiary of the Marshall Wells Building Corporation. By
    1950 the product line has expanded to include electric
    ranges and air conditioners. Coolerator was sold and re-
    sold but ceased operations in June, 1954 with remaining
    property sold at public auction.
    The collection includes advertisements, specifications and
    parts drawings, correspondence with James E. Frykdahl (Head
    of Coolerators Engineering Department), and a copy of the
    firm's public auction, June, 1954. S2371.
    SUBJECTS: Advertising: Refrigeration; Coolerator Co., Duluth,
    records;

  • COOLEY, JEROME E. (1844-1926). Papers, ca. 1895-1925. 1
    in.
    Poems and other writings, most of which were authored by
    Cooley, a resident of Duluth who was active in lumber,
    fish, and real estate businesses. S3188.
    SUBJECTS: Cooley, Jerome E., author;

  • COOLIDGE, CALVIN (1872-1933) COLLECTION. 1928. 2.5 in.
    Correspondence, photographs, and newsclippings of President
    Coolidge's visit to Duluth in 1928. A scrapbook includes
    approximately 30 8x10 photographs of Coolidge in Duluth.
    S3092.
    SUBJECTS: Coolidge, Calvin, president;

  • THE COOPERATIVE BUILDER. Serial, 1943-1954. Vol. 18-29.
    " The Cooperative Builder: A Journal of Consumer Co-
    operation," was a weekly newspaper published in Superior,
    Wisconsin. S2308.
    SUBJECTS: "Cooperative Builder," published; Cooperatives:
    publications;

  • CORY, MARY P. Letters, ca. 1893-1903. 2 items.
    Letters to Mary P. Cory regarding land and taxes from Harry
    Cruishawk, and from the City of Duluth missing the
    signature. S2286.
    SUBJECTS: Cory, Mary P., papers; Cruishawk, Harry, letter;

  • COSTELLO, DAVID H. (1872-1967). Papers, 1892-1965. 1.75
    ft.
    A typed diary (1931-1960) briefly describing local current
    events, scrapbooks (1896-1956) include snapshots generally
    of vacations in northern Minnesota and Wisconsin,
    photographs, and miscellany. S3039.
    SUBJECTS: Costello, David H., diary;

  • COVENTRY, WILLIAM DEAN (1906-1988). Manuscript, 1978. 41
    pages.
    Entitled, "Brownstone and the Romanesque in Duluth" on use
    of brownstone and sandstone in Duluth area architecture.
    S2263.
    SUBJECTS: Art and artists: sculpture; Coventry, Dr. William D.,
    author;

  • COVENTRY, WILLIAM DEAN (1906-1988). Manuscript, 1980. 6
    pages.
    Entitled "George Thrana, Master Stone Sculptor," presented
    as a lecture to the St. Louis County Historical Society.
    S2339.
    SUBJECTS: Architecture: materials; Coventry, Dr. William D.,
    author; Duluth: buildings;

  • COWELL, WILLIAM G. Diary, 1849-1856. 1 item.
    A typed copy of a diary compiled by Cowell, recording his
    trip from Quebec to Duluth. S3186.
    SUBJECTS: Cowell, William G., diary;

  • CRAGGENCROFT SCHOOL. Records, 1891-1902. 14 items.
    Craggencroft was a Duluth private school for girls located
    on Woodland Avenue at the Snivley Road intersection. Two
    photographs of the school building and one of students,
    calendars, invitations, report cards, and contracts. S3639.
    SUBJECTS: Craggencroft School, records; Education: schools;

  • CRIMINAL JUSTICE IN THE ARROWHEAD REGION. Print materials,
    1960-1979. 1.25 ft. and 3 vol.
    Unpublished reports, minutes, correspondence, financial
    materials, planning documents, and various studies done in
    1974-1975. S2303.
    SUBJECTS: Arrowhead region: criminal justice; Crime: criminal
    justice;

  • CULKIN, WILLIAM E. (1860-1949). Papers, 1908-1942. 1 ft.
    Culkin was a Duluth attorney, Minnesota State Senator
    (1894), Register of United States Land Office at Duluth
    (1897), director of the Minnesota War Records Commission,
    St. Louis County Branch, after WWI and first president of
    the St. Louis County Historical Society in 1922, serving for
    fifteen years. He was an avid local historian and associate
    editor of the Duluth Herald newspaper.
    Correspondence, awards and certificates, lawyer's case
    records, newsclippings, photographs and manuscripts on local
    history. The numerous photographs include Cass and Nett
    Lakes, Little Fork, Star Island, and identified individuals.
    S3048.
    SUBJECTS: Cass Lake, photographs; Culkin, William E., lawyer;

    BACK TO TOP

  • DARLING, JOHN HENRY (1847-1942). Papers, 1813-1965. 2 ft.
    Correspondence, diaries, articles and addresses written by
    Darling, a subject file, financial materials, newsclippings,
    photographs and engineering plans.
    Darling located in Duluth in 1884 as principle U.S.
    assistant engineer until his retirement in 1913. In 1917,
    Darling designed and built an observatory and opened it to
    the public. He was elected to the Duluth Hall of Fame in
    1930. S3030.
    SUBJECTS: Darling, John H., engineer; Duluth Hall of Fame,
    records; Engineers: projects;

  • DAUGHTERS OF NORWAY, NORA LODGE #4. Records, 1903-1959.
    1.5 ft.
    Correspondence, 1903 charter, merger papers, records of
    payment to sick members, minutes, ledgers, and membership
    roster. S2368.
    SUBJECTS: Daughters of Norway, lodge;

  • DAVIS, GEORGE FRANKLIN, SR. Papers, 1891-1910. 5 in.
    Correspondence pertaining to Davis's business, investments,
    and personal interests. Davis was a Duluth attorney who was
    also interested in Nevada mine speculation. S3042.
    SUBJECTS: Davis, George Franklin, Sr., lawyer;

  • DAY, LAURA. Papers, 1894-1919. 5 in.
    Land deeds in Aitkin, Crow Wing, Itasca, and St. Louis
    counties, mining and timber leases, business letters, and
    labor contracts. Day owned property on the Mesabi Iron
    Range. S3701.
    SUBJECTS: Aitkin County: Land; Crow Wing County: land; Day,
    Laura, mining interests;

  • DELTA KAPPA GAMMA INTERNATIONAL, DULUTH CHAPTER. Records,
    1950-1981. 1 ft.
    Society of professional women educators; the Tau State
    organization was founded in 1929. International
    directories, Beta directories, Tau State directories, Kappa
    directories, and assorted programs from state, regional and
    international conferences. S3710.
    SUBJECTS: Delta Kappa Gamma International, directories;

  • DENNIS, MAY A. Scrapbook, 1899-1946. 1 in.
    Correspondence, photographs, and newspaper clippings about
    Dennis's activity in civic organizations as well as her
    involvement in Bruen's department store in Duluth. S3152.
    SUBJECTS: Bruen's, Duluth, department store; Dennis, May A.,
    scrapbook;

  • DEPARTMENT OF HIGHWAYS: DULUTH AND EVELETH IRON PAVING PROJECT. Correspondence, 1937-1939. 1 in.
    Correspondence between the State of Minnesota Department of
    Highways and the Interlake Iron Corporation, Chicago,
    relating to the use of iron paving on state highways.
    S3753.

  • DISABLED AMERICAN VETERANS. Records, 1931-1970. 6 in.
    The records of this Gilbert W. Nordmann Chapter No. 6
    contain minutes, correspondence, publications, and
    membership cards. S2256.
    SUBJECTS: Disabled American veterans, records;

  • DM&IR COMPUTERIZED CAR IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM TRAINING FILM.
    16mm film and tape, 1958.
    The Duluth Missabe and Iron Range Railroad's method of
    counting and inventorying cars and cargo which is now used
    nationwide. S3780.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth, Missabe, and Iron Range Railroad: training film;
    Films: for railroads;

  • DOTY, GARY (1948- ). Papers, 1974-1976. 6.25 ft.
    Minnesota state legislator (1974-1976) and St. Louis County
    commissioner (1976- ) from Duluth. Correspondence and
    background study materials from Doty's legislative career.
    S2223.
    SUBJECTS: Doty, Gary, politician;

  • DOTY, RALPH (1941- ). Papers, 1969-1976. 7.5 ft.
    Minnesota state legislator (1970-1976) from Duluth.
    Correspondence and other materials primarily concerning his
    activities as state senator. S2249.
    RESTRICTED. Until May 1, 1997, patron must obtain written
    permission of the donor.
    SUBJECTS: Doty, Ralph, politician;

  • DULUTH AND IRON RANGE RAILROAD COMPANY. Records, 1903-1919.
    1 in.
    Local passenger fares and tariffs, mileage tables, and two
    telegrams pertaining to local tariffs. S2394.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth and Iron Range Railroad: fares;

  • DULUTH-ARIZONA GOLD MINING COMPANY. Records, ca. 1909. 1
    in.
    Articles of incorporation, bylaws, and minutes of the board
    of directors. S2278.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth-Arizona Gold Mining Co., records;

  • DULUTH ART INSTITUTE. Records, 1872-1985. 6.25 ft.
    The Duluth Art Association was incorporated in 1907. The
    Association had a dues paying membership of local visual
    artists and supporters of the visual arts who arranged for
    and mounted exhibitions of painting and sculpture at
    intervals during the year. The Association became inactive
    in the 1930's when a second arts group formed as the Duluth
    Art Institute. The two merged into the Duluth Art Institute
    Association in 1946 but the name was later shortened to
    Duluth Art Institute. The DAI sponsors the Annual
    Arrowhead Show. Since 1976 the DAI has been an agency in
    the St. Louis County Heritage and Arts Center (The Depot).
    Includes minutes (1919-1946, 1975-1982), office and program
    records, newsclippings, art exhibition catalogs, promotional
    materials and taped interviews with four visual artists
    (1984). The records are in three series: Office Files,
    Programs, and Depot Files. Inventory available. S3056.
    SUBJECTS: Art and artists: organizations; Depot, Duluth,
    records; Duluth Art Institute, records;

  • DULUTH ASSOCIATION FOR THE PHYSICALLY HANDICAPPED. Records,
    1922-1966. 1 ft.
    Board minutes, committee reports, financial and treasurer's
    reports, budget requests, correspondence and newsclippings.
    S3736.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth Association for the Physically Handicapped, records;

  • DULUTH AUTOMOBILE CLUB. Records, 1922-1946. 0.25 in.
    Articles of incorporation of the Minnesota State Automobile
    Association, bylaws of the Duluth club, safety information,
    meeting programs, and newsletters. S3630.
    SUBJECTS: Automobiles, organizations; Duluth Automobile Club,
    records;

  • DULUTH BETHEL SOCIETY. Records, 1890's-1975. 3 in. and 1
    film.
    Originally called the Western Seamen's Friend Society.
    Included are reference materials, newsclippings, a
    photograph album, and a film describing the Society's
    activities. S3057.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth Bethel Society, records; Films: of benefit
    society;

  • DULUTH BICENTENNIAL COMMISSION. Records, 1974-1980. 2.25
    ft.
    Articles of incorporation, bylaws, financial records,
    correspondence, manuscripts on local history, project files
    by month in the Bicentennial year (1976), Voyageurs Canoe
    Trip reenactment files, newsclippings, brochures, programs,
    photographs and proposals. S2358.
    SUBJECTS: Canoeing: trip records; Duluth Bicentennial
    Commission, records;

  • DULUTH BICENTENNIAL LIVING HISTORY PROJECT. 1976 Oral
    History.
    Discussion of four people's lives and businesses in Duluth:
    John Andresen, Larry Gaida, Margaret Gaylord, and Peter
    Olson. S2358.
    SUBJECTS: Andresen, John, reminiscences; Duluth Bicentennial
    Living History Project;

  • DULUTH BOAT CLUB. Records, 1891-1972. 1 ft.
    Publications, newsclippings, two scrapbooks, legal papers,
    and photographs of the Duluth Rowing Squad. This
    organization was financed largely by Julius Barnes and was a
    leading social center of Duluth in the early 1900s. S3009.
    SUBJECTS: Barnes, Julius Howland, businessman; Boats and
    boating: clubs; .i.Duluth Boat Club: records;

  • DULUTH. BUDGET APPROPRIATIONS. 1920-1977. 0.7 c.f. (22 vols).
    S2389.
    SUBJECTS: Government Records; City of Duluth

  • DULUTH BUILDERS' EXCHANGE. Records, 1939-1958. 0.75 in.
    Membership booklet for 1939 and 5 annuals from this building
    industry organization. S3637.
    SUBJECTS: Construction industry: builders' organizations; Duluth
    Builder's Exchange, records;

  • DULUTH BUSINESS AND PROFESSIONAL WOMEN'S CLUB. Records,
    1922-1973. 1.75 ft.
    Organized in November, 1915 to "elevate the standards of
    women in business and to promote the interests of business
    and professional women," it became affiliated with the
    National Federation of Business and Professional Women's
    Clubs in 1921.
    Cashbook, newsclippings, six scrapbooks, yearbooks, and
    photographs. S3011.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth Business and Professional Women's Club, records;

  • DULUTH CAMP #5 SONS OF VETERANS. Records, 1912-1919. 1 vol.
    Minute book and a roll of officers of 1912. S3725.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth Camp #5 Sons of Veterans, records;

  • DULUTH CENTENNIAL COMMISSION. Records, 1956. 4 in. and 1
    film.
    Programs, correspondence, photographs, reference materials,
    three scrapbooks, newsclippings, account sheets and film of
    centennial activities and parade. Reference materials
    include a 56 page play entitled, "Duluth 100." S3059.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth Centennial Commission, records; Films: of
    centennial;

  • DULUTH CHAMBER OF COMMERCE. Records, 1889-1971. 6 in.
    Correspondence, pamphlets, newsclippings, membership
    lists, two minute books of the board of directors' meetings
    (1889), and transportation subcommittee (1908-1911).
    S3065.
    SUBJECTS: Chamber of Commerce, Duluth; Duluth Chamber of
    Commerce, records;

  • DULUTH. CHARTER COMMISSION. Records, 1897-1904. 0.25 in.
    Correspondence, meeting notices, judges appointments,
    commission resolutions and minutes from one meeting. S3670.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth: city charter commission; City of Duluth; Government Records;

  • DULUTH CIVILIAN DEFENSE COUNCIL. Records, 1941-1946. 12.5
    ft.
    Correspondence, minutes, bulletins, publications,
    newsclippings, scrapbooks, photographs, posters, personnel
    lists, and other reference materials from the war activities
    of this organization. Also included are card files of
    Warden and Victory Gardens. S3007.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth Civilian Defense Council, records;

  • DULUTH COMMITTEE FOR WORLD REFUGEE YEAR. Records, 1959-
    1960. 0.25 in.
    Minutes, letters and pamphlets. S3652.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth Committee for World Refugee Year, records;

  • DULUTH. COMMON COUNCIL. Records, 1897. 7 items.
    Includes the report of the committee appointed by the council to investigate the construction of the pumphouse at Lakewood, resolutions passed by the council relating to the construction, and draft of a letter requesting the council to pass a resolution authorizing the Duluth Canal Bridge Company to construct a bridge across the canal at Lake Avenue. S2432.
    SUBJECTS: City of Duluth; Government Records;

  • DULUTH COMMUNITY ACTION PROGRAM. Records, 1966-1982. 0.5
    ft.
    Board minutes, committee rosters, member rosters, bylaws,
    annual meeting and election information, and transitional
    plan information. The Duluth CAP grew out of the federal
    Economic Opportunity Act and the national "War On Poverty"
    period of the 1960s. S3713.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth Community Action Program, records;

  • DULUTH CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH. Programs, 1967. 2 items.
    Two programs from the laying of the cornerstone. This
    church split off from the Pilgrim Congregational Church of
    Duluth. S3646.
    SUBJECTS: Congregational church, Duluth; Duluth Congregational
    Church, records;

  • DULUTH DAY LUNCHEON COMMITTEE. Records, 1927-1978. 2.5 ft.
    Minutes, committee reports, photographs, newspaper
    clippings, treasurer's journal, and correspondence. The
    committee, founded in 1927, is a Duluth women's organization
    that meets annually to honor the woman of the year it
    selects. S2362.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth Day Luncheon Committee, records;

  • DULUTH. DEPARTMENT OF ENGINEERING. Annual Report, 1956.
    15 pages.
    The annual report from 1956 listing projects and statistics.
    S3664.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth: department of engineering; Engineers: city
    departments; City of Duluth; Government Records;

  • DULUTH DOWNTOWN RESTORATION. Report, 1966. 27 items.
    A four page report suggesting a downtown Duluth restoration
    plan. Included are 26 photographs of specific areas to be
    restored or razed. S3764.
    SUBJECTS: Cities: Urban renewal; Duluth: city planning;
    Duluth Downtown Restoration, records;

  • DULUTH EASTERN LITTLE LEAGUE. Scrapbooks, 1961-1974. 4
    Vol.
    Board member lists, clippings, photographs, and annual
    meeting minutes. The Duluth Eastern Little League began the
    Duluth leagues in the spring of 1961, launching Little
    League in Duluth. S3750.
    SUBJECTS: Baseball, leagues; Duluth Eastern Little League,
    scrapbooks;

  • DULUTH. ELECTION RETURNS AND POLL LIST. Records, 1870, 1886. 2 items.
    Election returns for the 1870 election. Poll list for the
    1886 election for the village of Duluth. S3675.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth: elections; Elections: city;  City of Duluth; Government Records;

  • DULUTH GARDEN FLOWER SOCIETY, INC. Records, 1927-1981.
    2.75 ft.
    Executive board minutes (1927-1975), annual fall flower show
    schedules, and scrapbooks of this St. Louis County
    organization. The society was founded in 1927 to promote
    gardening, horticulture, preservation of trees, protection
    of birds, and city beautification. S2295.
    SUBJECTS: Birds: protection programs; Cities: Beautification
    projects; Duluth Garden Flower Society, Inc., records;

  • DULUTH GIRLS CLUB. Financial Records, 1928-1939. 4 in.
    Records of receipts and expenditures of this St. Louis
    County youth organization. S2294.
    SUBJECTS: Children: organizations; Duluth Girls Club, records;

  • DULUTH HISTORIC RESOURCES SURVEY. Records, 1983-1984. 3.5
    ft.
    Survey done for the State Historic Preservation Office of
    the Minnesota Historical Society of Duluth's historic,
    architectural, and archeological sites and structures
    having cultural significance. As a result of city surveys,
    sites and structures are added to the National Register of
    Historic Places. An inventory of the Duluth project is
    available which includes maps, survey forms and photographs.
    S3774.
    SUBJECTS: Archeology: sites; Architecture: historic; Duluth
    Historic Resources Survey, records;

  • DULUTH HISTORICAL AND SCIENTIFIC ASSOCIATION. Letters,
    1897, 1901. 3 items.
    Formed in 1897, this group was incorporated into the Old
    Settler's Association. Consists of letters from the U.S.
    Patent Office. S3681.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth Historical and Scientific Association, letters;

  • DULUTH HOMESTEAD ASSOCIATION, INC. Records, ca. 1936-1954.
    1.25 ft.
    Records of the development of Hermantown, St. Louis County,
    from its beginnings as the Duluth Homestead Project (1936-
    1939) through the dissolution of the Duluth Homestead Assn.,
    Inc. (1939-1954). The project was begun under the U.S.
    Resettlement Administration (which became the U.S. Farm
    Security Administration) and remained under its supervision
    until 1949, when the homesteaders liquidated their
    government debt.
    Included are correspondence, organizational and financial
    records, minutes, public and U.S. government notices,
    membership lists, release deeds, and legal documents, as
    well as materials concerning the development of the
    Hermantown community Store, Inc., the Hermantown Locker
    Plant, Inc., and the Hermantown School. S2200.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth Homestead Association, records; Education:
    schools;

  • DULUTH IMPERIAL MILL COMPANY. Advertisement, ca. 1894. 1
    item.
    Advertisement for the opening of this Duluth flour mill, the
    first of any magnitude established in Duluth. S3650.
    SUBJECTS: Advertising: Milling; Duluth Imperial Mill Co.,
    Duluth; Flour milling, advertisements;

  • DULUTH LIBRARY ASSOCIATION. Records, 1870-1879. 0.25 in.
    Articles of incorporation, membership lists, library
    collection, library rules, bylaws, and meeting minutes.
    This organization was formed to provide Duluth with a
    library. See related collection 139. S3653.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth: library;

  • DULUTH LINEN COMPANY. Catalog, 1936. 1 item.
    Company catalog with descriptions and photographs of the
    linen and cotton goods produced by this company founded by
    Albin S. Nordstrom in 1916. S3618.
    SUBJECTS: Clothing: manufactured; Duluth Linen Co., Duluth;

  • DULUTH METROPOLITAN RECYCLING CENTER. Records, 1970-1974.
    0.5 ft.
    Minutes, correspondence, financial records, board reports,
    and publicity files. The center, which worked with the
    Duluth Sheltered Workshop in employing handicapped persons,
    was destroyed by fire in 1974. S2364.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth Metropolitan Recycling Center, Duluth; Duluth
    Sheltered Workshop: projects;

  • DULUTH MESABI AND IRON RANGE RAILWAY COMPANY. Calendars,
    1979-. 6 items.
    This is an open collection of the illustrated calendars
    issued by the DM&IR. S2403.
    SUBJECTS: Calendars, railroad; Duluth, Missabe, and Iron Range
    Railroad: calendars;

  • DULUTH MUNICIPAL JUDGE ELECTION. Scrapbooks, 1912-1915. 2
    in.
    Four scrapbooks of newspaper clippings dealing with the 1912
    election of municipal judge, in which Capt. William H.
    Smallwood was declared elected after having the election
    results challenged by the incumbent, William L. Windom.
    S3696.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth: elections; Elections: of judges;

  • DULUTH MUSIC TEACHERS ASSOCIATION. Records, 1912-1973,
    1982. 1.5 ft.
    Minutes, financial materials, scrapbooks, and some
    correspondence. Also included is a ledger of minutes of the
    Piano Teachers' Round Table, a short lived group that was
    associated with Matinee Musicale. The association was
    organized to promote high standards in the music profession.
    S3069.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth Music Teachers Association, records; Education:
    teachers;

  • DULUTH. OFFICIAL DOCUMENTS. Documents, 1979. 1 item.
    Proclamation signed by Mayor Robert Beaudin declaring
    International Year of the Child Week in the City of Duluth.
    S2437.
    SUBJECTS: Beaudin, Robert, mayor; Children: welfare; Duluth:
    documents; City of Duluth; Government Records;

  • DULUTH PEONY AND IRIS SOCIETY. Records, 1921-1965. 2 vol.
    Two scrapbooks containing newsclippings, minutes, bylaws,
    membership lists and reports of this Duluth organization.
    Also included are a limited number of photographs of flower
    shows and members. Duluth hosted the 27th annual national
    show in 1930 in the Duluth Armory. S3712.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth Peony and Iris Society, records;

  • DULUTH. PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT DEPARTMENT. Subject Files
    1964-1976. 7.5 ft.
    Newsclipping files arranged alphabetically on city problems
    and concerns. Inventory available. S2302.
    SUBJECTS: Cities: planning; Duluth: city planning; City of Duluth; Government Records;

  • DULUTH. PLANNING COMMISSION. Records, 1956-1959, 1979-
    . 3.75 ft.
    This open collection consists of agendas, minutes and staff
    reports from the City Planning Commission and the Board of
    Zoning, and a 13 volume Comprehensive Plan for the City of
    Duluth (1956-1959). S2311.
    SUBJECTS: Cities: planning; Duluth: city planning; City of Duluth; Government Records;

  • DULUTH. PLANNING DEPARTMENT. Real Property Survey Maps,
    1936. 1 vol.
    Maps of Duluth containing data on physical condition of
    residential structures, dates of settlement, structural
    changes, average rental value, percentage of owner-occupied
    dwelling units, value of owner-occupied single family
    structures, percentage of owner-occupied structures with
    encumbrances, median duration of occupancy of owner-occupied
    dwelling units, land use, and other information. S2302.
    SUBJECTS: Cities: planning; Duluth: city planning; Duluth:
    maps; City of Duluth; Government Records;

  • DULUTH PLAYHOUSE. Records, 1912-1984. 4 ft.
    Newsclippings, programs, reference materials, photographs,
    minutes, blueprints of the Little Theater, scrapbooks, and
    playbills.
    The Duluth Center of the Drama League of America was
    organized in 1912. The Center reorganized in 1926 as the
    Little Theater of Duluth. In 1941 the organization became
    known as the Duluth Playhouse. Duluth's is the oldest
    continuously operating community theater in the United
    States. S3058.
    SUBJECTS: Architecture: theaters; Duluth Center of the Drama
    League of America, organized; Duluth Playhouse, records;

  • DULUTH POSTMASTER. Correspondence, 1915-1933. 0.5 ft.
    Correspondence between two Duluth Postmasters, William E.
    McEwen and Thomas Considine. S2304.
    SUBJECTS: Considine, Thomas, postmaster; Duluth: postmasters;

  • DULUTH PRESERVATION ALLIANCE. Print materials, 1979. 3
    items.
    Poster depicting the home of Mr. D. Clint Prescott, and two
    walking tour guides for downtown Duluth structures and east
    end residences. S2322.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth Preservation Alliance, papers;

  • DULUTH PRESS CLUB. Records, 1886-1887. 21 pages.
    Constitution and minutes of this Duluth organization. S3054.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth Press Club, records;

  • DULUTH. PUBLIC LIBRARY. Records, 1927-1978. 0.25 ft.
    Annual reports containing statistical information, an
    architectural report of the Library building, Board files,
    minutes, photograph collection, and information on the new
    building at 5th Avenue West and Superior Street. S2392.
    SUBJECTS: Architecture: libraries; Duluth: library; City of Duluth; Government Records;

  • DULUTH SKI CLUB. Records, 1908-1985. l.5 ft.
    Club minutes, financial reports, constitution and bylaws,
    correspondence, and other printed material pertaining to
    specific events and tournaments. Also included are a large
    number of photographs and negatives. S3759.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth Ski Club, records;

  • DULUTH-SUPERIOR STEAMSHIP COMPANY. Ledger, 1890-1897. 2
    in.
    One financial ledger of this company which operated at
    Sutphin's Dock in Duluth. S3024.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth-Superior Steamship Co., finances;

  • DULUTH-SUPERIOR SYMPHONY ASSOCIATION. Records, 1925-1981.
    3 ft.
    The Duluth-Superior Symphony Association, formerly the
    Duluth Civic Symphony Association, was formed in 1934.
    Correspondence, minutes, financial records, publicity
    materials, newsclippings, and programs. Also included are
    photographs and scrapbooks belonging to Abe Miller who was
    the manager of the Duluth Symphony for 37 years. S3001.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth-Superior Symphony Association, records;

  • DULUTH-SUPERIOR TRANSIT COMPANY. Records, 1882-1966. 181
    ft. and 15 rolls microfilm.
    Financial records, minutes, reports, microfilmed scrapbooks,
    newsclippings, photographs and reference materials. Most of
    the records are financial in nature and originate from the
    Duluth Street Railway Company.
    The Duluth-Superior Transit Company was the successor of a
    number of Duluth and Superior transit companies, beginning
    with the Duluth Street Railway Company (DSR) in 1882. The
    DSR was bought out by the Duluth-Superior Traction Company
    in 1894, though the DSR continued to operate the system. By
    1917, the DSR had acquired three other lines and merged with
    the Superior Rapid Transit Railway Company in 1920.
    Financial problems forced the reorganization of the transit
    system in 1933, resulting in the establishment of the
    Duluth-Superior Transit Company. The company was
    reorganized again in 1970 as the present Duluth Transit Authority.
    An important part of the collection is the microfilmed
    scrapbooks (1896-1941) representing 105 volumes of
    newsclippings relating to the transit system. Expanded
    scope and content notes and inventory are available. S3020.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth Street Railway Co., records; Duluth-Superior
    Traction Co., records; Duluth-Superior Transit Co.,
    records;

  • DULUTH TENT AND AWNING COMPANY, INC. Ledgers, 1915-1949.
    13 ft.
    The company began operations in 1915 and was sold in 1980.
    The collection consists of 72 financial ledgers. S2405.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth Tent and Awning Co., records;

  • DULUTH THEATERS' CLIPPINGS SCRAPBOOK. Scrapbook, 1902-1904.
    1 vol.
    This scrapbook consists of newspaper clippings of the Duluth
    and Superior area theaters' productions and players. S2443.

  • DULUTH UNION DEPOT AND TRANSFER COMPANY, DULUTH. Records,
    1892-1947. 0.5 ft.
    Correspondence, payroll records, and train accident reports
    of a corporation headquartered in Duluth. Incorporated in
    1889 as the Duluth Union Depot Co., the firm changed its
    name to the Duluth Union Depot and Transfer Co. in 1892.
    S2235.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth Union Depot and Transfer Co., records;

  • DULUTH UNITED METHODIST UNION. Records, 1954-1978. 0.5 in.
    Items relating to the financial and organizational operation
    of the Union contain the names of officers and involved lay
    people. A brief history is a part of these records. S2441.

  • DULUTH WELFARE COUNCIL, DULUTH. Records, 1926-1975. 2.5
    ft.
    Minutes, financial records, studies of various social
    welfare organizations, studies of social services such as
    foster care, aging and shelter workshops, newsclippings, and
    five annual reports of the Duluth Council of Social
    Agencies.
    Originally the Duluth Council of Social Agencies, organized
    in 1926, the name Duluth Welfare Council (DWC) was adopted
    in 1954. Affiliated with the Community Chest until 1962
    followed by the United Fund, the DWC and the United Fund
    merged to form the United Way of Greater Duluth in 1971.
    Inventory available. S2233.
    SUBJECTS: Aged: Care for; Children: care programs; Duluth
    Council of Social Agencies, records; Duluth Welfare
    Council, records;

  • DULUTH WINTER FROLIC. Records, 1926-1928. 3 in.
    Correspondence, press releases, newsclippings, and
    photographs of this annual festival held in Duluth featuring
    a parade, coronation, dances, and sports events. S3157.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth Winter Frolic, records;

  • DULUTH WOMEN'S CLUB. Records, 1936-1976. 0.5 ft.
    Programs, bylaws, invitations, and an essay on the history
    of this club, which was formed to promote civic,
    educational, literary, and welfare work in Duluth. S2373.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth Women's Club, records;

  • DULUTH YACHT CLUB. Records, 1890-1907. 1 in.
    Articles of incorporation, minutes, and newsclippings. The
    club was located on Minnesota Point in Duluth. S3055.
    SUBJECTS: Boats and boating: clubs; Duluth Yacht Club, records;

  • DU LHUT, DANIEL GREYSOLON. Collection, 1679-1978. 1 ft.
    Photocopies of transcriptions from the Public Archives of
    Canada, Archives des Colonie. Also includes newsclippings,
    pamphlets, books, and historical essays dealing with du
    Lhut, and a file of correspondence. S2315.
    SUBJECTS: Du Lhut, Daniel Greysolon;

  • DUNCAN, KENNETH (1889-1972). Scrapbooks, 1953-1970. 7.5
    in.
    Four scrapbooks consisting of correspondence, and
    newsclippings pertaining to Duncan's civic activities.
    S3134.
    SUBJECTS: Duncan, Kenneth, activities;

  • DUNPHY, INO. Letter, 1890. 1 item.
    This letter from Dunphy of Duluth is to Mrs. E. Chambers of
    Fond du Lac, and praises Fond du Lac in song and verse.
    S3684.
    SUBJECTS: Dunphy, Ino, letter; Fond du Lac, poem;

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  • ELECTION MEMORABILIA. Collection, ca. 1896-1970. 8.75 ft.
    Campaign bumper stickers, posters, circulars,
    advertisements, and pamphlets used in Minnesota for local,
    state, and national elections. Also included are
    newsclippings and informational sheets containing election
    results. S2406.
    SUBJECTS: Advertising: Political; Elections: campaigns;

  • ELY, EDMUND FRANKLIN (1809-1882). Papers, 1820-1904, 1927.
    1.5 ft.
    Correspondence (1835-1904), contracts, agreements,
    intermittent journals (1833-1854), and photographs, mostly
    relating to Ely's experiences as a missionary in the Lake
    Superior region. Also included is a diary kept by Catherine
    Ely, his wife, (1835-1839).
    Ely was one of the first English-speaking missionaries to
    settle in northeastern Minnesota. He came to Sandy Lake,
    Minnesota, in 1833, under the auspices of the American Board
    of Foreign Missions. In 1834, he took his teaching to the
    Ojibwe at Leech Lake and then to Fond du Lac. Ely continued
    his missionary post for ten years and then moved his family
    to St. Paul. S3045.
    SUBJECTS: Ely, Edmund Franklin, papers; Ely, Mrs. Edmund F.,
    diary;

  • ELY LAKE. Papers, 1893-1913. 0.33 ft.
    Papers which document the disputed land claims of settlers
    in the vicinity of Ely Lake (formerly known as Cedar Island
    Lake), Fayal Township, St. Louis County. S2417.
    SUBJECTS: Ely Lake, Fayal Township, St. Louis County;

  • ELY SIGHT SAVING SCHOOL. Scrapbook, 1939-1943. 1.5 in.
    Correspondence, newsclippings and photographs of the
    children involved in this program, part of the Duluth Public
    Schools, designed to aid them with their visual problems.
    S3132.
    SUBJECTS: Education: schools for blind; Ely SIght Saving
    School, Duluth;

  • ENSIGN, JOSIAH DAVIS. Papers, 1871-1919. 4 items.
    Three letters and a quit claim deed from 1871. The 1919
    letter from the Minnesota Supreme Court, was carried aboard
    the first airplane to travel from Minneapolis to Duluth.
    Ensign was a Duluth mayor and a district court judge of the
    llth Minnesota Judicial District. S3187.
    SUBJECTS: Airplanes, freight; Ensign, Josiah Davis, papers;

  • ENZMANN, ALBERT O. (1883-1971?). Papers, 1909-1970. 1.5
    in.
    Autobiography (220 pages) written in 1970 profiles life as a
    German immigrant in New York and Minnesota. Also included
    are photographs and a letter. S3099.
    SUBJECTS: Enzmann, Albert O., autobiography;

  • ERAMAAN ORAS MEMORIAL ISSUE. Publication, ca.1938. 19
    pages.
    Eramaan Oras, meaning "desert seedling," was a monthly
    publication of the Society of Enlightenment, later known as
    the Socialist Local. This issue contains historical
    information on the settling of the Brimson-Fairbanks-
    Bassett-Toimi area of Minnesota. S2247.
    SUBJECTS: Bassett, settled; Brimson, settled; Eramaan Oras,
    published; Fairbanks, settled;

  • ERICSON, DAVID. (1869-1946). Letters, 1938-1944. 15 items.
    Correspondence written by Ericson to Mrs. A.B. Hilton and
    one letter from F. Rodney Paine to Hilton about Ericson's
    painting.
    Ericson won many awards for his painting. He studied in New
    York where he worked for Tiffany's, and he later studied in
    Paris under James McNeill Whistler. S3189.
    SUBJECTS: Art and artists: painters; Ericson, David, artist;

  • EVA, HUBERT V. (1869-1971). Papers, 1906-1969. 7 items.
    Includes two speeches and two letters from Eva, an active
    Duluth resident. Colonel Eva was this nation's last
    surviving soldier who had fought American Indians. Colonel
    Eva was in the Minnesota National Guard. In 1893 Col. Eva
    commanded the 3rd Infantry Battalion at Leech Lake, and
    fought in the Spanish-American War. S3168.
    SUBJECTS: Eva, Hubert V., papers;

  • EVELETH. Scrapbook, 1947. 1 in.
    Newsclippings, photographs, and memorabilia pertaining to
    the 50th Anniversary and Homecoming in 1947 of this
    Minnesota town. S3156.
    SUBJECTS: Eveleth: celebrations;

  • EVESMITH, HANSEN. Papers, 1932. 2 in.
    Papers on the history of Mesabi and Vermilion iron range
    mines and mining companies, photographs of mine sites, drill
    holes, equipment and workers, and newsclippings and
    advertisements from the Almar Iron Mining Company. S3167.
    SUBJECTS: Advertising: Mining; Almer Iron Mining Co.,
    advertisements; Evesmith, Hansen, civic leader;

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  • FAMILY HISTORY COLLECTION. 0.5 ft.
    This open collection consists of photostatic copies of
    family history material found in the family Bibles of
    various individuals; includes deeds and genealogical
    information on the Joseph Williams and Nuottimaki (Hill)
    families. S2239.
    SUBJECTS: Family History Collection, papers;

  • FAMILY PLANNING CLINIC, ST. LOUIS COUNTY. Records, ca.
    1965-1974. 1.75 ft.
    Correspondence, annual reports, financial reports, monthly
    clinical statistical reports and educational materials. In
    1970, this organization became affiliated with Planned
    Parenthood and continued to serve the residents of St. Louis
    County. S2353.
    SUBJECTS: Family Planning Clinic, St. Louis County;

  • FAY, GEORGE A. (1849-1928). Papers, 1867-1929. 1 in.
    George A. Fay helped locate the Wisconsin Central Railway
    until 1873, after which he worked on geological surveys in
    Wisconsin. Fay was an engineer and geologist for the Oliver
    Iron Mining Company of Minnesota beginning in 1905.
    Notes, photographs, and newsclippings of Fay's involvement
    in the iron mining industry of Minnesota and Wisconsin.
    S3111.
    SUBJECTS: Fay, George A., miner;

  • FEDERAL WRITER'S PROJECT, DULUTH. Records, 1935-1942. 4
    ft.
    Typewritten manuscripts and notes collected for use in the
    state and region guidebooks. Also included are three
    folders of correspondence, minutes, reference materials, and
    photographs. Of particular interest is the material
    collected on Duluth theater, the Duluth Fire Department, and
    regional ethnicity. S3000.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth Fire Dept.; Federal Writer's Project, Duluth,
    records;

  • FESLER, BERT (1866-1947). Papers, 1937-1943. 2 in.
    Notes taken by Fesler while serving as judge for the 11th
    Judicial District of Minnesota. Also includes an index of
    cases. S2232.
    SUBJECTS: Fesler, Bert, judge;

  • FIRST UNITARIAN CHURCH, DULUTH. Records, 1888-1985. 3 ft.
    The records have been organized into four series:
    administrative, ministerial, social organizations, and
    financial. Also included are photographs and one scrapbook.
    Inventory available. S2445.
    SUBJECTS: First Unitarian Church, Duluth, records;

  • FITGER BREWING COMPANY, DULUTH. Records, 1898-1972. 14 ft.
    and 19 vol.
    This was the oldest continuously operating industry in
    Duluth at the time of its closing in 1972.
    The collection consists of surviving business and
    miscellaneous records spanning its years of operation.
    Consisting largely of accounting records, there are no
    executive office files, minutes, nor annual reports.
    Inventory and expanded history available. S3720.
    SUBJECTS: Brewing industry, companies; Fitger Brewing Co.,
    Duluth, records;

  • FITZGERALD, FRANCIS H. (1880-1965). Photographs, 1920,
    1924-1945. 16 items.
    Sixteen photographs of four east end homes in Duluth for
    which Fitzgerald was the architect. All of the photographs
    appear to be the work of Hugh McKenzie. S3784.
    SUBJECTS: Architecture: houses; Fitzgerald, Francis H.,
    architect;

  • FLAATEN, JENS H. (1870-1922). Papers, 1896-1958. 2.5 in.
    Correspondence, newsclippings, and photographs of family and
    friends. Flaaten was the band director of the 3rd Minnesota
    Regiment, Lyceum Orchestra, the Normanna Chorus, and the
    Orpheus Singing Society, all of Duluth. S3147.
    SUBJECTS: Flaaten, Jens H., band director;

  • FLOODWOOD COOPERATIVE CREAMERY ASSOCIATION. Records, 1932-
    1954. 6 in.
    Personnel lists, lists of wages, costs of office, packing
    and general supplies, and lists of accounts. Also included
    are various formal reports on operations. S3716.
    SUBJECTS: Cooperatives: creameries; Dairy industry:
    cooperatives; Floodwood Cooperative Creamery Association,
    records;

  • FOND DU LAC CATHOLIC INDIAN MISSION, FOND DU LAC (OJIBWE) INDIAN RESERVATION. Records, ca. 1908-1970, 1977. 1 in.
    Included are a short history of this Catholic mission,
    with a census of the church and a listing of the various
    Benedictine fathers who served there; the Fond du Lac Tri-
    Parish Pictorial Directory (1977); also includes twenty-five
    photographs of the mission buildings, congregation, and
    various Benedictine fathers. S2166.
    SUBJECTS: Catholic church, missions; Fond du Lac Reservation:
    mission;

  • FOREST PRESERVATION ADVISORY COMMITTEE. Records, 1925-1936.
    1 in.
    Minutes, correspondence, and Economic Notes volumes which
    present information on the forest fire fighting equipment
    and situation in Minnesota and surrounding states. S3754.
    SUBJECTS: Fires, equipment for fighting; Forest Preservation
    Advisory Committee, records;

  • FOSTER, CHARLES. Photograph Albums, 1921-1939. 6 vol.
    The albums show the utility and power plants of a variety of
    public buildings in Duluth and similar buildings in other
    locations in Minnesota and South Dakota. Foster was a
    consulting engineer in Duluth. List of buildings and power
    plants is available. S2449.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth: buildings; Foster, Charles, engineer;

  • FOSTER, THOMAS (1818-1901) AND FAMILY. Papers, 1852-1874.
    0.5 in.
    Family correspondence and photographs of family members.
    Foster was originally trained as a physician, but later
    became the editor of Duluth's first newspaper The
    Minnesotian. S2343.
    SUBJECTS: Foster, Dr. Thomas, editor;

  • 14TH MINNESOTA VOLUNTEER REGIMENT. Records, 1887-1948. 1.5
    in.
    Newsclippings (1929-1932, 1948) , photographs, scrapbook
    (1887-1889), and two letters (1889, 1930). This regiment
    was organized for combat in Manila Bay during the Spanish-
    American War. S3123.

  • FREGEAU, FRANK. Papers, 1928, 1940. 2 items.
    A letter by Fregeau to Joseph Sellwood and a job
    verification statement by the Duluth South Shore and
    Atlantic Railway Company in Superior, Wisconsin, for whom
    Fregeau worked. Fregeau later became president of Northern
    Cold Storage Company in Duluth. S3632.

  • FRITZEN, JOHN (1897-1985). Manuscript. 2 pages.
    Unpublished manuscript entitled, "The Cunningham-McGinty Gun
    Fight," which describes a gun fight ca. 1926 in the
    Littlefork ranger district. S2270.
    SUBJECTS: Cunningham-McGinty gun fight, described;

  • FRITZEN, JOHN (1897-1985). Papers, 1932-1977. 6 in.
    Correspondence, notes, manuscripts, and biographical
    materials.
    Fritzen served 39 years with the Minnesota Division of
    Forestry and his lumbering notes consist of information
    collected about the early northern Minnesota lumbering
    industry. S3002.

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  • GAU, J.J. Letter, 1871. 1 item.
    Letter from Gau to Clinton Markell of the Duluth City
    Council concerning construction of a dock for the Northern
    Pacific Railroad. S3625.
    SUBJECTS: Docks: for railroads;

  • GAYLORD, PAUL B. Photographs, 1869-1875. 2.75 ft.
    Photographs and glass plate negatives taken and collected by
    Gaylord. They are of various subjects around the Duluth area
    and include Fond du Lac and Oneota. S2395.
    SUBJECTS: Fond du Lac, photographs;

  • GENERAL HIGHWAY MAPS - NORTHEAST MINNESOTA. ca. 1965.
    1.25 ft.
    Printed highway maps issued by Minnesota Department of
    Highways covering Carlton, Cook, Lake, and St. Louis
    counties. S2226. See also related sections of General Map
    Collection S3150.
    SUBJECTS: Carlton County: maps; Cook County: maps;

  • GENERAL HISTORICAL PHOTOGRAPH COLLECTION. ca. 1869-. 70 ft.
    Compiled over many years by the St. Louis County Historical
    Society, this photograph collection is the largest visual
    record of Northern Minnesota outside the State Historical
    Society. Documenting the beginnings and development of
    Duluth and the Arrowhead region, it spans the time of the
    Ojibwe Indian settlement to the present. The collection is
    arranged by broad subject categories. Inventory available.
    S2386.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth: photographs;

  • GIARDAHL, OLGA. Composition notebooks, 1903, 1907. 2 vol.
    Poetry, essays, songs, class notes, multiplication tables,
    arithmetic problems, and drawings of leaves. Volume 1 was
    done while she was a student at Twin Valley, Minnesota,
    volume 2 was done while she was a student in Duluth.
    S2213.
    SUBJECTS: Education: student notebooks;

  • GILLESPIE, MALCOLM. Photographs. 1.25 ft.
    Glass plates of doctors, clinics, hospitals, nurses, and the
    St. Louis County Medical Society. Gillespie was a physician
    and surgeon in Duluth. S2419.

  • GILOMAN, JOHN. Papers, 1851-1874. 3 items.
    A passport from Scheunenberg, Switzerland, original in
    German, typed copy in English, and a homestead certificate
    from Duluth. S3171.

  • GLEN AVON PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH, DULUTH. Records, 1898-1973.
    5 ft.
    Correspondence, church event booklets, weekly bulletins,
    newsclippings, and photographs. S3131.

  • GOLDFINE FAMILY COLLECTION. Papers, 1920-1977. 2.5 ft.
    Family and business papers, photographs and newsclippings of
    this prominent Duluth family. Inventory available. S2317.

  • GROSELINE, TRUMAN. Photographs, 1908-1919. 0.5 ft.
    Groseline, a photographer from Kansas City, took these
    photographs while on vacation at Partridge Lake, now called
    Colby Lake, which is located in the Aurora-Hoyt Lakes,
    Minnesota area. S2221.
    SUBJECTS: Colby Lake, St. Louis County, photographs;

  • GRAHEK PHOTOGRAPH COLLECTION. Photographs, 1937. 9 items.
    Nine photographs of Grahek and the Civilian Conservation
    Corps camp #1751 located at Two Harbors, Minnesota. S3771.
    SUBJECTS: Civilian Conservation Corps: camp;

  • GRAND ARMY OF THE REPUBLIC, DULUTH. Records, 1864-1934. 4
    ft.
    Correspondence, minutes, financial and membership records,
    service certificates, reference materials, photographs, and
    blueprints of the three Duluth G.A.R. organizations.
    Inventory available. S3017.

  • GRAY, JOHN. Papers, 1861-1874. 2 items.
    The Company C army commissary book for 1861-1864, listing
    food items, work details with soldiers' names, sick lists,
    passes issued, and expenses. Also included is a notice of
    assessment for property in Duluth. S3648.
    SUBJECTS: Civil War: commissary book;

  • GREAT LAKES - ST. LAWRENCE ASSOCIATION, WASHINGTON D.C.
    Records, 1952. 6 items.
    Letter, memo, and program draft from this organization
    formed in 1949 to lobby for the construction of the St.
    Lawrence Seaway. The third major national organization
    formed to lobby for this project, it was preceded by the
    Great Lakes-St. Lawrence Tidewater Association (1919-1939)
    and the National St. Lawrence Association (1944-1949).
    S2434.

  • GREAT LAKES - ST. LAWRENCE TIDEWATER ASSOCIATION, DULUTH.
    Records, 1900-1942. 39 ft.
    Correspondence, pamphlets, publications, minutes, press
    releases, one photograph, newsclippings, articles, maps and
    reference materials. The records reflect the entire history
    of the Seaway movement. The correspondence includes letters
    from Herbert Hoover, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and various
    state governors. Inventory available. S3040.
    SUBJECTS: Barnes, Julius Howland, businessman;

  • GREEN, WALTER JOSS (1865-1932). Papers, 1858, 1888-1904.
    13 items.
    Business letters, a government civil service form, and
    citizenship papers for Green who was a ship's captain
    operating a ferry between Duluth and Superior, and other
    vessels. S3170.

  • GRIGGS, RICHARD LESLIE (1886-1987). Papers, 1906-1979. 4.5
    ft.
    This collection contains only a faint reflection of the life
    and varied pursuits of this active Duluth resident. Griggs
    was a self-made man of diverse business and charitable
    interests and was a regent of the University of Minnesota.
    Inventory available. S3737.

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  • HALL, SHERMAN (1800-1879). Letters, 1831-33. 1 in.
    Photocopies of letters written by Hall who was a
    Congregational clergyman and missionary. He established a
    mission of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign
    Missions in 1831 at La Pointe, Wisconsin, a fur trading post
    located on Madeline Island in Lake Superior. Hall learned
    Ojibwe and translated the New Testament. S3097. See also
    372, Northwest Mission Papers, for additional correspondence
    of Sherman Hall.
    SUBJECTS: Chippewa Indians: missions; Ojibwe: missions;

  • HALVORSON, ROY. Film. 1 reel. n.d.
    As the owner of a large Christmas tree farm, Halvorson made
    this home movie describing the family business of growing
    and cutting Christmas trees. S2399.
    SUBJECTS: Agriculture: Tree Farms; Christmas: trees; Films:
    of tree farm;

  • HARBORS: DULUTH-SUPERIOR. Scrapbook, 1901-1933. 4.5 in.
    Newsclippings about the proposed changes in the Duluth-
    Superior Harbor in the early 1900's. S3141.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth: harbor;

  • HARGRAVE, ROGER J. (1911-1980). Papers, ca. 1911-1980. 1.5
    ft., and 1 roll microfilm.
    Dr. Hargrave taught political science at the Duluth State
    Teacher's College in the late 1940's. In 1946 he became
    active in the Democratic Farmer Labor party. Active in the
    DFL campaign of John A. Blatnik, Hargrave ultimately went to
    Washington, D.C. as Blatnik's legislative assistant and
    speech writer for eight years. Hargrave returned to Duluth
    in 1954 and practiced law until 1980.
    The collection contains teaching materials, dissertation,
    copies of Blatnik speeches (1947-1948) to the 80th congress
    and radio, and microfilm of scrapbooks (1911-1980), compiled
    by Ann Hargrave and filmed at Brandeis University. S2448.
    SUBJECTS: Education: teaching materials;

  • HARRIS, KATE W. Papers, 1897-1957. 14 items.
    A letter from Harris to Jennie S.S. Richardson, concerning
    her story of a trip in a birchbark canoe from Burntside
    Lake, near Ely, Minnesota, to Lake Agnes, in Cook County.
    Also included are eight photographs and other letters about
    the trip. S3626.
    SUBJECTS: Canoeing: trip records; Description and travel, trips
    described;

  • HARTLEY, CAVOUR (1891-1986). Reminiscence, ca. 1978. 4
    pages.
    A four page description written by Dr. William Coventry of
    the subjects covered in the taped Hartley reminiscence. See
    451(S2250, no.51). S2267.
    SUBJECTS: Coventry, Dr. William D., author;

  • HARTLEY, GUILFORD G. (1853-1922). Letter, 1894. 1 item.
    Letter to Hartley from James J. Hill concerning a bridge
    over the St. Louis River. Hartley was a Duluth
    industrialist and active in developing the Western Mesabi
    Range. S3655.
    SUBJECTS: Bridges: proposed;

  • HAZOMIR CHORAL SOCIETY. Records, 1934-1941. 87 items.
    Minutes and constitution of this Duluth organization formed
    to foster and promote the development of Hebrew and Jewish
    music. S2411.

  • HEAD OF THE LAKES COUNCIL OF GOVERNMENTS. Records, 1968-
    1971. 1 in.
    Correspondence, minutes, bylaws, and reports. Also included
    is one map produced by the Council indicating projected land
    usage of the Duluth area. S2276.

  • HEALTH SYSTEMS AGENCY OF WESTERN LAKE SUPERIOR. Records,
    1977-1986. 1.25 ft.
    Created to guide the development of health services for
    Northeast Minnesota and Northwest Wisconsin, this Agency
    collection consists of one former board member's files,
    including bylaws, minutes (1981-1983), memoranda, plans,
    budgets, project review manual (1979-1980), brochures,
    newsletters. Inventory available. S3770.

  • HEARDING FAMILY COLLECTION. Papers, 1861-1977. 1.5 ft.
    The Heardings were involved in the mining industry on the
    Mesabi Iron Range. Correspondence of William Hellins
    Hearding (1826-1893) pertains mainly to World Wars I and II;
    also included are two diaries. John Harris Hearding, Sr.
    (1865-1958) was superintendent of the Adams Mine in Eveleth
    and was assistant general manager of the Oliver Iron Mining
    Company. His son John Harris Hearding, Jr. (1899-1984), was
    general superintendent of Oliver Iron Mining Company's
    activities on the western Mesabi Range and was later general
    manager of Minnesota operations. The files of John H., Jr.
    consist of correspondence and printed material relating to
    the St. Louis County Historical Society. S3672.

  • HEARDING, WILLIAM HELLINS. (1826-1893). Journal, 1855-91.
    1 vol., 1 roll of microfilm.
    A journal containing copies of letters, reports, statistical
    data and information relating to Hearding's career,
    including surveys of the Great Lakes. S2354.

  • HENRY, COL. WILLIAM F. (1863-1937). Scrapbook, 1912-1922.
    2 in.
    Correspondence and newsclippings of this active Duluth
    resident who was general manager of The Duluth Herald, and
    the Duluth News-Tribune for 45 years and acting postmaster
    from 1918-1920. S3148.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth News Tribune: manager;

  • HIGGINS, REV. WILLIAM. Diary, 1869. 1 vol.
    A diary for 1869 written by Higgins, a Presbyterian
    minister in Superior, Wisconsin. S3165.

  • HIGHLAND IMPROVEMENT COMPANY. Records, 1889. 3 items.
    A list of property purchases, a letterhead , and a letter
    from the Minneapolis Street Railway Company. This company
    operated in Duluth buying and selling property. S3169.

  • HILDING, ANDERSON C. (1892-1977) Papers, ca. 1934-1973. 6
    in.
    Collection consists of bibliographies of Hilding's
    publications and reprints. Hilding was a Duluth area
    physician and medical researcher. S2384.

  • HISTORICAL DOCUMENTATION REGARDING AGE OF PITS, DUMPS, AND TAILINGS AREAS; MESABI IRON RANGE, MINNESOTA. Records,
    1980. 1 ft.
    Final report, research files, and raw data from a study
    prepared by the St. Louis County Historical Society for the
    Bureau of Mines. This project, initiated by the Twin Cities
    Mining Research Center, inventoried the pits, dumps, and
    tailings basins of the Mesabi Range to determine the ages
    and locations of these topographic features. S2347.

  • HISTORICAL PHOTOGRAPH ALBUM COLLECTION. 47 vol., 1867-.
    8.75 ft.
    Photograph albums catalogued by broad subjects: Duluth,
    cities, clubs and organizations, World War I, mining,
    shipping, and people. S2396.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth: photographs;

  • HISTORIC RESOURCES INVENTORY OF THE FOND DU LAC RESERVATION OF CARLTON AND ST. LOUIS COUNTIES. Records, 1980. 182
    pages.
    A report compiled for Beck and Assoc., Inc., of Duluth by
    Barbara Sommer. The report identifies historic sites on the
    Fond du Lac Reservation. Also included is an index to the
    interviews conducted by Frank Whitebird and Mike Shabaiash
    which were recorded as part of the Historic Inventory.
    S2377.
    SUBJECTS: Beck and Assoc., Inc., Duluth, project; Fond du Lac
    Reservation: historic resources;

  • HOLLISTER, ELVERA OLSON (1904- ). Manuscript, ca. 1972.
    91 pages.
    This unpublished manuscript, entitled "Jackpine Ridge,"
    describes the experiences of Charles Olson and his family
    after he emigrated from Sweden in 1888. It details family
    history through 1918 as they moved to Northern Minnesota,
    near Warroad in Roseau County. S2218.
    RESTRICTED. Literary rights withheld.

  • HOME CULTURE CLUB OF DULUTH. Records, 1897-1917. 35 items.
    Annual programs containing membership lists, dates and
    topics of discussion. This club was organized to heighten
    its members' cultural and intellectual knowledge. S2409.

  • HOOVER, ROY O. (1926- ). Manuscript, 1978. 16 pages.
    Unpublished manuscript entitled, "Leonidas Merritt and the
    Braden Bill." This paper was delivered by Dr. Hoover at the
    1978 Annual Meeting of the Minnesota Historical Society.
    S2271.

  • HOTEL DULUTH. Records, ca. 1952-1980. 0.5 in.
    Letterheads, proofs for brochures, proofs for logos, one
    floor plan of the ballroom, photographs and a program from a
    fashion show in 1952. Also included are six photographs of
    the windows of the former Black Bear Lounge in the Hotel.
    S2454.

  • HOTEL DULUTH. Photographs. 6 in.
    Interior photographs of rooms and hallways, and exterior
    photographs of the Hotel. S2359.

  • HUDSON'S BAY COMPANY. Records, 1858-1887. 1 in.
    Includes correspondence, receipts, lists of HBC property,
    inventory records, record of Indian annuity--Long Lake
    District, and a record indicating Indian transactions.
    S2433.

  • HUGO, MARY. Manuscript, 1970. 93 pages.
    This unpublished manuscript, entitled "75 Years Later," is a
    history of the Hugo family. S2285.

  • HUGO, TREVANION W. (1849-1923). Papers, 1899-1923. 1 in.
    Election materials, mayoral business, personal and business
    correspondence, speeches, articles and letters by Hugo, and
    material on social activities. Hugo, a prominent Duluthian,
    was elected mayor in 1900. S3166.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth: mayors; Elections: campaigns;

  • HUMAN RESOURCES PLANNING COALITION OF GREATER DULUTH, INC.
    Records, 1964-1973. 3 in.
    This coalition grew out of the 1969 United Fund (now the
    United Way) and Duluth Welfare Council sponsored study of
    health and welfare services. Included are the files kept by
    the Chair of the Community Services Survey Committee,
    minutes, correspondence, articles of incorporation and
    bylaws, and reports from various other committees.
    S3723.

  • HUNTER, JOHN C. (1830-1897). Papers, 1879-1880. 0.25 in.
    Hunter was a prominent Duluth resident who organized the
    Duluth Savings Bank. Included are writs of attachment and
    bonds in attachment between John C. Hunter, plaintiff, and
    William B. Frue, defendant. S3671.

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  • ICIEK, STANISLAUS A. (1882-?). Papers, 1922. 1 item.
    Iciek's military record giving both U.S. and Polish service
    information. Iciek was pastor at Duluth St. Mary's of the
    Sea Catholic Church. S3656.

  • IHME, DAVID HOWARD. Papers, 1976-1980. 0.25 in.
    Service records from the U.S. Air Force, Minnesota Air
    National Guard, of Sgt. 1 SRA David Howard Ihme. S2283.
    RESTRICTED. Access restricted until January 1, 1999.

  • INDEPENDENT ORDER OF ODD FELLOWS, DULUTH. Records, 1884-
    1958. 1.5 ft.
    Bylaws and directory of Canton North Star No. 14, membership
    lists of the Duluth Lodge No. 28 and Central Link Lodge No.
    175. Also included are Lodge No. 28's minutes, roll call,
    and correspondence. S3070.

  • INDEPENDENT REPUBLICAN PARTY, MINNESOTA BRANCH. Records,
    1938-1978. 3.75 ft.
    Administrative records, campaign material, subject files,
    publications and newsclippings primarily of the 59th, 60th,
    61st, 62nd, and 63rd legislative districts; also the 9th
    state senate district, St. Louis County, and a small
    amount of material on state and national politics.
    Inventory available. S2289.
    SUBJECTS: Elections: campaigns;

  • INDIAN TRADE LICENSES. 1766-1790. 2 in.
    Abstracts (1767-1776), photocopies, and related materials of
    licenses issued to Canadian fur traders under both French
    and British regimes. Originals in the Canadian Archives in
    Ottawa. Also included are lists of Indian trade licenses
    (1778-1790). S3104.

  • INMAN, BYRON (1849-1903) AND FAMILY. Papers, 1876-1968.
    7.5 in.
    Correspondence, newsclippings, photographs, sketchbook, and
    five scrapbooks. Capt. Byron Inman, founder of the Inman
    Tug Line in 1885, invented the ice breaking boat (1897).
    S3106.

  • INSURANCE SERVICE AGENCY. Records, 1904-1978. 2 in.
    ISA began in 1886 in the Little & Nolte real estate and
    insurance business in Duluth. It merged with John A.
    Stephenson in 1912 and became ISA. This collection consists
    of items which name some of the principle people and changes
    within the ISA over the last fifty years. Also included are
    correspondence, financial statements, photographs, and
    newsclippings. S3777.

  • INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE, DULUTH. Records, 1926-1963. 2.5
    ft.
    Correspondence, reference materials, photographs, minutes,
    and bulletins of this organization formed to assist
    immigrants and to study and act upon legislation affecting
    the foreign born. Most of the records concern the annual
    Duluth Folk Festival. S3014.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth Folk Festival, records;

  • INTERNATIONAL LONGSHOREMEN'S ASSOCIATION, DULUTH-SUPERIOR AREA LOCALS. Records, 1916-1972. 2 in.
    Constitutions and bylaws, labor agreements, safety manuals,
    and newsclippings of several local chapters of the ILA.
    S2427.

  • INTERNATIONAL UNION OF OPERATING ENGINEERS, LOCAL 516.
    Records, 1945-1967. 1.25 ft.
    Correspondence, drafts of contracts with various firms, and
    miscellaneous notes regarding collective bargaining. S2375.
    SUBJECTS: Engineers: unions;

  • IRON MINING PHOTOGRAPHS. 1880's-1907. 59 items.
    The photographs in this collection are arranged in folders
    identified by Mesabi, Vermilion, or unidentified ranges.
    Some prints have specific mine information. S3779.

  • IRON RANGE SCHOOLS, MINNESOTA. Records, 1909-1922. 0.25
    ft.
    Correspondence, photographs, data sheets and other financial
    information on public schools, newsclippings, and
    architectural records. Also included is information about
    the "Gary School System." S2416.
    SUBJECTS: Architecture: school buildings; Education: schools;

  • ISLE ROYALE COMMERCIAL FISHING. Oral History Project, 1980.
    11 hours.
    Fifteen tapes of conversation with three Isle Royale
    commercial fishing people covering various topics on
    commerical fishing. S2457.
    RESTRICTED IN PART.
    SUBJECTS: Fishing: commercial;

  • IZAAK WALTON LEAGUE SCRAPBOOK. ca. 1933-1942. 1 vol.
    One scrapbook containing clippings and papers organized into
    sections: conservation, conventions, Junior Walton, Bass
    Pond, Shipstead-Nolan, forestry, and CCC. This group was
    formed for the purpose of protecting and restoring America's
    woods, waters, and wildlife. S3715.
    SUBJECTS: Civilian Conservation Corps: clippings; Conservation,
    organizations; Forests: resource management;


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  • JACKSON, PEG. Lecture, 1979. 45 min.
    Address entitled, "The Fur Trader in Literature," presented
    at the conference "A Rendezvous With History." S2349.

  • JACKSON, UNO. Photographs, ca. 1870-1920. 2 in.
    Photographs of the Jackson family taken in photo studios in
    Duluth, Minnesota; West Superior, Wisconsin; and Anaconda,
    Montana. Includes a few notes in Swedish. S2242.

  • JEFFERSON, ROBERT EMMENT (ca. 1835-1861). Papers, 1837-
    1870. 0.25 in.
    Deeds and quit claims belonging to this Duluth resident who
    built the first frame building on Minnesota Point in 1857.
    He enlisted in the 13th Kansas Volunteers after he heard,
    mistakenly, that his enlisted brother had died at
    Gettysburg. He died of camp fever a few months later.
    S3164.
    SUBJECTS: Civil War: casualties;

  • JOHNSON, ALBERTINE (1886-1984). Oral History, 1977-1978.
    3.5 hours.
    Interview describing Johnson's early childhood in Norway,
    her immigrant experiences from 1917 to 1925, and her
    experiences from 1921 to the present in Thomson, Carlton
    County and Duluth. See related collections 274, 276.
    S2319.

  • JOHNSON, CHARLES FREDERICK (1843-1896) AND FAMILY. Papers,
    1853-1956. 1.25 ft.
    Correspondence, photographs, scrapbooks, notebooks,
    sketches, newsclippings and other reference materials. Most
    of the material concerns Emeline (Johnson) Hilton, daughter
    of Charles Johnson. Inventory available. S3043.

  • JOHNSON, COLETTE. Manuscript, 1979. 35 pages.
    Unpublished manuscript entitled, "The Mesabi Iron Range
    Steelworkers' Union: Democracy or Dictatorship?" The paper
    was written for a graduate history course. S2323.

  • JOHNSON GENEALOGY. Manuscript, 1751-1986. 1 vol.
    A manuscript containing charts and photographs of lines and
    family members as well as maps indicating the regions
    pivotal to the family. Rudolph and Solveig Johnson are
    Duluthians who emigrated from northern Norway. The family
    history traces the Porsanger, Arneng, Langfjord, and Haugnes
    lines. S3788. See related collections 271, 276.

  • JOHNSON, HARVEY (1909-1929). Collection, 1929-1930. 7
    items.
    Newsclippings and letters concerning Johnson's death which
    occurred off the coast of Egypt. He was employed as a seaman
    for the Roosevelt Steamship Company and he fell overboard.
    One of the letters suggests that his death was due to the
    negligence of the ship's captain. S2261.

  • JOHNSON, IVA. Manuscript, 1978. 10 pages.
    Unpublished manuscript entitled, "Albertine Johnson,"
    describes life in Norway. Albertine's granddaughter, Iva,
    wrote this paper for a Sociology class at University of
    Minnesota, Duluth. S2328. See related collections 271,
    274.

  • JOHNSON, JOHN P. (1851-1935). Papers, 1901-1935. 2.5 in.
    Business correspondence, newsclippings of personal life and
    friends, photographs, and one scrapbook. Johnson had a
    public service career which included county treasurer in
    1880 and clerk of district court from 1900 to his death.
    S3126.
    SUBJECTS: Courts: clerks of district;

  • JOINT COMMITTEE OF CIVIC ORGANIZATIONS FOR STEEL BASE.
    Records, 1906-1924. 8 in.
    Correspondence, legal materials, newsclippings, and
    pamphlets. The committee was formed in 1918 to stop steel
    manufacturers from fixing steel prices based on prices in
    Pittsburgh. This system, termed "Pittsburgh Plus", was
    attacked by many steel centers, notably Chicago, Birmingham
    and Duluth. The Federal Trade Commission abolished the
    practice in 1924. S3016.

  • JOINT INTERSTATE BRIDGE COMMISSION. Records, 1933-1958,
    1971. 5 in.
    Correspondence, minutes, reference materials, contracts,
    maps, blueprints and newsclippings. This commission was a
    body of Minnesota and Wisconsin legislators organized to
    study means of financing a toll-free bridge between Duluth
    and Superior. The Blatnik (or High) Bridge was opened in
    1961. Also included is material concerning earlier bridge
    and tunnel proposals. S3109.
    SUBJECTS: Architecture: bridges; Blatnik (High) Bridge, built;
    Bridges: Duluth-Superior;

  • JOURNEYMEN, BARBERS, HAIRDRESSERS, AND COSMETOLOGISTS INTERNATIONAL UNION OF AMERICA, LOCAL NUMBER 67, DULUTH.
    Records, 1902-1968. 3.75 ft.
    Minutes, ledgers, journals, publications, and miscellaneous
    reports of this St. Louis County union. S2307.
    SUBJECTS: Barbers, union; Cosmetologists, union;

  • JUNIOR LEAGUE OF DULUTH. Records, 1922-. 10.5 ft.
    This open collection is arranged by series: administration,
    training, finance, and publications. The Duluth chapter
    fosters among its members an interest in the social,
    economic, and educational conditions in Duluth to promote
    efficient volunteer service. Inventory available. S3155.

  • JUNKER, CHARLOTTE V. Papers, ca. 1955. 56 items.
    Lessons developed by a Duluth elementary school teacher to
    provide her fourth grade pupils with materials to be used in
    their study of the early history of Duluth. The lessons
    cover Sieur Du Lhut, Lake Superior transportation, first
    trading post in Duluth, and many other topics. S2414.
    SUBJECTS: Du Lhut, Daniel Greysolon; Education: teaching
    materials;

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  • KAMPHAUS, WALTER. Photographs, ca. 1930-1950. 53 items.
    Several 8x10 contact sheets of 4x6 negatives. Subjects
    include scenes and events in recent Duluth history, parades,
    Fond du Lac dam, Miller Creek, various residences, and
    others. Kamphaus is an amateur photographer who loaned some
    of his negatives for copying. S3757.
    SUBJECTS: Dams, photographs; Duluth: photographs; Fond du
    Lac, dam;

  • KDAL RADIO AND TELEVISION, DULUTH. Records, 1943-1968.
    2.75 ft.
    Radio and TV scripts, photographs, and one sound recording.
    The scripts were written by Gil Fawcett about local history
    events. Inventory available. S3117.
    SUBJECTS: Fawcett, Gil, script writer;

  • KEMPINSKI, STANISLAUS J. (1878-1976). Papers, 1865-
    1903. 3 items.
    Navy Service Certificate; Petty Officer's Appointment; one
    photograph album of 35 cyanotypes of the ships Lancaster,
    Massachusetts, Spanish ship Reine Menceides, and sailors.
    From Germany, Kempinski sailed on the Monongahela during the
    Spanish-American War. S3172.

  • KILLORIN CONSTRUCTION COMPANY. Records, ca. 1902-1943. 1
    vol.
    Articles of incorporation, minutes of the board of directors
    and minutes of stockholders meetings. The purpose of this
    Duluth-based corporation was buying, improving, and selling
    property. S2264.
    SUBJECTS: Construction industry: companies;

  • KIMBALL, JEREMIAH (1841-1926) AND FAMILY. Papers, 1856-
    1935. 0.25 in.
    Letters, certificates, awards, religious and social
    materials, family papers, and memorials.
    Kimball came to Duluth in 1869, homesteaded here in 1877.
    Active in the Congregational church, he went to Huron, South
    Dakota as a missionary. He returned to Duluth in 1900, and
    was founder and decon in the Pilgrim Congregational Church.
    S3162.
    SUBJECTS: Congregational church, Duluth;

  • KING, FRANKLIN ALEXANDER (1923-1985). Papers, 1884-1967.
    4.5 ft.
    Materials on Duluth & Iron Range; Duluth, Missabe &
    Northern; and Duluth, Missabe & Iron Range railroads.
    Photographs, written records, equipment diagrams, and
    employee timetables. King was a researcher in the history
    of railroading in northern Minnesota for many years and in
    1972, received the President's Award for railroad history
    from the St. Louis County Historical Society for his book
    The Missabi Road: The Duluth, Missabe and Iron Range
    Railway. King retired as senior industrial engineer for
    the DM&IR after 40 years of service. Inventory available.
    S3742. Approximately 18 linear feet not yet cataloged.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth and Iron Range Railroad: operations; Duluth,
    Missabe, and Iron Range Railroad: history; Duluth,
    Missabe, and Northern Railroad: operations;

  • KING'S DAUGHTERS. Records, ca. 1913-1922. 4 vol.
    One scrapbook of newsclippings and brochures divided
    alphabetically by name of committee; three books of minutes,
    and the constitution and bylaws. A service organization
    which later melded with the Duluth Junior League, King's
    Daughters operated the first day care in Duluth. S3177.
    SUBJECTS: Children: care programs;

  • KJELLIN & BORGSTROM LETTER. ca. 1890. 1 item.
    The second page of a business letter, written in Swedish,
    which describes a property exchange. The firm is a Duluth
    based real estate, lending, and insurance business. S2248.

  • KLEIN, TOM, AND EDGAR S. OERICHBAUER. Lectures. 1979. 45
    min.
    Klein's address, "Cultural/Economic Origins: Wisconsin's
    Voyageur Era" and Oerichbauer's untitled address which dealt
    with an archaeological dig on the Yellow River, were
    presented at the conference, "A Rendezvous With History."
    S2349.
    SUBJECTS: Archeology: digs;

  • KNIGHTS TEMPLAR, DULUTH. Records, 1887, 1892. 8 items.
    Constitution and bylaws, membership list, and official
    program from the Seventieth Annual Conclave of the Grand
    Commandery Knights Templar of Minnesota held in Duluth in
    1935. S3073.

  • KNOWLTON, FREDERICK. Papers, 1898-1914. 5 items.
    Company share certificates, land abstracts, and a letter
    from the register of deeds. S3190.

  • KNOWLTON, PERLEY S. (1871-1952). Papers, 1894-1942. 0.5
    in.
    Personal letters, business materials, shareholders
    certificates, annual financial statements for the Duluth Van
    and Storage Co., bills, and business agreements. S3174.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth Van and Storage Co., finances;

  • KNOWLTON, RALPH S. Papers, 1931-1963. 5 items.
    Night school certificate, father's (Perley Knowlton) death
    certificate, business papers, notary public appointment
    certificate, and an article on the Duluth harbor. S3173.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth: harbor; Education: night school;

  • KODIVRIM KLUB. Records, 1919-1921. 49 items.
    Minutes of a social and study club organized by Duluth area
    Jews. S2410.

  • KOVACOVIC, MILAN. Lecture, 1979. 45 min.
    Address entitled, "Attitudes and Values of the Early French
    Explorer," dealt with the work and life of the French
    explorers who travelled by canoe from Montreal to the
    western Lake Superior region. Presented at the conference,
    " A Rendezvous With History." S2349.
    SUBJECTS: Exploration, French;

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  • LAKE SUPERIOR ASSOCIATION OF COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES.
    Records, ca. 1972-1978. 1.25 ft.
    Board minutes, correspondence, reports, and committee and
    interinstitutional minutes. The purpose of this association
    is to promote interinstitutional cooperation. S2310.
    SUBJECTS: Education: post-secondary;

  • LAKE SUPERIOR: THE NORTH SHORE COMMERCIAL FISHING INDUSTRY.
    Oral History Project, 1977. 11 Participants, approx. 15
    hours, 264 pages of transcripts.
    These interviews concern the history of commercial fishing
    on the Minnesota north shore of Lake Superior. The
    narrators comment on fishing industry finance, women in the
    industry, fishing equipment, boatbuilding, the effects of
    weather on Great Lakes fishing, clothing, and the history of
    individual fishing businesses. The interviews were
    conducted by Barbara J. Sommer, Northeast Minnesota
    Historical Center, University of Minnesota, Duluth. S2207.
    SUBJECTS: Boats and boating: built; Clothing: for fishing;
    Fishing: commercial;

  • LAKESIDE-LESTER PARK GOLDEN AGE CLUB. Records, 1954-1980.
    4 in.
    Four minutes books, a two page history of the club, and two
    photographs of the members dated April 30, 1954. This was
    the first club of its kind for people over 65 in the city of
    Duluth. S3722.
    SUBJECTS: Aged: Organizations;

  • LaLIBERTE, HENRY (1885-1963). Papers, 1925-1963. 1.5 ft.
    Correspondence, financial statements, newsclippings, and
    published and unpublished reference materials, all
    concerning the activities of Great Lakes-St. Lawrence
    Association. S3037.
    SUBJECTS: Barnes, Julius Howland, businessman;

  • LAMARIE, JOHN BAPTISE. License, 1845. 1 item.
    One copy of a license to trade with Indians at Fond du Lac,
    Minnesota, given by the sub-agency of La Pointe, Wisconsin,
    part of the American Fur Company. S3600. See related
    collection 258.
    SUBJECTS: American Fur Company: licenses;

  • LANDOI, JOSEPH. Letter, 1859. 1 item.
    One letter from Landoi at Fond du Lac to his father
    concerning Francis Roussain and his wife. S3683.

  • LARSON, OSCAR J. (1871-1957). Papers, 1920-1938. 0.25 in.
    Born in Finland, he came to Duluth in 1908. His interests
    in Italian-American relations earned him the Royal Crown of
    Italy, the highest decoration awarded by that country to a
    non-Italian. He was also made a knight of the 1st rank in
    the Order of the White Rose of Finland. Congressional
    campaign materials, speeches, invitations, newsclippings, a
    congressional report, and photographs. Larson was a
    representative for the 8th district in Duluth, and a friend
    of Presidents Hoover and Theodore Roosevelt. S3160.
    SUBJECTS: Elections: campaigns;

  • LaRUE, WILLIAM G. Letterpress books, 1898-1916. 1.75 ft.
    Thirteen letterpress books depicting LaRue's business
    activities. Included in the books are descriptions and
    survey information of various mining lands, especially on
    the Minnesota iron range. LaRue was a Duluth businessman
    involved in quartz and ore mining in the northern Midwest.
    S3038.

  • LATHERS, AUSTIN L. (1879-1966). Papers, 1907-1961. 2.5 ft.
    Records of personal investments and businesses,
    correspondence, law practice papers, and journals from his
    rental properties. Lathers was a Duluth attorney and was an
    active member of many civic organizations. S2444.

  • LATHERS, EFFIE. Papers, 1932-1958. 3 in.
    Effie (Mrs. Austin) Lathers was a past president of the
    Minnesota Congress of Parents and Teachers and much of this
    collection pertains to that organization. She was very
    active in many Duluth civic organizations. S3719.
    SUBJECTS: Education: organizations;

  • LEAGUE OF WOMEN VOTERS OF DULUTH. Records, ca. 1924-. 18
    ft.
    Minutes, annual reports, scrapbooks, and study materials
    dating from the founding of this chapter of the national
    organization. Inventory available. S2201.

  • LEHTO, ARLENE (1941- ). Papers, ca. 1971-1975. 0.5 ft.
    Policy plans, minutes, agenda resolutions, correspondence,
    and project reports from the Save Lake Superior Association
    for which Lehto was the executive director and executive
    secretary. S2361. See also related collections 583, 312,
    429, 464. Approximately ten linear feet not yet cataloged
    relate to Lehto's campaigns for and work in the Minnesota
    House of Representatives, DFL District 8A, 1976.
    SUBJECTS: Democratic-Farmer-Labor party, members; Elections:
    campaigns;

  • LEONARD IRON MINING COMPANY. Timebook, ca. 1900. 1 item.
    (9 pages).
    One time book listing the workers, their time, and their
    pay. Leonard Iron Mining Company operated in Eveleth,
    Minnesota. S3640.

  • LEWIS, SINCLAIR (1885-1951). Letters, 1944-1946. 0.25 in.
    Correspondence between Lewis and his sales agent, Kenneth S.
    Cant of Duluth. Letters concern Lewis's rental and purchase
    of the Webber home at 2601 East 2nd Street. Also included
    are letters from Lewis concerning personal and literary
    matters. Lewis, American novelist and recipient of the
    Nobel prize, returned to Minnesota in 1945 to Duluth,
    staying one year. S3611.
    SUBJECTS: Cant, Kenneth S., realtor;

  • LIND, ALDEN. Papers, 1972-1979. 10 ft.
    Reports, correspondence, court materials, and exhibits
    related to the Reserve Mining Company controversy, which
    centered around a dispute with this company's policy of
    discharging taconite tailings into Lake Superior. Lind was
    an environmental consultant for the Save Lake Superior
    Association. Inventory available. S2385. See also related
    collections 309, 429, 464.

  • LIND, DANIEL. Account Book, 1917. 1 roll microfilm.
    Account book of a Lake Superior fisherman who worked from a
    base at Good Harbor Bay, Cook County, Minnesota, and shipped
    fish throughout the Midwest and Montana. Included in the
    book are dates of order and shipment, the names of railroads
    on which the fish were shipped, and a number of notations on
    the type of fish shipped. S2202.
    SUBJECTS: Fishing: commercial;

  • LITHOGRAPHIC PRINTS OF DULUTH. 8 items.
    A portfolio of lithographic prints entitled, "Historic
    Duluth," produced by the Hotel Duluth, the buildings and
    scenes date between 1870s and 1920. S2229.
    SUBJECTS: Art and artists: lithographs; Duluth: lithographs;

  • LOGGING RAILROAD MAPS. Maps. 1 in.
    Hand drawn plat maps indicating location of rail lines in
    Lake, Cook, St. Louis, and Carlton counties, Minnesota, by
    John Fritzen. S2269.
    SUBJECTS: Carlton County: railroads; Cook County: railroads;

  • LOVETT, CHARLES EZRA (1851-1925). Papers, 1873-1925. 4.5
    ft.
    48 Diaries (1873-1925), photographs, and reference
    materials. The diaries include daily entries of activities
    and personal expenses. Lovett was a Duluth real estate
    agent and was involved in establishing the Modern
    Samaritans, a Duluth fraternal and insurance organization.
    Inventory available. S3041.

  • LYCEUM THEATRE. Records, 1900-1966. 2 in.
    Circulars, programs, photographs, a speech, and an agreement
    between A.M. Miller and the Lyceum for a theatre box in
    exchange for land. The Lyceum Theatre opened in 1891 at 5th
    Avenue West and Superior Street and was razed in 1966.
    S2324.

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  • MAP COLLECTION. ca. 1690-present. 1000 items.
    Maps of the United States, Canada, the Midwest, Great Lakes,
    Michigan, Minnesota, Wisconsin, and more detailed maps of
    Duluth and the counties, towns, and mines of the Arrowhead
    region. Each map has an information sheet describing it.
    S3150.
    SUBJECTS: Arrowhead region: maps; Canada: maps;

  • MARSHALL, JULIA. Collection of transcripts, 1942-1969. 2
    in.
    Transcripts are from oral histories on the subjects of 1918
    forest fire, mining, life on the iron range, and
    reminiscences of longtime Duluthians. S2284.
    RESTRICTED. Copyright.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth: residents' reminiscences; Fires: forest;
    Forests: fires;

  • MARSHALL-WELLS COMPANY, DULUTH. Records, 1892-1954. 3 in.
    Business letters, promotional material, advertisements,
    stock certificates, financial statements, annual reports,
    list of salesmen (1953), annual roundup program,
    correspondence, and articles about the company. Marshall-
    Wells Company was a wholesale hardware and grocery firm with
    offices throughout the northwestern United States and in
    Canada. The executive office was located on the Duluth
    waterfront. S3614.
    SUBJECTS: Advertising: Hardware and Groceries;

  • MARVIN, LUKE (1820-1880) AND FAMILY. Papers. 1847-1950. 8
    in.
    The Marvin family has been involved with Duluth's history
    from its beginnings. A complete genealogical sketch does
    not exist at this time, and there has been confusion over
    family members as there are three Luke Marvins: Luke, Luke
    A., and Luke E. Luke Marvin (1820-1880) and Mary Ann Collins
    Marvin (1826-1889) are the original settlers and founders of
    the First Presbyterian Church of Duluth. Marvin was
    register of land office in Duluth, auditor of St. Louis
    County, and in 1871, member of the State Legislature. The
    Marvins had ten children. The collection contains Luke
    Marvin papers, family correspondence, Barker papers,
    newsclippings, printed materials, identified photographs,
    Luke A. Marvin papers, household account books and church
    materials. S2344.
    SUBJECTS: Barker family, papers; First Presbyterian Church,
    Duluth, founded;

  • MATHISEN, SVERRE. Papers, 1940-1958. 1 roll microfilm.
    Correspondence and financial records of a Lutsen, Cook
    County fisherman. The financial records consist of bills
    and receipts for fish sold and supplies purchased, which
    document Mathisen's dealings with fisheries' sales agents on
    Lake Superior's north shore, various freight companies, and
    the North Superior Cooperative Fisheries in Duluth.
    Included are reports by Mathisen and his partner, Sevold
    Rise, to state and federal agencies giving the amount and
    value of their catches. S2204.
    SUBJECTS: Fishing: commercial;

  • MATINEE MUSICALE, DULUTH. Records, ca. 1900-. 18 ft.
    Annual reports, financial records, photographs, programs,
    minutes, scrapbooks, and newsclippings documenting the
    history of this St. Louis County cultural organization
    formed to promote musical art in Duluth. It brings concerts
    to the city and sponsors many musical programs. Inventory
    available. S2224.

  • MAUPINS, WILLIAM F. (1922- ). Papers, 1958-1969. 1 ft.
    Correspondence, legal documents, and newsclippings dealing
    with civil rights. Maupins served as the president of the
    Duluth chapter of the NAACP from 1958 to 1969. S2367.
    SUBJECTS: Blacks: organizations; Civil rights, organizations; African Americans: history;

  • McALPINE LOGGING COMPANY, DULUTH. Records, 1905-1910. 10
    in.
    Account journals, cashbooks, and employee ledgers obtained
    from a sale of the John McAlpine estate. Some of the
    records appear to belong to the Lutsen Lumber Company, but
    the relationship between the two companies is unclear.
    S3076.

  • McDOUGALL, ALEXANDER (1845-1923). Papers, 1888-1899. 8
    items.
    Land deed, invention, purchase agreements, a pamphlet on the
    invention of a double steamboat, correspondence, and a
    passenger's contract ticket. McDougall was a shipbuilder in
    Duluth who invented the "whaleback" ship in 1881. S3192.
    SUBJECTS: Boats and boating: built;

  • McKENZIE, HUGH (1879-1957). Photographs, 1902-1947. 3 ft.
    Photographic prints and glass plates of Duluth and
    surrounding areas. McKenzie worked as a photographer in
    Duluth from 1902 and owned the McKenzie Studio. Inventory
    available. S2422.

  • MEIERHOFF, MARVIN. Photographs. 6 items.
    Six undated photographs of the Kelley-How-Thomson Company
    building, Marshall-Wells Company building, and the Blake &
    Waite Company building. S2265.
    SUBJECTS: Blake and Waite Co., building;

  • MEINING, JOHN R. (1857-1947). Papers, 1894-1947. 5.5 in.
    Correspondence, newsclippings, photographs, and one
    scrapbook. Meining served as sheriff of St. Louis County
    from 1911 to 1918, and was active in civic affairs. S3127.

  • MELHEIM, HERMAN. Papers, 1953-1976. 0.5 in.
    Correspondence, photographs, and newsclippings. Melheim, a
    professional woodcarver, immigrated from Norway and settled
    in Ray, Minnesota, near International Falls. S2424.
    SUBJECTS: Art and artists: woodcarver;

  • MERRITT FAMILY. Papers, 1832-1974. 24.5 ft.
    Personal and financial correspondence, letterpress books,
    scrapbooks, newsclippings, manuscripts written about the
    family and local history, financial ledgers, legal papers,
    maps, photographs, one audio cassette of an interview, and
    reference materials. The Merritts are one of the most
    important families in the early history of Duluth, involved
    in lumbering, surveying, shipping, and iron ore. By 1893,
    they had claims on a large portion of the Mesabi Iron Range
    and had built the Duluth, Missabe and Northern Railway.
    Ultimately, financial conditions forced them to give up most
    of their wealth to John D. Rockefeller. Inventory
    available. S3120.
    RESTRICTED IN PART, until Sept. 27, 1989, patron must obtain
    written permission of donor.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth, Missabe, and Northern Railroad: built;

  • MILLER, HARVEY. Photographs. 2 ft.
    Photograph albums and negatives which depict Lake Superior
    ships, docks, passenger ships, ship wrecks, and ship
    construction. Miller was a professional photographer who
    lived and worked in Duluth, but it is not clear which images
    he made and which he collected. S2397.

  • MILWAUKEE AND PRAIRIE DU CHIEN RAILWAY COMPANY. Ledger,
    1865. 1 vol.
    One 38 page payroll ledger for sundry expenses, listing
    names, occupation, time, and amount paid. S3031.

  • MINING SCRAPBOOK. 1919-1943. 1 vol.
    A looseleaf notebook containing photographs and
    newsclippings on mining and individuals involved in mining.
    It is divided into two sections: biographical and Michigan
    historical. S2459.

  • MINNESOTA ARROWHEAD ASSOCIATION. Records, 1926-1979. 3 in.
    This organization was formed to achieve cooperation among
    civic groups working to promote and advertise the
    recreational and agricultural resources of the region. It
    involves Cook, Lake, St. Louis, Carlton, Itasca, Aitkin,
    Koochiching, Beltrami, Crow Wing, Hubbard, and Cass
    counties. Inventory available. S3158.
    SUBJECTS: Agriculture: resources; Aitkin County: development;
    Arrowhead region: development; Beltrami County:
    development; Carlton County: development; Cass County:
    development; Cook County: development; Crow Wing
    County: development;

  • MINNESOTA CHIPPEWA TRIBE, FOND DU LAC RESERVATION. Records,
    1955-1970. 0.5 ft.
    Constitution and bylaws, minutes of the tribe meetings,
    regulations on rice harvesting, correspondence, and
    newsclippings. The boundaries of the Fond du Lac
    reservation, set in 1954, are located in St. Louis and
    Carlton Counties, adjacent to the towns of Cloquet and
    Sawyer. S2423.
    RESTRICTED. Access restricted until Jan. 1, 1994.
    SUBJECTS: Fond du Lac Reservation: records;

  • MINNESOTA-DULUTH POLITICS AND DULUTH SOCIETY. Scrapbooks,
    1900-1930. 1.25 ft.
    Correspondence, newsclippings, pamphlets, and souvenirs from
    social and political events. Much of the correspondence is
    addressed to Mrs. Alfred Junk. Mr. Junk was a prominent
    lawyer and politician from northeastern Minnesota.
    Inventory available. S2388.

  • MINNESOTA FOREST FIRE INVESTIGATIONS, ST. LOUIS COUNTY.
    Records, 1919-1923. 11 items.
    Four maps of the area near Alborn, St. Louis County, soil
    acidity test reports, and miscellaneous records of private
    property. This group of documents relates to forest fire
    claims filed with St. Louis County Court. S3735.
    SUBJECTS: Courts: claims filed; Fires: forest; Forests: fires;

  • MINNESOTA HISTORIC RESOURCES SURVEY. Records, 1973-1979. 7
    rolls microfilm.
    In 1973, the Minnesota Historical Society's Division of
    Archives and Manuscripts organized the Minnesota Manuscripts
    Resources Inventory Project, and forty counties were
    surveyed. Collection consists of microfilm reproductions of
    the complete survey forms arranged alphabetically by county.
    The forms describe the collections of each county historical
    society. Inventory available. S2391.

  • MINNESOTA NATIONAL GUARD, COMPANY K, 2nd REGIMENT, DULUTH.
    Minute book, 1891-1895. 0.5 in.
    Constitution, bylaws, and a list of officers of the
    regiment. S3051.

  • MINNESOTA & OREGON LAND AND TIMBER COMPANY, DULUTH. Records,
    1905-1931. 4 in.
    Articles of incorporation, minutes of the board of
    directors, two journals, and three account ledgers. S3080.

  • MINNESOTA POWER AND LIGHT COMPANY. Reports, 1931-1984. 1
    in.
    Newsclippings, annual reports, quarterly stockholder
    reports, and prospectuses. MP&L is an operating public
    utility engaged in the generation, purchase, transmission,
    distribution, and sale of electric energy in Minnesota.
    S2342.

  • MINNESOTA STATE PLANNING AGENCY. Records, 1977-1978. 1 in.
    Minnesota Coastal Zone Management Program advisory committee
    minutes and various statements issued by the Minnesota
    Planning Agency pertaining to CZM. Governor Wendell Anderson
    authorized the Minnesota State Planning Agency to apply for
    Coastal Zone funds and coordinate the CZM. S2335.
    SUBJECTS: Coastal Zone Management Program, records;

  • MINNESOTA WAR RECORDS COMMISSION, ST. LOUIS COUNTY BRANCH,
    DULUTH.
    Records, 1908-1928. 5.5 ft.
    Service records, correspondence, newsclippings, scrapbooks,
    prepared written histories, minutes, reports, photographs,
    publication and war posters. Also included are draft
    records and war photographs. This commission was formed to
    ensure a proper historical compilation of activities of
    individuals and units of World War I. S3005.

  • "MINNESOTA WOOLEN COMPANY STORY." 16mm film.
    Film about the Minnesota Woolen Company of Duluth which sold
    clothing throughout the United States employing several
    hundred people in Duluth. It was started in 1916 by Nathan
    (Nat) G. and Abraham B. Polinsky who were partners in the
    business until 1958 when Abraham moved to San Diego. The
    business began as a small mail order store and later
    distributed the clothing door to door through the national
    Fashion Wagon Party plan introduced in 1962. The retail
    store was closed in 1976. S3758.
    SUBJECTS: Clothing: retail; Films: store history;

  • MITCHELL, H.Z. Letters, 1856. 0.25 in.
    Mitchell's letters to his family concerning his trip from
    Pennsylvania to St. Cloud, Minnesota, and daily life while
    living in St. Cloud. S3191.
    SUBJECTS: Description and travel, trips described;

  • MITCHELL, ROBERT CHALMERS (1832-1907) AND FAMILY. Papers,
    1853-1944. 3 ft.
    Mitchell established the Tribune newspaper in Superior,
    Wisconsin in 1869 and moved it to Duluth in 1870. After it
    was sold in 1889, he turned to real estate until the weekly
    Tribunal was established in 1894. Correspondence, reference
    materials, photographs, and newsclippings. Also included in
    the collection are materials concerning a proposed tunnel
    between Duluth and Superior. Inventory available. S3027.

  • MONAGHAN, JOHN. Letter, 1926. 1 item.
    A letter from the Kincaid Mercantile Company liquidating
    committee concerning payment for services Monaghan gave
    them. He was secretary and treasurer for the Northern Drug
    Company of Duluth, Minnesota. S3673.

  • MONFORD, ROBERT HALSTEAD. Letters, 1870. 2 items.
    A letter of introduction for Monford and a letter describing
    Monford's duties as general agent for the Northern Pacific
    Railroad Company in Duluth, Minnesota. S3161.

  • MORE, DR. CHARLES W. (1861-1947). Papers, 1889-1968. 3 in.
    Correspondence, newsclippings, speech transcripts, published
    medical journal articles, a manuscript entitled "Notes on
    the Early History of Eveleth," and one scrapbook of
    newsclippings, and hospital records (1 inch). More
    established More Hospital in Eveleth, Minnesota, and was an
    active member of the community. S3142.
    SUBJECTS: Eveleth: history;

  • MORGAN PARK GOODFELLOWSHIP CLUB. Records, 1917-1962. 12.5
    ft.
    Minutes, correspondence, financial records, photographs, and
    architectural drawings. The club was formed to provide
    social, recreational, and educational programs for its
    members. Membership was limited to employees of the United
    States Steel Corporation and their families who lived in
    Morgan Park, Fond du Lac, New Duluth, Gary, Smithville, West
    Duluth, and Duluth, Minnesota. Inventory available. S2366.
    SUBJECTS: Architecture: drawings;

  • MORGAN PARK HOSPITAL. Patients' record book, 1916-1925. 1
    vol.
    Bound record book of numerical listing of patients treated
    at the Morgan Park private hospital set up by U.S. Steel in
    that community. The information includes name, age,
    religion, address, country of birth, occupation, disease or
    treatment, and other data pertaining to the hospital stay.
    S2440.

  • MORNINGSIDE FRIENDSHIP CLUB. Scrapbook, 1956-1958. 1 vol.
    One scrapbook of clippings, constitution and bylaws,
    membership list, photographs, and programs. The club was
    founded in 1938 for the purpose of promoting good fellowship
    in the neighborhood of the Morley Heights area of Duluth,
    Minnesota. S3751.

  • MUNDT, DANIEL H., JR. Manuscript, ca. 1977. 36 pages.
    An unpublished paper entitled "Foreign Seafarers in Duluth,
    Meeting Their Needs, 1960-1977." Submitted as a research
    paper to the History Department, University of Minnesota,
    Duluth. History of agencies which assisted foreign sailors
    while in Duluth. S2219.

  • MURPHY, FRANK. Letter, ca. 1918. 1 item.
    A letter written by Murphy containing his personal account
    of the October 12 fire of 1918, addressed to his mother in
    Clinton, Iowa. S2243.
    SUBJECTS: Cloquet, forest fire; Fires: forest; Forests: fires;

  • MURPHY, RAYMOND T. (1898-1970). Reminiscences, 1969. 19
    pages.
    Reminiscences of a Duluth lumberman about his family history
    and life in northern Minnesota lumber camps. S2211.

  • MURRAY, DANIEL D. (1859-1931). Papers, 1874-1931. 2 in.
    Correspondence, certificates, diploma, photographs, and an
    account book of patients. Murray practiced medicine in
    Duluth, Minnesota. He also served as Duluth city health
    commissioner and medical examiner for the Minnesota State
    Althletic Commission. S3096.

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  • NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF STATIONARY ENGINEERS, DULUTH.
    Records, 1902. 5 items.
    Letters and a resolution concerning the location of a school
    of mines to be founded in St. Louis County. S3657.
    SUBJECTS: Education: proposed schools; Engineers: projects;

  • NATIONAL CHILD LABOR COMMITTEE, DULUTH MEMBERSHIP CAMPAIGN.
    Records, 1919-1920. 1/8 in.
    Membership lists, financial accounts, and letters to the
    national headquarters. S3628.
    SUBJECTS: Children: in labor force;

  • NATIONAL CONFERENCE OF CHRISTIANS AND JEWS, NORTHERN MINNESOTA AND NORTHWESTERN WISCONSIN CHAPTER, DULUTH.
    Records, 1943-1976. 2.5 ft.
    Correspondence, minutes, financial records, reference
    materials, photographs, and scrapbooks. This organization
    began as the Duluth Round Table in 1943. It sponsored
    programs and information to promote brotherhood and reduce
    prejudice in the area. S3015.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth Round Table, records;

  • NATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR WOMEN, DULUTH-SUPERIOR CHAPTER.
    Records, 1977-1979. 1 in.
    Newsclippings, chapter minutes, newsletter and
    correspondence. S2326.

  • NELSON, CARL (1887- ). Transcript, 1962-1963. 11 pages.
    Transcript of a recorded interview in which Nelson describes
    his Swedish parents' pioneer experiences in Cook County,
    Minnesota. S2337.
    SUBJECTS: Cook County: pioneers;

  • NEWTON, GEORGE A. Photographs, 1880s-1890s. 87 items.
    Photographs assumed to be made by Newton who was a landscape
    photographer and artist living in the Lester Park area of
    Duluth, Minnesota. The photographs are of mining, Duluth,
    lake and vessels, logging, and various people. S2381.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth: photographs;

  • NORTH SHORE HISTORICAL ASSEMBLY. Records, 1929-1967. 1.5
    in.
    Correspondence, meeting programs, photographs, resolutions,
    and newsclippings. This organization was formed in 1929 to
    bring together the Cook, Lake, and St. Louis County
    Historical Societies to promote historical knowledge of the
    North Shore. S3617.
    SUBJECTS: Cook County Historical Society, activities;

  • NORTHEAST MINNESOTA DEVELOPMENT ASSOCIATION, DULUTH.
    Records, 1965-1978. 6 in.
    Records of a six-county nonprofit association organized in
    1964 to work for the economic development of Carlton, Cook,
    Itasca, Koochiching, Lake, and St. Louis counties. Included
    are annual reports, testimony by the association before the
    U.S. Congressional Subcommittee on National Parks regarding
    the Boundary Waters Canoe Area, and a paper entitled
    " Dilemma in Steel" by Christian F. Beukema, which was
    presented at the annual meeting in 1977. S2297.
    SUBJECTS: Beukema, Christian F., author; Boundary Waters Canoe
    Area, congressional testimony; Carlton County:
    development; Cook County: development;

  • NORTHEAST MINNESOTA HISTORICAL CENTER COLLECTIONS. Records, 1976- .
    4.5 ft.
    This open collection consists of the records of the Center
    and reflects its development and growth. The Center was
    established as the 8th regional research center in the state
    of Minnesota for the purpose of collecting, preserving and
    making available to the public for research use the
    documentary records of the Arrowhead region of the state:
    St. Louis, Cook, Lake, and Carlton counties. Inventory
    available. S2312.
    SUBJECTS: Arrowhead region: records; Carlton County: records;
    Cook County: records;

  • NORTHERN BIBLE SOCIETY. Records, 1919-1972. 2.5 ft. 2.5
    ft.
    Correspondence, minutes, annual progress reports, and
    financial statements. This organization was founded in 1918
    by a group of Duluth businessmen and clergy to distribute
    free Bibles to the needy of the northern states. It also
    maintained a Bible museum containing numerous rare items.
    The Bible collection has been donated to the University of
    Minnesota, Duluth. S2316.

  • NORTHERN COLD STORAGE AND WAREHOUSE COMPANY, DULUTH.
    Records, 1907-1968. 0.5 in.
    Promotional material, newspaper advertisements, news
    article, a financial report, storage receipts, business
    letters, and employment cards. This company was started in
    1907 and specialized in storing dairy and poultry products.
    It was located on the Duluth waterfront. S3613.
    SUBJECTS: Advertising: Warehouse; Dairy industry: storage;

  • NORTHERN ENVIRONMENTAL COUNCIL. Records, 1969-1980. 12.75
    ft.
    Correspondence, constitution and bylaws, minutes,
    resolutions, general administrative files of two board
    members, financial records, public relations files, and
    newsclippings. NOREC was formed in 1969 as an umbrella
    organization for 32 regional groups. Its goal was to
    increase public awareness about environmental problems and
    to act as a lobbying task force. Charles H. Stoddard was
    instrumental in organizing NOREC. Inventory available.
    S2321.
    SUBJECTS: Environment: lobbying groups;

  • NORTHERN PACIFIC RAILROAD COMPANY. Pamphlets, 1882-1914.
    1.25 ft.
    Contracts, mortgages, legal agreements, and court documents
    in which Northern Pacific was a party. Also included are
    speeches by Howard Elliot, president of the company. S2370.
    SUBJECTS: Elliot, Howard, railroad man;

  • NORTHERN PACIFIC RAILROAD COMPANY. Records, 1873-1932. 4
    in.
    Journals, timetables, contracts, and records of the Northern
    Pacific's operations in Duluth. The journals include
    abstracts of contracts and agreements (1884-1898) of the
    NP's construction department. Most of the contracts concern
    northeastern Minnesota land and bridge agreements. Also
    included are reports of vessels passing through bridges
    (1908-1915), accident, and delay reports (1905-1909). Both
    reports are in poor condition, but generally legible.
    S3087.
    SUBJECTS: Bridges: railroad;

  • NORTHWEST MISSIONS. Papers, 1810-1897, 1926. 3.5 ft.
    Typewritten copies of letters, diaries, church records, and
    magazine articles relating to Protestant and Catholic
    missions in Minnesota and the Northwest. The records detail
    routine information about missions, Indians, and individual
    missionaries. The copies were drawn from many sources
    including the Minnesota Historical Society, the Quebec Arch
    Episcopal Archives and the American Board of Commissioners
    for Foreign Missions. This is a portion of a larger
    collection held by MHS. S3044.
    SUBJECTS: Catholic church, missions;

  • NORTHWESTERN-HANNA FUEL COMPANY. Photographs, 1902-1953.
    0.5 ft.
    A book of photographs showing the company's docks,
    apparatus, and delivery methods. The company operated in
    the northern Great Lakes area selling coal and had docks and
    offices in Duluth. S3619.
    SUBJECTS: Docks: photographs;

  • NORTHWOOD CHILDREN'S HOME, INC. Records, 1907-1981. 1.25
    ft.
    Founded in 1883 as the Ladies Relief Society, the
    organization had as its initial purpose providing relief for
    young pioneer women with infants. In 1887 the name was
    changed to the Duluth Home Society; in 1951 it became the
    Children's Home Society. In 1951 its goals were revised,
    with emphasis given to the care of emotionally disturbed
    children. In 1971 it became Northwood Children's Home
    Society. Included are a history of the home, bylaws, an
    annual report, and journals recording expenditures,
    receipts, and monthly payrolls. S2292.
    SUBJECTS: Children: residential homes; Duluth Home Society,
    records;

  • NYLANDER, LYMAN E. (1906-1972). Photographs, 1950-1972. 1
    ft.
    Black and white prints made by Nylander, an amateur
    photographer and life-long resident of Duluth. Nylander was
    a pioneer in the Duluth radio system and an active
    participant in civic organizations. His photographs are
    primarily of Duluth scenes, buildings, and some military
    monuments and markers beyond the Duluth vicinity. Inventory
    available. S2420.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth: photographs;

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  • OBSERVATION COMMUNITY CLUB. Records, 1909-1938. 2.5 in.
    Minutes, a brief history of the club, constitution and
    bylaws, and a list of names and officers of various
    community clubs in Duluth. This club was formed to secure
    improvements for the community and was later changed to
    attract younger people by including social and athletic
    events. S2461.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth: civic improvements;

  • OJIBWAY ENGLISH DICTIONARY. Book, 1888. 1 item.
    The collection consists of one English to Ojibway language
    dictionary. S3647.
    SUBJECTS: Dictionaries, Ojibway; Ojibwe language;

  • OLD SETTLERS ASSOCIATION OF THE HEAD OF LAKE SUPERIOR, DULUTH. Records, 1884-1958. 2.25 ft.
    Scrapbooks, newsclippings, membership card file,
    reminiscences, financial and legal materials, photographs,
    and reference materials. The association was organized in
    1886 as a social and historical club. Any person who had
    resided in the region for at least twenty-five years was
    eligible to join. It disband in 1946. S3013.

  • OLIVER IRON MINING COMPANY. Records, 1899-1969. 15.2 ft.
    Oliver Iron Mining Company was founded in 1892 by Henry W.
    Oliver in Eveleth, Mountain Iron and Virginia, Minnesota,
    areas of the Mesabi Iron Range. Oliver shared half interest
    in his company with Andrew Carnegie until 1901, when Oliver
    Iron Mining became a subsidiary of United States Steel
    Corporation. The Oliver Iron Mining Division of U.S. Steel
    Corporation had its headquarters at Virginia, Minnesota and
    later at Hibbing, Minnesota. The Division continued
    operations until 1964, when it became the Minnesota Ore
    Operations, U.S. Steel Corporation. Included are
    photographs, financial materials, exploration data,
    newsclippings, safety manuals, civil defense articles,
    technical manuals, inspection films, and various maps.
    Inventory available. S3021.
    SUBJECTS: Civil Defense: articles; Films: of mining;

  • ONEOTA LITERARY SOCIETY. Records, 1857-1867. 1 vol.
    Minutes and bylaws. The members discussed and criticized
    ideas, gave orations, wrote essays, and held debates
    concerning literary works. S3638.

  • ONEOTA METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH. Records, 1870-1900. 1
    in. and 2 vol.
    Constitution, bylaws, minutes, treasury reports, financial
    records, deeds, and two letters about a mission in India.
    S3636.

  • ORECK'S, INC., DULUTH. Account ledger, 1914-1921. 2 in.
    A dismantled account ledger including information on all
    three of the apparel stores located in Duluth. S3110.
    SUBJECTS: Clothing: retail;

  • ORPHEUM THEATRE. Programs, 1912-1924. 3 items.
    Circulars and programs of a Duluth theater. The Orpheum had
    an orchestra and played host to vaudeville, touring plays,
    and a resident stock company. It was remodeled into the
    Norshor Theater in 1941. S2325.

  • OUR SAVIOR'S NORWEGIAN LUTHERAN CHURCH, DULUTH. Records,
    1889-1949. 9 vol.
    Seven volumes of Ladies Aid minutes written in Norwegian,
    one minute book of the board of trustees in English, and one
    treasurer's book also written in Norwegian. The church was
    founded in 1889 in West Duluth. S3060.

  • OUTLOOK CLUB, DULUTH. Records, 1900-1948. 0.5 in.
    Programs, membership lists, and correspondence of this
    Duluth club which sponsored lectures on art, history, and
    science of the 18th and 19th centuries. S2333.


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  • PACE ASSOCIATES REPORT. Reports, ca. 1952. 1 vol.
    Two reports entitled "New Towns at Babbitt and Beaver Bay,
    Minnesota," and "Beaver Bay Townsite: Final Planning Report
    and Recommendations." Both were compiled by Pace Associates
    for Reserve Mining Company and describe improvements of
    living conditions in the taconite mining industry. S2245.
    SUBJECTS: Babbitt: town planning; Beaver Bay: town planning;

  • PAINE, FREDERIC W. (1856-1940). Papers, 1893-1940. 2 in.
    Correspondence, contracts, statements, and biographical
    material. Paine was an active Duluth resident who formed
    the banking firm of Paine and Larder which later became
    Security Bank. He was also in the insurance business.
    S3078.

  • PAINE, F. RODNEY (1889-1968). Scrapbooks, 1892-1967. 4 in.
    One scrapbook and one photograph album containing
    newsclippings of Paine's career as manager of the Duluth
    park system. The photographs are of Jay Cooke State Park.
    Also included are correspondence, resumes, and business
    letters. S3154.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth: parks;

  • PARDEE, JOHN STONE (1863-1930). Papers, 1885-1954. 1.25
    ft.
    Pardee graduated from Yale in 1885 and came to Duluth to
    become editor of the News. In 1896, he established the
    Daily Commonwealth and then moved to Red Wing, Minnesota, to
    publish The Goodhue County News. Pardee wrote for the St.
    Paul Pioneer in 1905, but returned to Duluth in 1907 to
    serve as editor of the Star. Pardee's writing brought him
    to Washington, D.C. to conduct publicity work for Hoover's
    food administration. He also became publicity director of
    the U.S. Department of the Treasury before returning to
    Duluth in 1919, to become assistant director of the Great
    Lakes-St. Lawrence Tidewater Association. Included are
    correspondence, articles written by Pardee, notes and other
    reference materials primarily from 1913 to 1930. Inventory
    available. S3036.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth: newspapers;

  • PARENT TEACHER ASSOCIATION, DULUTH COUNCIL, DULUTH.
    Records, 1928-1975. 6 in.
    Newsclippings, yearbooks, two general scrapbooks, and one
    scrapbook of the Chester Park PTA. A few photographs are
    also included. S3068.
    SUBJECTS: Chester Park, Duluth, education group; Education:
    organizations;

  • PARK HEIGHTS (HUNTER'S PARK) 4-H. Scrapbook, 1954-1963. 1
    vol.
    The scrapbook contains photographs and memorabilia of club
    members and activities. The club served young people from
    the Hunter's Park and Morley Heights neighborhoods. S3763.
    SUBJECTS: Children: organizations; Four-H (4-H), clubs;

  • PEACE CHURCH (UNITED CHURCH OF CHRIST), DULUTH. Records,
    1872-1976. 7 rolls microfilm.
    The microfilm covers sixty volumes of records, consisting of
    statistical information on baptisms, confirmations,
    marriages, deaths, and history of the congregation. Also
    included are church council minutes, general minutes,
    financial records, and several scrapbooks. The church was
    started in 1872 as St. Paul's Evangelical Church in the
    tradition of the Prussian Evangelical Union. In 1934 it was
    changed to St. Paul's Evangelical and Reformed Church, and
    in 1957 it changed again to St. Paul's United Church of
    Christ. In 1959 it made the final change to Peach Church
    symbolized by its "peace" bells. Inventory available.
    S2357.
    SUBJECTS: Evangelical and Reformed Church, Duluth;

  • PEARCE, NORMAN JESSE AND FAMILY. Photograph album, ca.
    1908-1910. 60 items.
    Nine pages and four loose prints of Duluth and the region
    including Lester Park, Fond du Lac, many buildings and
    events, and Chisholm, Minnesota, after the fire. S3730.
    SUBJECTS: Chisholm: photographs; Duluth: photographs; Fond du
    Lac, photographs;

  • PEARSON, MANEY MENIECE (1894- ). Papers, 1940-1960. 2
    in.
    Newspaper clippings, drafts of Pearson's speeches, and
    reports on the Minnesota State CIO Council and the CIO
    Congress of Women's Auxiliaries. Pearson (Mrs. Ernest) was
    active in the latter organization. S2244. See related
    collection 583.
    SUBJECTS: Congress of Industrial Organizations, women's
    auxiliaries; CIO;

  • PEARSONS, ABNER C. (1869-1946). Papers, 1894-1941. 3.5 in.
    Pearsons was superintendent of circulation at the Duluth
    Evening Herald and managed the newsboys. The collection
    contains newsclippings and photographs of the various events
    involving the newsboys, as well as personal correspondence
    and a sketch book. S3145.
    SUBJECTS: Art and artists: sketches; Children: in labor force;
    Duluth: newspapers; Duluth Evening Herald, newsboys;

  • PECK, THOMAS. Photographs, ca. 1960s. 27 items.
    Photographs of the Duluth area and scenes of winter, smelt
    fishing, the Split Rock lighthouse, the shore of Lake
    Superior, and other nature scenes. Peck was a plumber and
    an amateur photographer. S3721.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth: photographs; Fishing: photographs;

  • PEET, JAMES (1828-1866). Papers, 1856-1863. 5 in.
    Two typewritten copies of Peet's original diaries and three
    letters. The diaries contain daily entries, personal
    expenses, and weather information. Peet was a Methodist
    minister who established a mission in Superior, Wisconsin,
    and was involved in establishing the First Methodist Church
    of Duluth. S3047.
    SUBJECTS: First Methodist Church, Duluth, established;

  • PETERSON, DONALD. Stereo record album, ca. 1950. 1 item.
    Peterson wrote music professionally and served as an
    entertainment specialist in Germany during World War II.
    The record, "Growin' Pains," was a musical production
    performed at Hibbing High School and tells the history of
    the Mesabi Range through music, drama, and dance. S3677.

  • PETERSON, PETER J. (1824-1873). Papers, 1854-1873. 0.25
    in.
    Warranty deeds and quit claims, tax receipts, and
    correspondence. Peterson was a Superior, Wisconsin resident
    who was a justice of the peace and member of the school
    board. S3194.

  • PHELPS, WILLIAM B. (1842-1929). Papers, 1834-1922. 2 in.
    Genealogical notebooks tracing the lineage of the Phelpses
    and Robinsons, and letter contracts. Phelps was a Duluth
    lawyer who served as St. Louis County Attorney in 1899.
    S3088.

  • PHOTOGRAPH COLLECTION. 11 items.
    Eleven photographs of unidentified people from the Thiel,
    Zweifel, and Dworshak studios. Five are albumen cabinet
    cards. The dates of three of the portraits are 1914, 1915,
    and 1936. S3727.
    SUBJECTS: Dworshak, Studio, photographs;

  • PHOTOGRAPH COLLECTION. ca. 1890s. 7 items.
    Seven cabinet cards, six albumen, of unidentified people
    from the following photographers or studios: Paul B.
    Gaylord, Carl Thiel, A. Dahlquist, Green's West End Gallery,
    Zenith Gallery, The Robinson, and Sathers, all of Duluth,
    Minnesota. S3728.
    SUBJECTS: Dahlquist, A., photographer;

  • PHOTOGRAPH COLLECTION. ca. 1911-1917. 36 items.
    This collection is comprised of district court exhibit
    photographs which appear to be accident scenes in Chisholm,
    Virginia, Biwabik, and Gilbert, Minnesota. Some are dated,
    others unidentified. Included are street scenes, mine
    scenes, equipment, buildings, people, work sites, and the
    Eveleth Fire Department. S3729.
    SUBJECTS: Biwabik: photographs; Chisholm: photographs;
    Eveleth Fire Dept., photographs;

  • PHOTOGRAPH COLLECTION. n.d., 1912. 8 items.
    Eight photographs showing Isle Royale, two hunting scenes
    near Split Rock, and the Duluth Boat Club. S3768.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth Boat Club: photographs;

  • PHOTOGRAPH COLLECTION. ca. 1922. 13 items.
    Morley Heights area and street scenes: 4th Street at 29th
    and 34th Avenues East, Hawthorne and Snivley Roads, Comstock
    Avenue. 8x10 prints. S2266.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth: photographs;

  • PHOTOGRAPH COLLECTION. 1937, 1946-48, 1968. 24
    items.
    Photographs of the Duluth Aerial Bridge, North Shore scenes,
    Kakabeka Falls of Ontario, Canada, Grand Marais, Temperance
    River, ore boats, Split Rock Lighthouse, Gun Flint Trail,
    and others. The photographs are all black and white family
    snapshots. S3738.
    SUBJECTS: Aerial Bridge, Duluth, photographs; .i.Bridges:
    photographs;

  • PILGRIM CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH. Records, 1886-1971. 1 in.
    Church publications, a yearbook of activities, membership
    list, anniversary booklets, newsletters, service programs
    giving notes on church activities, and meeting programs.
    The church is now located at 23rd Avenue East and 4th Street
    in Duluth. S3629.
    SUBJECTS: Congregational church, Duluth;

  • PLAT MAPS. ca. 1899-1918, ca. 1935-1941, 1 vol. and 3 in.
    Minnesota W.P.A. plat maps of St. Louis, Lake, Carlton,
    Koochiching, and Cook counties. The bulk of the maps are of
    St. Louis County. Plat book, 1899-1918, is indexed.
    S2225.
    SUBJECTS: Carlton County: maps; Cook County: maps;

  • PLAT MAPS. 1925-1960. 25 items.
    Plat maps for northern St. Louis County towns on the Mesabi
    Iron Range, Coleraine in Itasca County and Proctor,
    Minnesota, by the Fire Underwriters Inspection Bureau of
    Minneapolis, Minnesota. The maps show streets, buildings,
    railroads, creeks, lakes, and businesses. Also included is
    fire protection information. S3787.
    SUBJECTS: Coleraine, maps; Fire Underwriters Inspection Bureau,
    Minneapolis, maps;

  • POST CARDS. ca. 1900-1975. 1 ft.
    Post cards of various Duluth scenes, parks and buildings.
    Also shown are lumber camps, Apostle Islands, and the
    Arrowhead region. S2282.
    SUBJECTS: Apostle Islands, Wis., post cards; Arrowhead region:
    post cards; Duluth: post cards;

  • POST, MARY CLARA. Papers, 1853-1941. 2.5 in.
    Correspondence, newsclippings, and one scrapbook consisting
    of newsclippings of her articles as a correspondent and her
    poems. Post was the first newspaper reporter in this area
    and worked for the Ashtabula Sentinel, an Ohio newspaper, a
    Michigan paper and the Duluth Minnesotian. She resided in
    Superior, Wisconsin, arriving in 1854. S3128.

  • POWLESS, ROBERT. Lecture, 1979. 30 min.
    Powless, Department of Indian Studies, College of St.
    Scholastica, Duluth, Minnesota, delivered an address
    entitled, "You are a Part of Our History: An Indian View,"
    an overview of the early Indian history of the western Lake
    Superior area. It was presented at the conference, "A
    Rendezvous With History." S2349.

  • PREBILIC, MICHAEL JOSEPH, SR. (1892-1958). Reminiscence,
    ca. 1958. 2 in.
    Reminiscences of an immigrant from Yugoslavia who settled in
    Eveleth, Minnesota. The majority of these papers are in
    Slovene. Included is a genealogical diagram. S2334.

  • PRISEGEM, PETER. Papers, ca. 1919-1929. 1 in.
    Correspondence and a dues book from a local organization.
    Prisegem lived in Superior, Wisconsin and was probably a
    Slavic immigrant. A portion of the collection is in a
    Slavic language, most likely Czechoslovakian or Slovenian.
    S2281.

  • PROCTOR JOURNAL, ANNIVERSARY EDITION. Newspapers. 1956. 1
    item.
    The fiftieth anniversary edition, 1906-1956, of a newspaper
    established as a weekly in 1906 and still published today.
    Proctor is a village adjoining the west side of Duluth.
    S2453.

  • PROFESSIONAL SECRETARIES INTERNATIONAL: MINNESOTA/ARROWHEAD CHAPTER, DULUTH-SUPERIOR. Records, 1946- . 7.25 ft.
    Correspondence, minutes, annual bulletins, bylaws and
    amendments, membership rosters, divisional and national
    meeting records and reports, and newsletters from others
    chapters in Minnesota and North Dakota. This organization
    evaluates the standards of the secretarial profession,
    provides benefits, and sponsors civic and social activities.
    S2288.

  • PUBLIC HEALTH. Scrapbooks, 1920-1948. 3.5 in.
    Two volumes of newsclippings on water tests, rubbish, city
    isolation hospital, vaccinations, care in handling milk,
    nursing council, sewage, and other topics reflect a growing
    awareness of public health issues in Duluth. Also included
    are photographs of disease or injury prone areas, and the
    Civilian Defense health concerns of the 1940 war years.
    S3133.
    SUBJECTS: Civil Defense: in World War II; Dairy industry: milk
    handling;

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  • QUETICO-SUPERIOR COUNCIL. Records, 1927-1951. 0.25 in.
    Council programs presenting their goals and history,
    articles by the group, a New York Evening Post editorial
    about the council, and correspondence to Duluth members.
    This organization was formed in 1927 in association with the
    Izaak Walton League for the purpose of obtaining a treaty
    between Canada and the United States to protect and expand
    public lands in the Rainy Lake watershed. See related
    collections 267, 365. S3615.
    SUBJECTS: Canada: treaties;

  • QUICK, BIRNEY (1913-1981). Papers, 1955-1981. 4 in.
    Photographs of Quick's paintings and drawings, exhibition
    announcements, invitations, publicity, speeches,
    newsclippings, biography, and obituary. He taught at the
    College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, before joining the staff
    of the Minneapolis School of Art. Quick founded the Grand
    Marais Art Colony. S3724.
    SUBJECTS: Art and artists: painters;

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  • RAILROAD MAPS AND DRAWINGS. Maps, 1892-1920. 36 items.
    Maps and drawings relating to Duluth & Iron Range Railroad,
    and Duluth, Missabe & Northern Railroad. Inventory
    available. S3739.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth and Iron Range Railroad: maps; Duluth, Missabe,
    and Northern Railroad: maps;

  • RAKOWSKY, JOHN G. (1824-1914). Papers, ca. 1855-1914. 7
    items.
    A plat of an area in Duluth, a portrait photograph,
    biographical information, and a photograph of Rakowsky's
    funeral bier. He came to Duluth from Koenigsburg, Prussia,
    and served in the 8th New York Infantry during the Civil
    War. S3093.
    SUBJECTS: Civil War: veterans; Duluth: maps;

  • RAMBERG, ARTHUR E. Papers, ca. 1906-1961. 0.5 in.
    Photographs, newsclippings, and correspondence of Ramberg
    when he was a reporter for the Duluth Herald, 1921-1936.
    S2217.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth Herald, reporter;

  • RANGE CONFERENCE OF SOCIAL WORKERS. Records, 1924-1948.
    0.5 in.
    Correspondence and minutes of this voluntary organization of
    social workers from the Mesabi and Vermilion Iron Ranges
    organized to exchange ideas. S3052.

  • RAPSON, SAM. Letter, 1910. 1 item.
    One letter from the Assembled Chiefs of the Tribe of the
    Bois Forte Ojibwe to the Rapsons who gave the Ojibwe
    Christmas presents. S3674.
    SUBJECTS: Bios Forte band, Ojibwe; Christmas:
    celebrated;

  • REITAN, HALVAR. Interview, ca. 1976. 8 pages.
    Reitan, who was a commercial fisherman on Lake Superior,
    describes the sinking of his tug on January 4, 1924, off
    Port Wing, Wisconsin, and his own fight for life as he rowed
    across the lake to safety at Two Harbors, Minnesota. S2212.
    SUBJECTS: Fishing: commercial;

  • REMINISCENCES, MEDA ST. PIERRE (1888- ) . Oral History,
    1970. 60 min.
    St. Pierre's reflections on working as a trombone player at
    theaters, with bands and well-known performers who came to
    Duluth. He reminisces about the Duluth Boat Club rowing
    crew, the Duluth News-Tribune, local photographers, White
    City on Park Point, and other points of interest in Duluth
    history. S2455.
    SUBJECTS: Boats and boating: rowing crew; Duluth: residents'
    reminiscences; Duluth Boat Club: rowing crew; Duluth
    News-Tribune, events;

  • RENDSTROM GROCERY ORDER BOOK. Records, 1900. 1 vol.
    One food order book showing daily purchases from this
    business located at Smithville on Grand Avenue in Duluth,
    Minnesota. S3778.

  • REPUBLICAN WOMEN'S CLUB OF DULUTH. Records, 1940-1980. 2
    ft.
    Correspondence, minutes , newsclippings, and scrapbooks.
    This organization was formed to promote the Republican Party
    in the Duluth area. S2355.

  • RESERVE MINING LEGAL CASE. Records, 1942-1979. 11.25 ft.
    Legal correspondence, testimonies, briefs, transcripts,
    reports and exhibits. This case dealt with the
    environmental dispute with Reserve Mining Company of Silver
    Bay, Minnesota, over the company's policy of dumping
    taconite tailings into Lake Superior. Inventory available.
    S2390. See also related collections 309, 312.
    SUBJECTS: Environment: taconite issue;

  • RETAIL CLERKS UNION LOCAL NOS. 3 AND 1116, AFL-CIO, CLC.
    Records, 1919-1961. 0.5 ft.
    Minutes, bylaws, newsclippings, memorabilia from annual
    conventions, an attendance register for Local No. 930, and
    charters for various Locals. The geographic area for Locals
    No. 3 and 1116 was Northern Minnesota and Northern
    Wisconsin. S2418.
    SUBJECTS: Clerks, unions;

  • REVERE BOARDINGHOUSE, DULUTH. Ledger, 1864-1869. 1 vol.
    Record of expenditures and receipts of a Duluth
    boardinghouse located at 54 East Superior St. S2227.
    SUBJECTS: Boardinghouses, ledger;

  • RICHARDS, BERTHA (MRS. GEORGE S.), (1867-1963). Papers,
    1881-1963. 1 ft.
    Correspondence, newsclippings, photographs, poems, programs
    of her concert series, and reference materials. Mrs.
    Richards was a president of Matinee Musicale in Duluth and
    manager of a concert series which brought well-known
    musicians to the area. S3049.

  • RICHARDS, T. Supply List, n.d. 1 item.
    The collection consists of a list of supplies needed for a
    canoe trip. S3665.
    SUBJECTS: Canoeing: supplies;

  • RICHARDSON, T.J. Sketchbook, 1881. 1 vol.
    One 26 page sketchbook of Duluth scenes and citizens.
    People drawn in the book include E.S. Hammond, William
    Stone, Senator Howard, Jim Cullyford, Leonidas Merritt, and
    William Spaulding. Richardson came to Duluth in 1881 to
    teach a short course in drawing to local high school
    teachers. S3181.
    SUBJECTS: Art and artists: drawings; Cullyford, Jim, portrait;
    Duluth: drawings;

  • REITZ, LAURETTE. Papers, 1885-1964. 1 in.
    Letters and speeches written in Swedish by Lewis Reitz,
    photographs, and correspondence of Laurette Reitz. Laurette
    was a singer who toured throughout Minnesota. S3094.

  • ROBERTS, HENRY B. (1938- ). Photograph Album, 1920-1954. 1
    vol.
    Photographs of Duluth parks, Isle Royale, northern St. Louis
    County, and the north shore of Lake Superior. S2228.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth: parks;

  • ROLEFF, WILLIAM F. (1873-1943). Photographs, ca. 1912-1916.
    82 items.
    Photographs primarily of logging camps and lumberjacks in
    northeastern Minnesota by William Roleff. S2240.

  • ROUSSAIN, EUSTACHE (1839-1912). Papers, 1859-1870. 5
    items.
    Correspondence, a business license for retail dealership,
    and his report as postmaster at Fond du Lac. Roussain lived
    and worked at the Astor Trading Post in Fond du Lac. He was
    often called the first white child born in Duluth, but was
    actually half Ojibwe. S3195.
    SUBJECTS: American Fur Company: posts; Fond du Lac, post;

  • ROUSSAIN, FRANCOIS. Letters, 1852, 1856. 3 items.
    Correspondence in French with English translation. Roussain
    was an early settler at Fond du Lac and worked for the
    American Fur Company. He married an Ojibwe woman and is the
    father of Eustache Roussain. S3669.
    SUBJECTS: American Fur Company: posts; Fond du Lac, post;

  • ROY, VINCENT (1825-1896). Letter, 1865. 1 item.
    One letter written in Ojibwe to Roy from Peter Beaver of
    Grand Portage. Roy was an early settler of the Fond du Lac
    area. S3682.
    SUBJECTS: Beaver, Peter, letter; Fond du Lac, settlers;

  • ROYAL AND SELECT MASTERS, DULUTH COUNCIL NO. 6, DULUTH.
    Records, 1883, 1892. 4 items.
    Bylaws and officers' membership list of this secret
    fraternal organization. S3074.

  • ROYAL ARCH MASONS, KEYSTONE CHAPTER NO. 20, DULUTH.
    Records, 1869, 1892. 6 items.
    A bylaws guidebook and an officers' membership list from
    this secret fraternal organization which was chartered in
    1872. S3072.

  • RUST-PARKER GROCERY COMPANY, DULUTH. Records, 1910-1955.
    0.5 in.
    Financial statements and business of the board of directors
    of this wholesale grocery and coffee roasting company
    located in Duluth, Minnesota. S3159.

    BACK TO TOP

  • SABULA, ACKLEY AND DAKOTA RAILROAD. Records, 1877. 0.5 in.
    One seven page payroll ledger for sundry expenses listing
    name, occupation, time, and amount paid. S3032.

  • SAGA SINGERS, DULUTH. Records, 1940-1960. 2 in.
    Two secretary's books, photographs, newsclippings,
    correspondence, financial papers, articles of incorporation,
    and programs. This organization was formed to stimulate the
    cultivation of music and traditional folk songs of the
    Nordic countries. S3121.

  • ST. JOHN'S ENGLISH LUTHERAN CHURCH, DULUTH. Records, 1889-
    1962. 18 items.
    Correspondence (1889-1905) removed from the East 3rd Street
    church's 1905 cornerstone, a dedication pamphlet of the new
    church relocated in the Ordean residence at 2307 East
    Superior Street in 1944, when a fire destroyed the church
    interior, and newsclippings. S3061.

  • ST. LAWRENCE SEAWAY. Scrapbook, 1959. 1 in.
    Newsclippings, pamphlets, and one table placemat. This
    collection deals mainly with Seaway Days in Duluth which
    celebrated the completion of the Seaway. S3138.

  • ST. LOUIS COUNTY. AUDITOR. Records, ca. 1863-1947. 12.0 c.f.
    Includes reports made by various county officials; applications for liquor licenses; claims against St. Louis County which were ordered paid by the county board; tax records; correspondence; public examiner's reports on school districts, boards of education, cities, townships, and St. Louis County; election tally sheets; and proceedings of the St. Louis County Board of Audit. S2400.
    SUBJECTS: Government Records;

  • ST. LOUIS COUNTY. BOARD OF COUNTY COMMISSIONERS. Records, 1858-1938. 7.0 c.f.
    Includes proceedings (1858-1919) and indexes (for 1912-1914 only), abstracts of road minutes (1818-1890) and administrative regulations (1920-1938). S3709.
    SUBJECTS: Government Records;

  • ST. LOUIS COUNTY. COUNTY COURT. Minutes, 1858-1869. 1 vol.
    This court exercised jurisdiction over present-day St. Louis, Lake, and Cook counties. S2429.
    SUBJECTS: Government Records;

  • ST. LOUIS COUNTY. COURT HOUSE COMMISSION. Record Book, 1905-1911. 1 vol.
    Contains copies of laws which governed creation of the commission, minutes and resolutions, bills, and correspondence. S3708.
    SUBJECTS: Government Records;

  • ST. LOUIS COUNTY CIVILIAN DEFENSE COUNCIL, DULUTH. Records,
    1941-1946. 1.25 ft.
    Minutes, bulletins, committee lists, newsletters, and
    various reports. This organization was formed to carry on a
    self protection and war service program until World War II
    was won, as well as to serve as an intermediary between St.
    Louis County and the State Civilian Defense Council. S3118.
    SUBJECTS: Civil Defense: in World War II;

  • ST. LOUIS COUNTY HERITAGE AND ARTS CENTER. Interviews,
    1969-1979. 5 hours.
    Interviews with directors of area cultural centers in
    Peoria, Illinois; Rochester, Minnesota; St. Paul, Minnesota;
    and Waterloo, Iowa. Also included is an excerpt from the
    annual meeting in 1979 which contains a speech by Don Shank,
    vice president and general manager of the D.M.&I.R.
    Railroad, regarding Junior League of Duluth. S2352.
    SUBJECTS: Cultural centers, activities;

  • ST. LOUIS COUNTY HERITAGE AND ARTS CENTER. Records, 1966-
    1979. 2.5 ft.
    Correspondence, bylaws, board and committee minutes,
    publicity materials, newsclippings, tax and legal papers,
    and papers regarding the construction of the performing arts
    building. The Center began as the Area Cultural Center in
    1969 and changed to its present name in 1974. It currently
    serves as a cultural center shared by eight Duluth museums,
    art and cultural organizations in a refurbished train depot
    in Duluth. S2352.
    SUBJECTS: Cultural centers, activities;

  • ST. LOUIS COUNTY HISTORICAL SOCIETY. Records, 1922- .
    20.25 ft.
    This collection contains minutes, committee and special
    programs files, financial and administrative records, taped
    annual meeting addresses, and films. The SLCHS is the
    largest and one of the oldest (1922) county based
    historical societies in Minnesota. It maintains offices
    and a museum in the St. Louis County Heritage and Arts
    Center, Duluth, owns and operates the Eli Wirtanen Finnish
    Farmstead, provides an active program of tours, lectures,
    historic sites, and with the University of Minnesota jointly
    operates the Northeast Minnesota Historical Center. S2250.
    RESTRICTED IN PART. Patron must have written permission of
    the director of the SLCHS.
    SUBJECTS: Eli Wirtanen Finnish Farmstead, operations; Films:
    historical subjects;

  • ST. LOUIS COUNTY HUMANE SOCIETY, DULUTH. Records, 1892-
    1965. 2.5 in.
    Articles of incorporation, newsclippings, executive
    minutes, and a play written by the society. The society was
    formed in 1892 to prevent and punish cruelty especially to
    children and animals. Soon after 1919 it shifted most of
    its efforts towards the welfare of children. S3064.
    SUBJECTS: Children: welfare;

  • ST. LOUIS COUNTY INDUSTRIAL SCHOOL FOR GIRLS. Records,
    1919-1933. 3.5 in.
    Three record books of board minutes and a list of bills. The
    school was established to house and care for girls and women
    convicted of any violation that could require a sentence of
    confinement in a jail. The school trained the girls in all
    branches of domestic science. S3695.
    SUBJECTS: Children: delinquent; Crime: punishment; Education:
    correctional schools;

  • ST. LOUIS COUNTY LEAGUE FOR PLANNED PARENTHOOD, DULUTH.
    Records, 1935-1950. 1.5 ft.
    Correspondence, minutes, scrapbooks, financial records, and
    reference materials. The Duluth Maternal Health Center
    began in 1935 to inform and educate the public about birth
    control, give contraceptive advice to married women, and to
    promote the sterilization of the insane. In 1940 it changed
    to the League for Planned Parenthood and maintained a
    clinic, held seminars, and provided other public information
    activities. It disbanded in 1950. S3012.
    SUBJECTS: Birth Control, organizations; Duluth Maternal Health
    Center, organized;

  • ST. LOUIS COUNTY LEGAL SECRETARIES ASSOCIATION. Records,
    ca. 1976-1979. 6 in.
    Correspondence, bylaws, agenda and minutes, application for
    charter, financial reports, and miscellaneous items. The
    association was formed to make its members more proficient
    in their work. S2363.

  • ST.LOUIS COUNTY SOCIAL SERVICE DEPARTMENT. Records, 1932-
    1970. 38.3 ft.
    Correspondence between the department and individuals, and
    general administrative records which include committee
    reports, minutes, and policy manuals. Originally the St.
    Louis County Poor Commission, it administered relief to the
    poor. In 1937 it was renamed the St. Louis County Welfare
    Board. The Board administers relief to the poor through the
    Social Service Department of Duluth with district offices in
    Hibbing and Virginia, Minnesota. Inventory available.
    S2350.
    RESTRICTED. Access restricted until Dec. 31, 1990.

  • ST. LOUIS COUNTY TITLE COMPANY, DULUTH. Plat maps. 1924.
    2 ft.
    Printed maps showing subdivisions of the City of Duluth.
    Index included. S2305.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth: maps;

  • ST. LOUIS COUNTY WORK FARM. Records, 1913-1970. 42.5 ft.
    Administrative, financial and agricultural production
    records. Included are minutes, reports, commitment
    registers, and blueprints. The Work Farm was a minimum
    security detention facility, replaced by the Northeast
    Regional Corrections Center in 1972, with an emphasis on
    rehabilitation of prisoners. Inventory available. S2313.
    SUBJECTS: Agriculture: Produce; Architecture: drawings;
    Crime: correctional facilities;

  • ST. LUKE'S HOSPITAL, DULUTH. Records, 1888-1975. 3 in.
    Annual reports, newsclippings, pamphlets, and four
    photographs. St. Luke's Hospital was founded in 1882
    through the efforts of St. Paul's Episcopal Church and Rev.
    Charles A. Cummings. The hospital has undergone several
    building constructions and is presently located at 915 East
    lst Street, Duluth. S3067.
    SUBJECTS: Commings, Rev. Charles A., founds hospital; Episcopal
    church: hospital;

  • ST. PAUL AND DULUTH RAILROAD COMPANY. Records, 1856, 1874-
    1895. 2 in.
    The Lake Superior and Mississippi Railroad established the
    first rail service between Duluth and St. Paul in 1870. In
    1876 it became the St. Paul and Duluth Railroad. Included
    are a list of subscribers of the proposed line, time
    schedules, passes, stock certificates, and correspondence.
    S2393.

  • SANDSTONE HOSPITAL COORDINATING COMMITTEE. Records, 1951-
    1959. 0.5 in.
    This committee was formed in 1951 soon after this hospital
    for the mentally ill was established in the former federal
    prison in Sandstone, Minnesota. Its purpose was to provide
    services to the patients. Included are minutes, membership
    lists, newsclippings, awards, treasury reports, and
    correspondence. S3616.

  • SARGENT, GEORGE B. (1818-1875). Papers, 1851-1865. 3 in.
    Correspondence, newsclippings, photographs, and one
    scrapbook. Sargent served as surveyor general of the
    Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Iowa District. He was a Duluth
    resident who established the first banking house in Duluth.
    S3129.
    SUBJECTS: Banks and banking: established;

  • SATURDAY LUNCH CLUB. Records, 1926-1980. 0.5 in.
    Correspondence, membership lists, record of speakers, and
    financial materials. The club was formed to provide
    educational and social benefits to its members as well as
    contribute to education, culture and goodwill in Duluth.
    S3633.
    SUBJECTS: Education: organizations;

  • SAVE LAKE SUPERIOR ASSOCIATION. Records, 1965-1979. 3.8
    ft.
    Correspondence, minutes, articles of incorporation,
    newsletters, and exhibits for the legal case against Reserve
    Mining Company. The SLSA was an environmental organization
    with the purpose of educating people of the need to prevent
    pollution of Lake Superior. It was also involved in the
    legal case against Reserve Mining Company concerning Reserve
    dumping taconite tailings into Lake Superior. Inventory
    available. S2438.
    SUBJECTS: Environment: taconite issue;

  • SAWYER, CHARLES LINCOLN (1860-1918) AND FAMILY. Papers,
    1860-1984. 3.75 ft.
    Letters, diaries, memory books, photographs, and albums of
    the Sawyer, Bennett, and Eaton families. The Sawyer family
    lived in New Market, New Hampshire, Minneapolis, Minnesota
    and Nebraska. The papers trace the families through four
    generations. The most complete set of letters was written
    by Charles Lincoln Sawyer. S3767.
    SUBJECTS: Bennett family, papers; Eaton family, papers;

  • SAX, SOLOMAN (1866-1927). Papers, 1895-1927. 0.75 in.
    Business letters, club memberships, public office materials,
    condolences, warranty deeds and bills. Sax was an active
    citizen of Eveleth, Minnesota, who worked to promote
    forestry, better farming practices, and improved roads. He
    was involved in real estate and lumbering operations.
    S3163.

  • SCENIC CITY TOASTMISTRESS CLUB. Records, 1967-1980. 2.5
    ft.
    Correspondence, minutes, incorporation papers, financial
    statements, membership lists, committee reports,
    newsclippings and two scrapbooks. The club is designed to
    enable women to develop themselves. Training was given in
    voice, speech organization, and delivery. S2436.
    SUBJECTS: Education: self help groups;

  • SCHALLER, ROSE-MARIE (1885-?). Papers, 1905-1971. 3 in.
    Correspondence, photographs, and one scrapbook with
    newsclippings. Schaller was appointed sponsor of the
    christening of the battleship Minnesota by Gov. Johnson in
    1905. She remained active in her concern for the U.S.S.
    Minnesota which included lobbying for funds in the state
    legislature for staff comforts and supplies. She married
    Wilbur B. Joyce in 1912. S3137.

  • SCHOOL PHOTOGRAPHS, DULUTH. ca. 1890, 1920. 7 items.
    Seven photographs made by the Eclipse View Company of Duluth
    showing Washington, old Central High, exterior views with
    students and teachers, and one print of an interior view of
    Endion Annex. S3761.
    SUBJECTS: Eclipse View Co., Duluth, studio; Education: school
    photographs;

  • SCHOOL PHOTOGRAPHS, DULUTH. ca. 1920-1930. 35 items.
    Thirty-five photographs showing Duluth elementary and high
    school students participating in various school activities.
    The photographs were found in the basement of the Duluth
    Area Vocational Technical Institute and are unidentified.
    S2338.
    SUBJECTS: Education: school photographs;

  • SCHULTZ, FRANZ. Photographs, ca. 1900-1925. 11 items.
    Eight photographs are of scrapbook pages kept by Schultz, a
    former Duluthian, and three of groups of identified people
    including Schultz. S2241.

  • SCHULTZ, ROGER H. (1945- ). Papers, 1901-1920. 2 ft.
    Research files on the Lyceum Theater of Duluth are
    exclusively photocopied newsclippings from 1901 to 1920.
    Schultz came to the University of Minnesota, Duluth, to
    teach theater and wrote his dissertation on the subject of
    the Lyceum Theater. A copy of his dissertation is included.
    S2442.

  • SCOTT-GRAFF LUMBER COMPANY. Records, 1880-1967. 12.5 ft.
    Records of a St. Louis County lumber business. Records
    prior to 1890 are from the Scott-Holston Lumber Co., Duluth,
    which merged with Graff, Murray & Co., Duluth. Included are
    catalogs (1895-1920); ledgers (1882-1922), monthly records
    of sales, purchases, and rebates (1897-1898), monthly
    payrolls (1895-1899), sales journals (1890-1892), general
    journals (1880-1901), inventories (1890-1895), insurance
    appraisals of company property (1915-1956), safety records
    (1953-1967), photographs; stock certificates; and
    correspondence and memorabilia relating to a dinner honoring
    company personnel for their work during World War II.
    Inventory available. S2258.
    SUBJECTS: Catalogs: retail lumber;

  • SCOUTING SCRAPBOOK CUB SCOUT PACK 9, WASHBURN SCHOOL, DULUTH. 1957-1962. 1 vol.
    One scrapbook compiled by Roy E. Rose showing the activities
    of Cub Scout Pack Number 9 of Washburn Elementary School of
    Duluth. Included are photographs and newsclippings. S3762.
    SUBJECTS: Boy Scouts of America, Cub Scout Pack; Children:
    organizations; Children's Home Society, Duluth, records;

  • SEAWAY PORT AUTHORITY OF DULUTH. Records, 1927-1978. 85
    ft.
    Created in 1955 by the state legislature, the Seaway Port
    Authority is charged with promoting the general welfare of
    the port district, to increase the volume of commerce
    through the port, and to regulate the safe and economical
    handling of such commerce. It is governed by a seven member
    board of commissioners. The SPA oversees the Clure Public
    Port Terminal, Harbor Park and Airpark Industrial Park sites
    in the Duluth area. It also serves as the industrial
    development agent for the city of Duluth. Since the opening
    of the St. Lawrence Seaway in 1959, the Port of Duluth-
    Superior has consistently ranked in the top ten ports in the
    U.S. on the basis of total tonnage. Collection includes
    board minutes, annual reports, administrative
    correspondence, subject files and development proposals.
    Inventory available. S2348.
    SUBJECTS: Cities: planning; Duluth Port Authority;

  • SECURITY INVESTMENT COMPANY OF MINNESOTA, DULUTH. Journal,
    1887-1914. 2 in.
    One journal containing financial information, articles of
    incorporation, and minutes. The financial information seems
    to concern the Western Land and Loan Company. The Security
    Investment Company was incorporated by Herbert W. Coffin,
    Isaac H. Coffin, and Amos L. Warner in 1891. S3079.
    SUBJECTS: Coffin, Herbert W., investments; Coffin, Isaac H.,
    investments;

  • SEIP, ALBERT (1840-1915). Letter, 1911. 1 item.
    One letter from Seip to L.A. Larsen dealing with the
    Merritt-Rockefeller dispute. Seip was a Duluth lawyer,
    businessman, and county attorney. S2330.

  • SERMONS. 1877-1879. 37 pages.
    Drafts of three separate sermons which apparently were
    delivered in Duluth and Superior. All three sermons appear
    to have the same author. S2428.

  • SHANK, DONALD B. (1919- ). Manuscript, 1980. 15 pages.
    Typescript paper entitled, "Presentation to Lutheran
    Brotherhood, Superior, Wisconsin." It deals with Shank's
    views on the influence of geography and politics on the Twin
    Ports (Duluth and Superior) communities and how the location
    of the first railroad had a decisive impact on the growth of
    the two cities. Manuscript also contains a list of slides
    used in the presentation. S2336.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth: growth;

  • SHANK, DONALD B. (1919- ). Manuscript, 1979. 46 pages.
    Typescript paper entitled, "A Railroad in Change." It is a
    transcript of a slide lecture which describes the history of
    the Duluth Missabe & Iron Range Railroad and the role it
    played in the development of the Vermilion and Mesabi
    Ranges. The talk was presented as a case study on railroads
    during the Institute on Railroads at the University of
    Wisconsin, Superior. S2340.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth, Missabe, and Iron Range Railroad: history;

  • SHEFFER, WESSEL. Letter, 1857. 1 item.
    One letter written in St. Paul concerning a trip on the
    Minnesota River with some Indian passengers and a white girl
    who had been ransomed prisoner to the Indians. Sheffer
    lived in St. Paul and worked on a steamboat on the Minnesota
    River. S3624.
    SUBJECTS: Children: captured by Indians;

  • SHENANGO FURNACE COMPANY, CHISHOLM. Records, 1907-1914. 10
    items.
    The Shenango Furnace Company operated the Shenango Mine,
    located near Chisholm in St. Louis County. Included are the
    deed of trust to the Pittsburgh Trust Co., describing the
    company's property, eight photographs of the Shenango Mine
    and surrounding area, and a complaint filed against the
    company by Mary E. Cahill, an owner of the land on which the
    mine was located. The complaint concerns the company's ore
    royalty payments. S2236.
    SUBJECTS: Cahill, Mary E., land;

  • SIEGEL, JULIUS. Collection, ca. 1952-1966. 12 items.
    Ten photographs of Siegel and his Duluth pawn shop, the
    Keystone Loan, and two newspaper articles concerning the
    shop and its history. S2238.

  • SIMONDS, OMAR H. Scrapbooks, 1889-1909. 4 vol.
    Simonds was one of seven parties who incorporated the West
    Duluth Land Company in 1887 serving as general manager.
    Included is one resolution and newsclippings which cover
    such topics as lumber, mining, new water power plan,
    politics, growth of West Duluth, and schools. Inventory
    available. S3149.
    SUBJECTS: Education: schools;

  • SINTER PLANT, BABBITT, MINNESOTA. Photographs, 1920-1946.
    63 items.
    Sixty photographs of the Babbitt, Minnesota town and the
    Sinter Plant of the Mesabi Iron Company. The village of
    Babbitt began to grow in 1920 when the Mesabi Iron Company
    built its plant there. Babbitt was a "one company town
    because MIC held title to all surrounding land." One group
    of photographs was taken June 6, 1920 by W.G. Sevant. One
    photograph of the Sinter Plant employees is dated April
    1921. Also included are one newsclipping and two hand drawn
    maps. S3740.
    SUBJECTS: Babbitt: photographs;

  • SMITH, EDGAR. Papers, 1920, 1921, 1944. 3 items.
    Three letters addressed to Smith from his enlisted men.
    They all ask Smith to verify certain facts concerning their
    enlistment. Smith was in the U.S. Navy from 1903 to 1916
    and earned the rank of lieutenant. S2435.

  • SMITH, FRANK B. (1853-1935). Papers, 1898-1899. 6 items.
    Letters to Smith from a friend, Antoine, in Alaska, and
    sketches. Smith came to Superior, Wisconsin in 1856. He
    established a pharmacy there and was later a member of the
    board of education. S3608.
    SUBJECTS: Art and artists: sketches;

  • SMITH, MEIR. Photographs, 1912-1924. 44 items.
    Photographs taken by Smith showing some scenes and buildings
    of early Duluth. S3143.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth: photographs;

  • SONS OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION, DULUTH CHAPTER. Records,
    1926-1966. 5 in.
    Correspondence, minutes, bylaws, financial material, and
    other reference materials. This was a patriotic
    organization whose membership was limited to those men who
    could trace their lineage to American participants in the
    Revolutionary War. S3108.

  • SOO LINE DEPOT, DULUTH. Records, 1909-1974. 1.5 in.
    Blueprints of the depot building, photographs, and
    newsclippings. The Soo Line depot was build at 6th Avenue
    West and Superior Street, Duluth, in 1910. The architects
    were Bell, Tyrie and Chapman of Minneapolis. The Minnesota
    Highway Department bought the depot in 1966 after passenger
    service had been discontinued. The City of Duluth purchased
    the depot in 1969, razed it and sold the land to a developer
    in 1972. S3086.
    SUBJECTS: Architecture: depots; Bell, Tyrie, and Chapman,
    Minneapolis, architects;

  • SOUDAN BETTERMENT ASSOCIATION. Minutes, 1965-70. 1 vol.
    This association was organized in 1965 to administer
    municipal park renovation monies in Soudan, St. Louis
    County. S2262.

  • THE SPALDING HOTEL, DULUTH. Records, 1887-1963. 5 in.
    The Spalding Hotel was built in 1889 and was considered to
    be one of Duluth's finest. Construction was financed
    through the Spalding House Company directed by William W.
    Spalding, Andreas M. Miller, Fred W. McKinney and Luther
    Mendenhall. The hotel was designed by J.J. Egan of Chicago
    and was eventually bought by the Jed L. Washburn estate in
    1905 and sold to the Duluth Housing and Redevelopment
    Authority in 1963 to be demolished. Included are minutes,
    stock journals, a day book, brochures, menus, newsclippings
    and photographs. S3083.
    SUBJECTS: Egan, J. J., architect;

  • SPALDING, WILLIAM W. (1820-1901). Papers, 1844-1929. 0.25
    in.
    Spalding came from Pennsylvania to the Lake Superior area in
    1844 in search of copper. He moved to Duluth in 1869 and
    served as a Duluth alderman, president of the Chamber of
    Commerce, secretary of the Duluth Board of Trade and
    receiver of the U.S. Land Office. He was also the president
    of the Spalding Hotel Company. Included are two business
    letters, a travel journal and life history, and
    newsclippings. S3607.

  • SPLIT ROCK LUMBER COMPANY, DULUTH. Records, 1906. 1 item.
    The annual financial statement of this company which opened
    near the mouth of the Split Rock River. It absorbed the
    assets of the Split Rock Northern Railway Company as well as
    those of the Split Rock Improvement and Boom Company.
    S3631.

  • STANDARD SALT AND CEMENT COMPANY, DULUTH. Court transcript,
    1909. 2 in.
    This company operated in Duluth selling cement and other
    products. Collection consists of a transcript of a civil
    court case between the company and Edward C. Leidel, Henry
    A. Leidel, and Marion Douglas. The litigation grew out of
    an accident which occurred at Standard's warehouse which was
    rented from the Leidels. S3697.
    SUBJECTS: Construction industry: materials; Douglas, Marion,
    lawsuit;

  • STATE AND COUNTY AGENCY FOR THE BLIND. Annual reports,
    1928-1931. 4 items.
    Annual reports giving objectives, staff, and statistics.
    This organization operated under the State Department for
    the Blind, Children's Bureau, Board of Control and the St.
    Louis County Board of Commissioners. It operated in St.
    Louis, Carlton, Itasca, Cook, and Lake counties. S3668.
    SUBJECTS: Children: handicapped;

  • STEAMER WINYAH, DULUTH. Log book, 1933-1935. 1 in.
    Ship's log book noting route, time, and weather conditions
    of the 18 voyages of the steamer Winyah, a freighter that
    served commercial fishermen along the north shore of Lake
    Superior and Isle Royale. Also included is a pamphlet of
    regulations concerning the Duluth-Superior Harbor. S3084.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth: harbor;

  • STEARNS, OZORA PIERSON. (1831-1896). Papers, 1862-1896. 1
    in.
    Personal letters, a speech, his will, a list of his property
    (1893), military appointment certificates, various documents
    relating to the practice of law, and certificates relating
    to the U.S. Supreme Court and the regents of Michigan State
    University. Stearns held a law degree from the University
    of Michigan, served in the Union Army, (1862-65), and was a
    state senator (1871) from Olmsted County in Minnesota. He
    came to Duluth in 1872 and held the eleventh district
    judgeship for twenty years. He died in California and is
    buried in Duluth. S3606.
    SUBJECTS: Civil War: veterans;

  • STEPHENSON PHOTOGRAPH COLLECTION. Photographs, 1907-1909.
    18 items.
    Ten photographs of Burntside Lake Indians, their homes,
    canoes, children, and a woman working on a basket;
    photographs of the lake, islands, and Pattison Lodge.
    Burntside Lake is near Ely, Minnesota. S3734.
    SUBJECTS: Burntside Lake, St. Louis County, photographs;
    Canoeing: photographs; Children: Indian;

  • STEVENS, S. GEORGE (1869-1949). Papers, 1888-1949. 3 in.
    Correspondence, articles and newsclippings, drawings and
    photographs, and legal documents concerning patents.
    Stevens was a Duluth patent attorney and naturalist. He
    maintained a bird sanctuary at his Fond du Lac home known as
    " Balm o'Gilead." S3091.
    SUBJECTS: Art and artists: drawings; Birds: sanctuaries;

  • STOCKER, CLARA (?-1973). Papers, 1925-1973. 2 in.
    Clara Stocker, daughter of Stella P. Stocker, was a Duluth
    musician who studied under Maurice Jacquet in New York and
    at the University of Grenoble, the Sorbonne, and Columbia
    University. She wrote music reviews and critiques for
    Duluth newspapers, and published articles on Finnish
    folklore. She also composed music, some of which was
    published. Included are articles written by Stocker, and
    newsclippings. S3090.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth: newspapers; Finns, folklore; Folklore,
    Finnish;

  • STOCKER, STELLA PRINCE (1858-1925). Papers, 1894-1925. 3
    in.
    Stella Prince Stocker was a Duluth musician and founder of
    the Duluth Cecilian Chorale Society. She composed a number
    of vocal and instrumental pieces, including the pageant,
    " Sieur DuLhut." She was also an authority on American
    Indian culture, and corresponded with Frances Densmore.
    Included are articles and music written by Stocker,
    photographs, newsclippings, two scrapbooks, and two diaries.
    The photograph album depicts Indians and corresponds to the
    1916-17 diaries of trips onto Minnesota reservations.
    There is also one letter from Densmore. S3089.
    SUBJECTS: Cecilian Chorale Society, Duluth: founded; Densmore,
    Frances, letter; Du Lhut, Daniel Greysolon: pageant;

  • STONE-ORDEAN-WELLS COMPANY, DULUTH. Records, 1889-1919. 5
    items.
    The company was started in 1872 by William R. Stone. It
    later became Stone & Ordean Company when Albert A. Ordean
    joined. In 1896 the company absorbed Wells-Stone Co. to
    become Stone-Ordean-Wells Company. They dealt in wholesale
    groceries from their waterfront location in Duluth.
    Included are business letters, a bank note, and one bond.
    S3612.

  • STRICKLER, GERTRUDE OLMSTED (1860-1896). Autograph album,
    1875-1880. 1 in.
    A Duluth resident, Strickler graduated from the Duluth High
    School's first class in 1879, and was later appointed
    assistant principal of the Duluth High School. The album
    contains the signatures of numerous friends and
    aquaintances. S2458.
    SUBJECTS: Autograph Album;

  • STUNTZ, ALBERT (1825-1914). Papers, 1856. 2 items.
    Stuntz, a brother of George R. Stuntz, was an early settler
    of the Duluth-Superior area who worked as a surveyor.
    Included are a school bond and a survey report. S3610.
    SUBJECTS: Education: school bond;

  • STUNTZ, GEORGE R. (1820-1902). Papers, 1852-1888, 1907. 31
    items, 45 pages.
    Stuntz came to the Duluth-Superior area as a government
    surveyor in 1852. He set up a trading post on Minnesota
    Point and worked to open the Vermilion Range. Included are
    28 items pertaining to the Vermilion Road construction, 3
    additional items relate to other survey sites. Receipts,
    reports, letters, petitions, surveys, and diploma. S3609.

  • SUPERIOR GAZETTE, SUPERIOR, WISCONSIN. Subscription book,
    1864-1881. 0.5 in.
    The Superior Gazette was a paper published by Richard Relf.
    S3103.

  • SUPERIOR NATIONAL FOREST CULTURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT.
    Reports, 1982-1984. 3 vol.
    Three annual reports from 1982, 1983, and 1984. S3769.
    SUBJECTS: Forests: resource management;

  • SWAN RIVER LOGGING COMPANY, LTD. Journal, 1903-1910. 2 in.
    This company, a partnership of Saginaw, Michigan,
    individuals, was formed in 1892 to log certain northern
    Minnesota lands on a contract basis. These lands had been
    sold to the Pine Tree Lumber Company by the Swan River
    Logging Company. The corporation was acquired by the Great
    Northern Railway in 1899. Consists of one journal of
    expense account information. S3101.

  • SWANSTROM, EMANUEL G. (1837-1910). Papers, 1860-1886. 7
    items.
    Swanstrom came from Sweden to Duluth in the 1850s. He
    served in the state legislature and state senate. He also
    held many county offices and was receiver of the U.S. Land
    Office. He settled in Oneota and worked to develop this
    western area of Duluth, which earned him the title of
    " Father of the West End." Included are correspondence and
    photographs. S3605.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth: growth;

  • SWEENEY-LAMONT, BARBARA (1948- ). Papers, 1973-1974.
    7.5 ft.
    Working papers of Mrs. David Lamont, administrative and
    research director of the Commerce and Economic Development
    Committee and the Financial Institutions and Insurance
    Committee of the Minnesota House of Representatives.
    Correspondence, research papers, press releases, memos,
    campaign materials, and information on governmental
    processes. Inventory available. S2356.
    SUBJECTS: Elections: campaigns;

  • SWENDSON, GUSTAV. Account books, 1887-92, 1908-1910. 4
    vol.
    Four account books from Swendson's retail store, the Market
    Grocery, in Duluth. S3004.

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  • TAYLOR, GORHAM A. (1866-1936). Notebooks, 1906-1917. 1 in.
    Taylor was chief assistant engineer for the U.S. district
    engineer's office in Duluth from 1893 to 1928. The
    notebooks contain sketches, surveys, and other engineering
    notes. S3178.
    SUBJECTS: Art and artists: sketches; Engineers: projects;

  • TELANDER, RORY JOHN (ca. 1957- ). Paper, 1977. 1 item.
    Paper entitled "Commercial Fishing on the North Shore"
    written by Telander as an undergraduate at the University of
    Minnesota, Duluth. The paper is based on oral history
    interviews with Lake Superior fishermen. S2215.
    SUBJECTS: Fishing: commercial;

  • TELFORD, WORTHINGTON S. (1871-1961). Papers, 1917-1922.
    0.5 in.
    Telford was the local chairman of the Military Training
    Camps Association, acting assistant recruiting agent for the
    Officers Training Camps and was civilian aide to the
    adjutant general during World War I. Included is
    correspondence concerning his work in these areas. S3604.

  • TEMPLE ISRAEL. Records, 1969-1984. 0.5 ft.
    Minutes, bylaws, and financial records of the merger of two
    Duluth congregations, Temple Emanuel and Tifereth Israel, in
    1969. S3749.
    RESTRICTED. Until April 26, 2000, patron must receive
    written permission from board president of Temple Israel.

  • TENNEY, FRANK C. (1884-1966) AND FAMILY. Papers, 1851-1967.
    0.25 in.
    Frank Tenney formed the Tenney Company, a grain commission
    firm. He was chairman of the Duluth Branch of the American
    Red Cross, and he received several medals from his service
    in World War I. Included are items from his father
    William's scrapbook and correspondence and certificates of
    Frank C. S3603.
    SUBJECTS: American Red Cross: Leaders;

  • THE FOUR SEASONS. Film, 1939.
    Color 8mm film, 30 minutes long. The film shows various
    scenes around Duluth during the different seasons. It shows
    the St. Louis River, the Aerial Bridge, and the streetcar
    line operating on its last day of service in 1939. S3022.
    SUBJECTS: Bridges: lift; Duluth: scenes filmed; Films: Duluth
    scenes; "Four Seasons," film;

  • THEATER PROGRAMS AND CIRCULARS. 1881-1975. 3 in.
    An assortment of theater, opera, and movie theater programs
    and circulars removed from the clippings files of the St.
    Louis County Historical Society. S3714. See related
    collections 317 and 383.

  • THOMPSON, MARK J. (1884-?). Papers, 1918-1962. 1.25 ft.
    Thompson was Superintendent of the University of Minnesota's
    Northeast Agricultural Experiment Station at Duluth for 40
    years. He had a weekly column in the Stock and Dairy Farmer
    and the Cooperative Builder, along with a weekly radio
    program. Included are correspondence, newsclippings, and
    eight scrapbooks. S3107.

  • THURSTON, C. M. Photographs, ca. 1890-1935. 131 items.
    Thurston is believed to have resided in Duluth from 1902 to
    1905. He was an engine crew member on the Northern Pacific
    Railway Co. He moved to Alaska in 1906. The photographs
    are of his family life: home interiors, Christmas, Lincoln
    Park, buildings, boats, and various family members. Dr.
    Theodora Bahr, a Duluth chiropodist, is in some of the
    photographs. S3748.
    SUBJECTS: Bahr, Dr. Theodora, photographs; Boats and boating:
    photographs; Christmas: photographs;

  • TILDERQUIST, PETER O. (1833-1901) AND FAMILY. Papers, 1857-
    1960. 3.75 ft.
    Tilderquist's family settled in Vasa, Goodhue County,
    Minnesota, after immigrating from Sweden. They were active
    in local Swedish religious activities and community affairs.
    Included is correspondence written by four of Peter
    Tilderquist's children: Alice Minnie Gibson, Eva
    Tilderquist, Anna Lavinia Anderson, and David Tilderquist.
    David moved to Duluth in 1904, followed by four of David's
    sisters. Inventory available. S2251.
    SUBJECTS: Anderson, Anna Lavinia, letters;

  • TINTYPE PHOTOGRAPHS. ca. 1875-1885. 9 items.
    This collection contains nine tintypes of three sizes: one
    is 4x5.5, one is a "gem", and the remaining seven are
    2.5x3.5 inches. All are unidentified portrait photographs.
    S3785.

  • TOWER, CHARLEMAGNE, JR. (1848-1923). Letters, 1883, 1890.
    3 items.
    Three letters, one to Capt. Flynn from Tower and two to
    Tower who came to Duluth to oversee his father's iron
    properties in the Soudan area. He was president of the
    Duluth and Iron Range Railroad and the director of the
    Minnesota Iron Company. He left Duluth in 1887 and later
    served as ambassador to Russia, Austria, and Germany.
    S3602.

  • TOWER, MINNESOTA. Film, 1934. 1 reel.
    One film of the dedication of a monument commemorating the
    first iron ore shipment in the state, which was shipped from
    Soudan in 1884. This monument is located near the Soudan
    Mine. S2404.
    SUBJECTS: Films: monument dedication;

  • TOWNSHIP OF MEADOWLANDS, MINNESOTA. Records, 1904-1953. 1
    vol.
    One volume of the Township of Meadowlands birth and death
    records. The births are from October 2, 1904 to October 22,
    1948. The deaths are from March l5, 1910 to February 28,
    1953. S3743. RESTRICTED.

  • TRIBUNE PRINTING COMPANY, DULUTH. Ledgers, 1882-1893. 6
    vol.
    Robert Chalmers Mitchell began the Duluth Tribune in 1870
    after he had moved his newspaper activities from Superior to
    Duluth. The Tribune Printing Company published the Tribune
    until 1889 and Mitchell was its president. Consists of six
    financial ledgers of accounts, daily cash receipts, and
    jobs. See related collection 347. S3028.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth Tribune, publisher;

  • TRINITY CATHEDRAL, DULUTH. Records, 1898-1969. 4 in.
    Trinity Cathedral was erected in 1906 to house an
    Episcopalian parish. It was sold in 1955 to the Mt. Olive
    Lutheran Church. Included are memorabilia, minutes,
    photographs, publications, annual reports, and
    newsclippings. S3063.
    SUBJECTS: Episcopal church: cathedral

  • TRUELSEN, CASPER HENRY (1844-1931). Papers, 1896-1932. 3
    in.
    Truelsen served in Duluth as alderman, sheriff, and public
    works commissioner. In 1896 he was elected mayor during the
    famous clean water concern of the middle 1890s. Included
    are correspondence and newsclippings. S3151.

  • TUPPER, GEORGE (1863-1952). Papers, 1916-1938. 0.75 in.
    Tupper came to Duluth from Nova Scotia. He worked in the
    paper, stationary, and notion business until 1924, and then
    with the clerk of district court. He was a member of the
    Tupper Family Association whose members traced their family
    line back to Thomas Tupper who came to Sandwich,
    Massachusetts, in 1635. Included are articles on the Tupper
    Family Association, reunion notices, correspondence, and
    Tupper's own life history. S3601.

  • TWENTIETH CENTURY CLUB. Records, ca. 1898-1982. 1.5 ft.
    Records of a St. Louis County women's philanthropic
    organization affiliated with the Minnesota Federation of
    Women's Clubs. Included are minutes and a scrapbook of
    newsclippings. S2301.

  • TWIN PORTS WOMEN'S GROWTH CENTER. Records, 1973-1977. 1
    ft.
    The center was established to provide therapy and support
    services to women and men and to establish education
    programs and public discussion concerning the changing roles
    of women. Included are minutes, correspondence, financial
    records, membership files, personnel records, publicity, and
    newsclippings. S2290.

  • TWINING, CHARLES. Lecture, 1979. 30 minutes.
    Address entitled, "Furs, Faith, and Faraway Places," which
    dealt with the development of the Lake Superior portion of
    the fur trade and the interrelations between trapper and
    trader and Indian and French. Presented at the conference,
    " A Rendezvous With History." S2349.

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  • UNIFIED AIR CONDITIONER COMPANY. Booklet, 1935. 1 item.
    One booklet from this Duluth company explaining how their
    air conditioning worked and how it was installed and
    controlled. S3621.
    SUBJECTS: Air Conditioning, company;

  • UNION MATCH COMPANY, DULUTH. Records, 1916-1923. 1 in.
    Minutes of stockholders' and board of directors' meetings of
    this Duluth company located at 51st Avenue West and
    Roosevelt Street. It was sold in 1923 to the Federal Match
    Corporation of Delaware. S3082.

  • UNITED BAPTIST CHRISTIAN CHURCH, DULUTH. Records, 1891-
    1948. 3 in.
    This church was created when the First Christian Church and
    the First Baptist Church merged in 1929. Included are
    newsclippings, minutes, photographs, a building fund ledger,
    and a record book of members, marriages, and deaths. S3062.
    SUBJECTS: Baptist church, congregations; Christian church,
    congregation; First Baptist Church, Duluth, merger;
    First Christian Church, Duluth, merger;

  • UNITED CITIZENS FOR CLEAN WATER AND AIR. Records, 1947-
    1978. 1.25 ft.
    This Duluth area environmental organization grew in
    membership in the mid-1970s when it became known that the
    Reserve Mining Company was dumping asbestos-like fibers into
    Lake Superior. Included are correspondence, publications
    and reports dealing with the Reserve Mining controversy, and
    information on the UCCWA. S2372.
    SUBJECTS: Environment: taconite issue;

  • UNITED NORTHERN SPORTSMEN, DULUTH. Records, 1950-1975. 5
    ft.
    Scrapbooks, government reports, newspaper clippings, and
    study files of this northern Minnesota conservation
    organization. S2222.
    SUBJECTS: Conservation, organizations

  • UNITED SERVICE ORGANIZATION. Records, 1941-1968. 4 in.
    Information on the USO in Duluth including correspondence,
    newsclippings, photographs, annual reports, minutes,
    pamphlets, and insurance policies. S3135.

  • UNITED SPANISH WAR VETERANS, BUTLER-WILKENSON AUXILIARY #14, HIBBING, MINNESOTA. Records, 1925-1966. 8 in.
    The auxiliary was formed to promote and publicize issues of
    concern to the veterans of the Spanish-American War.
    Included are correspondence, minutes, reports of
    conventions, an account book, and scrapbooks which contain
    photographs, newsclippings, and memorabilia. S3019.

  • UNITED SPANISH WAR VETERANS OF DULUTH, JOHN G. McEWEN CAMP
    NUMBER 6.
    Records, 1908-1960. 6 in.
    Promoted issues of concern to veterans of the Spanish-
    American War. Included are minutes, financial records,
    correspondence, applications for membership, and
    miscellaneous materials pertaining to the camp's activities.
    S2382.

  • UNITED SPANISH WAR VETERANS, JOHN G. McEWEN AUXILIARY POST
    NUMBER 3.
    Records, 1909-1967. 3.75 ft.
    This women's auxiliary was formed to promote issues of
    concern to veterans of the Spanish-American War. Included
    are reports, minutes, ledgers, correspondence, receipts, and
    publications. S2274.

  • UNITED STATES ARMY, 13TH DIVISION ROSTER. 1917-1918. 1
    item.
    A list of the members of the Thirteenth Division, divided
    into brigades, regiments, and platoons. They include troops
    from Minnesota, Iowa, Nebraska, and South Dakota. S3649.

  • UNITED STATES CIRCUIT COURT DISTRICT OF MINNESOTA. Records,
    1871. 2 items.
    The Duluth ship canal was dug through Minnesota Point in
    1870 to benefit the Duluth harbor. The City of Superior,
    fearing that the canal would change the flow of water
    through their ship entry, brought suit against Duluth to
    halt the construction. This collection contains two Circuit
    Court of the United States Bills of Complaint against the
    City of Duluth. S3667.
    SUBJECTS: Courts: records; Duluth: canal;

  • UNITED STATES CORPS OF ENGINEERS. Records, 1886-1955. 5
    ft.
    Correspondence, congressional reports and acts affecting the
    Duluth area, City of Duluth resolutions, project reports,
    employee information, newsclippings, transcripts on harbor
    activities, and a scrapbook. Inventory available. S3176.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth: engineering work; Engineers: projects;

  • UNITED STATES GENERAL LAND OFFICE, DULUTH DISTRICT.
    Records, 1857-1873. 1 vol.
    U.S. public lands in northeast Minnesota were originally
    sold in Buchanan, a townsite located on the shore of Lake
    Superior near the mouth of the Knife River. The U.S.
    District General Land Office was moved to Portland in 1859.
    Portland later became a part of the city of Duluth.
    Includes outgoing correspondence from the Buchanan, Portland
    and Duluth land offices. S3707.
    SUBJECTS: Buchanan, land office; Duluth: land office;

  • UNITED STATES HIGHWAY 61. Records, 1937-1943. 0.25 in.
    Highway 61 runs between Duluth and Thunder Bay, Ontario.
    The stretch of road between the Reservation River and Pigeon
    River originally ran several miles inland. The road was
    relocated along the shore which provided a more direct path.
    Included are notes and correspondence concerning the
    relocation. S3676.

  • UNITED STATES NAVY. Records, 1903-1913. 1 in.
    Enlistment record of sailors who enlisted in Duluth. It
    shows pertinent information about the enlistment as well as
    a rating of sailors' professional qualifications and
    conduct. S2402.

  • UNITED STATES STEEL CORPORATION, AMERICAN STEEL AND WIRE DIVISION. Records, 1956-1960. 0.25 in.
    This division began in Duluth in 1956 and produced concrete
    pipe, building and pavement fabric made of wire mesh.
    Included are descriptions of the new plant, a news release,
    one tour folder, and two booklets (with photographs) on the
    Duluth plant. S3641.
    SUBJECTS: Construction industry: materials;

  • UNITED STATES TREASURY DEPARTMENT, BUREAU OF CUSTOMS, DULUTH. Records, 1892-1954. 4 items.
    Correspondence concerning regulations and invoices. S3679.

  • UNITED WAY OF GREATER DULUTH, MINNESOTA. Records, 1910-
    1975. 2 ft.
    The system of charitable agencies soliciting funds under one
    organization began with the Associated Charities of Duluth
    in 1893. In 1948 it became the Community Chest. In 1962 it
    changed its name to the United Fund, which then became the
    United Way in 1971. Included are annual reports,
    newsclippings, newsletters, promotional materials, and
    working papers. Also included are correspondence,
    demographic data on the Duluth area, and a study
    investigating the possibility for increased cooperation
    among the three sheltered workshops in Duluth--Duluth
    Lighthouse for the Blind, Goodwill Industries, and Duluth
    Sheltered Workshop. Inventory available. S3066.
    SUBJECTS: Associated Charities of Duluth, records; Community
    Chest, records; Duluth Lighthouse for the Blind;
    Duluth Sheltered Workshop: funding;

  • UNITED WEST END--CITIZENS' ORGANIZATIONS ACTING TOGETHER.
    Records, 1975-1979. 0.5 ft.
    This organization began with the formation of several block
    clubs in 1974, after a neighborhood needs survey was
    conducted by students of UMD's School of Social Development.
    The block clubs incorporated under the name United West End
    and addressed various community issues such as drug abuse,
    physical deterioration of the neighborhood, and housing
    problems. Included are agenda and minutes, correspondence,
    newsclippings, circulars, reports, and newsletters. S2273.
    RESTRICTED. Until Jan. 1, 1990, patron must request access
    from the director of UWE-COACT.
    SUBJECTS: Cities: Urban Renewal; Duluth: community issues;

  • UNIVERSAL AIR FILTER CORPORATION. Bulletins, ca. 1935. 4
    items.
    Four bulletins from this Duluth company explaining the need
    for air filters, how they work, and where they have been
    installed. S3620.
    .i.Air Filters, companies;

  • UPPER CUYUNA LAND COMPANY. Records, 1912. 11 items.
    The Upper Cuyuna Land Company operated out of Minneapolis
    with George Roberts as president. It was involved in buying
    lands containing iron ore on the Cuyuna Range. Included is
    correspondence concerning the company's lease, lands,
    exploration, and the health of Mr. Roberts. S3659.
    SUBJECTS: Cuyuna Iron Range: lands;

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  • VAN KLEEK, ROBERT S. Manuscript, 1978. 27 pages.
    Unpublished manuscript entitled, "A Brief History of the
    Early Years in West Duluth." It covers the time from about
    1855 to 1859. The talk was given to the St. Louis County
    Historical Society in 1978. S2329.

  • VERMILLION FALLS GOLD MINING COMPANY. Stock certificate,
    1867. 1 item.
    A stock certificate for one share issued to William P.
    Farrilt. S2279.
    SUBJECTS: Farrilt, William P., investment;

  • VON PHUL INSPECTION TOUR. Film, 1936. 1 reel.
    450 ft. of 16mm, black and white, silent film of a mining
    inspection trip and tour conducted by U. S. Steel and Ford,
    Bacon and Davis, Inc. Included are scenes of Morgan Park in
    Duluth, the Kitchi Gammi Club, Two Harbors, the Vermilion
    Range, Hibbing, and the Duluth ore docks. Inventory of
    subtitles used is available. S3026.
    SUBJECTS: Docks: film; Films: of mining; Films: Duluth
    scenes;

  • VOYAGEURS NATIONAL PARK. Newclippings, 1948-1980. 4.75 ft.
    Newsclippings compiled by the staff of the Voyageurs
    National Park pertaining to the park and park related issues
    such as hunting, fishing, and boundaries. Inventory
    available. S2387.
    SUBJECTS: Fishing: in parks;

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  • WALTER BUTLER SHIPBUILDER'S BASKETBALL TEAM. Scrapbook,
    1944-1945. 1 vol.
    This was a company team organized to play against other
    company teams in the Duluth Senior Basketball League.
    Consists of one scrapbook of newsclippings, correspondence,
    and membership lists. The two teams of the Walter Butler
    Company were called Riverside Butler and Superior Butler.
    There are nine company teams noted in the newsclippings.
    S3752.
    SUBJECTS: Basketball, teams; Duluth Senior Basketball League,
    teams;
  • WARNER, LAURA ALSORD. Letters, 1885-1886. 5 items.
    Five letters to Warner from her mother, S.F. Stewart.
    S3180.

  • WATTS, ALFRED E. Papers, 1893-1921. 1 in.
    Watts lived in Duluth, and worked for the U.S. engineer's
    office. He received six patents on his inventions and
    started the Ship Draft Register Company in Duluth. Included
    is material on Watts's inventions: patents, photographs,
    articles, diagrams, and testimonials. Also included are
    photographs of the 3rd Infantry, Minnesota National Guard.
    S3627.
    SUBJECTS: Engineers: inventions;

  • WDTH RADIO INTERVIEWS ON LABOR IN DULUTH. Oral histories,
    1980. 2 hrs.
    Three interviews dealing with union organizing activities,
    factory working conditions, labor politics, and the
    experiences of a Croatian immigrant in northern Minnesota.
    Interviewed were Earl Bester, Nick Borovack, and Joe Paszak.
    S2369.
    SUBJECTS: Bester, Earl, labor leader; Borovack, Nick, labor
    leader; Croatian, immigrants;

  • WEAVER, ROGER M. Papers, 1918-1919. 0.5 in.
    Major Weaver of the Minnesota Home Guard was the officer in
    charge of the Duluth Military District during the Duluth
    forest fire of 1918. Included are newsclippings and reports
    about the fire. S3144.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth: fire; Fires: forest; Forests: fires;

  • WELCOME WAGON NEWCOMERS CLUB OF DULUTH. Records, 1948-1985.
    2.5 ft.
    This open collection contains records of the Duluth chapter
    and its sub-chapters: The Luncheon Club, the Tuesday and
    Wednesday Groups. Included are minutes, correspondence,
    constitution and bylaws, financial records, yearbooks,
    membership lists, and newsclippings. The club is a social,
    patriotic and civic organization for new residents in Duluth
    and undertakes at least one charitable project each year.
    S2351.

  • WELLS, INGRID KAINU (1912- ). Papers, ca. 1954-1965. 6
    in.
    Papers include information on Wells's 1956 campaign for the
    Minnesota legislature district 57, St. Louis County,
    materials relating to her position as assistant postmaster
    of Duluth (1963-1965), and her work with the Arrowhead
    Council on the Status of Women (1961-1966). Also includes a
    speech given as vice-president of the Voyageurs National
    Park Assn. S2246. See related collection 583.
    SUBJECTS: Arrowhead Council on the Status of Women, activities;
    Duluth: postmasters; .i.Elections: campaigns;

  • WEST DULUTH COMMERCIAL CLUB, DULUTH. Records, 1898-1933.
    1.5 ft.
    Originally known as the West Duluth Businessmen's
    Association, it became the West Duluth Commercial Club in
    1902 under the guidance of Hansen Evesmith, Lucien A.
    Barnes, William B. Mallough, George Cruikshank, and Emil J.
    Zauf. The club was instrumental in attracting business to
    West Duluth. It disbanded around 1937. Included are
    minutes, a membership dues ledger, correspondence, a book of
    banquets, and newsclippings. S3008.
    SUBJECTS: Barnes, Lucien A., civic leader; Cruikshank, George,
    civic leader; Evesmith, Hansen, civic leader;

  • WEST END BACHELOR CLUB, DULUTH. Records, 1951-1954. 0.5
    in.
    Minutes of a Duluth social club formerly located at 1909
    West Superior Street. The club also owned a meeting hall on
    the Cloquet River. S3053.

  • WESTERN LAKE SUPERIOR SANITARY DISTRICT. Records, 1971-
    1981. 1.25 ft.
    Minutes, reports, and policy statements of this organization
    formed in accordance with the provisions of the Act
    Providing for the Creation of a Sanitary Sewer Board (S.F.
    1294, Ch. 478). Inventory available. S2287.

  • WETKA, DAVE (1895-1958?). Papers, 1917-1954. 0.25 in.
    Wetka immigrated from Russia to the United States and joined
    the U.S. Army in Missouri. He worked on Great Lakes
    freighters. Included are a naturalization certificate, army
    enlistment records, and Lake Carrier's Association
    membership cards. S3199.

  • WHEELER, BERT N. (1870-1948). Papers, 1923-1927. 1.5 in.
    Wheeler, a Duluth native, was elected safety commisssioner
    by the city council in 1923. He was active in community,
    school, church, and welfare activities. Included are
    newsclippings concerning several community issues. S3153.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth: safety commissioner;

  • WHITE, BRUCE. Lecture, 1979. 30 min.
    Address entitled, "The Americanization of the Fond du Lac
    Fur Trade," which dealt with the transition from British to
    American control of the fur trade of Northern Minnesota
    following the War of 1812. Presented at the conference, "A
    Rendezvous With History." S2349.
    SUBJECTS: British: in fur trade; Fond du Lac, post;

  • WHITE, THOMAS. Logbook, 1906-1907. 1 item.
    One log book of vessels passing through the Duluth canal.
    White was the lighthouse keeper in Duluth from 1904 to 1912.
    S3198.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth: canal;

  • WHITELY, JAMES H. Letterpress books, ca. 1893-1902. 2 vol.
    Two letterpress books of Whitely, a Duluth lawyer,
    containing business correspondence. S2293.

  • WHITTAKER, MARIAN. Manuscript, ca. 1957. 12 pages.
    Unpublished manuscript entitled, "The Mesaba, The Merritts,
    and the D.M. & N.," written by Whittaker, an elementary
    school teacher. S2268.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth, Missabe, and Northern Railroad: built;

  • WIELAND, CHARLES C. (1851-1932). Letterpress book, 1882-
    1914. 1 vol.
    One letterpress book of business correspondence covering
    Wieland's years in Beaver Bay as Lake County treasurer, his
    association with Wieland Brothers in Duluth, and his realty
    business. S3115.

  • WIELAND, OTTO E. (1870-1943). Papers, 1925-1972. 1 in.
    Wieland was born in Beaver Bay where his father and uncles
    operated a lumber mill. He later taught school in Duluth,
    was involved in real estate, and held the office of
    president of the St. Louis County Historical Society from
    1937 until his death. Included are newsclippings,
    correspondence, and several manuscripts. Inventory
    available. S3130.

  • WILLIAMS, ADDIE WILKINSON. Papers, 1872-1879. 0.5 in.
    Williams was a teacher in Duluth from 1877 to 1879.
    Included are a report card, second grade teaching
    certificate, two record books for Miss Wilkinson's select
    school, compositions by her, and a photograph of Clifford
    Wilkinson. S3196.
    SUBJECTS: Education: schools;

  • WILLIAMS, EDITH M. Papers, ca. 1920. 11 items.
    The collection contains poems by Edith Williams. S3197.

  • WILSON, H. WATSON, JR. Interview, 1977. 33 pages.
    As the final secretary of the Board of Trade of Duluth,
    Wilson provided information on the board of trade
    collection; explanations of various documents (their use and
    significance), and descriptions of the relationship of the
    bureaus of the board of trade to the board. See related
    collection 45. S2210.
    SUBJECTS: Board of Trade, Duluth, activities;

  • WISTED JUNIOR AUXILIARY OF AMERICAN LEGION. Records, ca.
    1937-1941. 6 in.
    Correspondence, scrapbooks, and music scores. The auxiliary
    was set up to aid the war disabled, and to improve the
    community as well as individuals. Inventory available.
    S2309.
    SUBJECTS: American Legion, auxiliaries; Children: organizations;

  • WOMEN'S CHRISTIAN TEMPERANCE UNION, DULUTH. Records, 1916-
    1980. 1.5 ft.
    The local chapter of the world-wide organization formed to
    promote total abstinence and the abolition of liquor
    manufacture and sale. Included are the records of the four
    Duluth area WCTU branches: Alice/Willard Theyer Union, Anna
    Gordon Union, West End Union, and Scandinavian Union.
    Includes minutes (1909-15, 1933-80), financial records
    (1934-71), print items, newsclippings. Inventory
    available. S3755.

  • WOMEN IN BUSINESS. Oral history Project, 1979. 12 hrs.
    Nine women discussing their reasons for entering various
    professions, including doctor, lawyer, arts administrator,
    library director, banker, small business owner, and business
    employees. Participants were Vicki L. Anderson, Donna
    Creps, June Ellefson, Rita Hutchens, Nancy Josephs, Mary
    Mitchell, Pam Rowe, Jan Schroeder, and Shirley Swain. Index
    available. S2320.
    SUBJECTS: Anderson, Vicki L., business; Creps, Donna, business;
    Ellefson, June, business;

  • WOMEN IN POLITICS IN DULUTH. Oral history Project, 1978-
    1979. 33 hrs.
    Fifteen women discussing their involvement in politics.
    Participants were Lurline Baker, Maureen "Meg" Bye, Donna
    Churchill, Diedre Dodge, Mary Evans, Judith Lambert Fisher,
    Violet "Vi" Griffiths, Lois Kundel, Arlene Lehto, Julia
    Marshall, Maney Pearson, Mary Ryland, Mary Van Evera,
    Katherine Watters, and Ingrid Wells. Ten transcribed, 441
    pages. S2291.
    SUBJECTS: Baker, Lurline, politics; Bye, Maureen ("Meg"),
    politics; Churchill, Donna, politics; Dodge, Diedre,
    politics; Evans, Mary, politics; Fisher, Judith
    Lambert, politics;

  • WOMEN'S AUXILIARY TO THE DISABLED AMERICAN VETERANS OF DULUTH. Records, 1927-1975. 5.25 ft.
    The purpose of the auxiliary was to help promote issues of
    concern to disabled veterans and their dependents. Included
    are minutes, correspondence, reports, records of
    expenditures, publications, and scrapbooks. S2255.
    SUBJECTS: Disabled American Veterans, auxiliaries;

  • WOMEN'S INSTITUTE OF DULUTH. Records, 1941-1981. 4.5 ft.
    This organization was formed to promote civic, cultural, and
    social activities in the Duluth area. It was sponsored by
    the Duluth Herald & News Tribune newspaper. Included are
    records on the artists and performers brought to Duluth:
    contracts, correspondence, publicity materials, and
    photographs. Also included are meeting minutes, committee
    reports, newsclippings, correspondence, invitations,
    programs, and three safety scrapbooks. Inventory available.
    S2374.
    SUBJECTS: Art and artists: contracts; Duluth News Tribune:
    sponsors group;

  • WOODLAND HILLS HOME. Records, 1975-1977. 0.5 in.
    Woodland Hills is a residential treatment center for
    troubled youth in Duluth. The collection contains "A Study
    of the Feasibility of Establishing a Self Dependent Living
    Skills Program," prepared by Burt Galaway. Also included
    are related documents, correspondence, and reports. S2341.
    SUBJECTS: Children: residential homes;

  • WOOLSON, ALBERT (1847-1956). Papers, 1928-1965. 1 ft.
    Woolson was the last survivor of the Union Army in the Civil
    War. He settled in Duluth and remained there until his
    death at the age of 109. He was an active member of the
    Grand Army of the Republic. Included are correspondence,
    articles, awards, poems and songs, and newsclippings. The
    correspondence includes letters from General MacArthur,
    President Eisenhower, and Hubert Humphrey. S3018.
    SUBJECTS: Civil War: veterans; Eisenhower, Dwight D., letter;

    BACK TO TOP

  • YEAR-ROUND SCHOOL COMMITTEE. Records, 1972. 3 in.
    The committee, looking into an extended school year for the
    Duluth schools, was appointed by the Duluth School Board.
    Included are membership lists, memoranda, study materials
    from other communities, and correspondence. S3775.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth Public Schools; Education: school year;

  • YOUMANS, BERTHA. Papers, 1880. 2 items.
    Extract from board of education minutes regarding Youmans'
    resignation as teacher for the Duluth public schools, and
    cover letter from the clerk of the board of education.
    S2452.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth Public Schools;

  • YOUNG MEN'S CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION, DULUTH. Records, 1904-
    1977. 9 in.
    The Duluth Y.M.C.A. was organized in 1882. Julius Barnes
    and Ward Ames, Jr. contributed funds to construct a building
    in 1916. Norman D. McLeod was the longest standing general
    secretary from 1936 to 1948.
    Included are newsclippings, photographs, bulletins, articles
    of incorporation, meeting reports, plans, instructor's
    manual, three scrapbooks, and the Camp Miller Book of
    Reports. S3125.
    SUBJECTS: Ames, Ward, Jr., civic leader; Barnes, Julius Howland,
    businessman;

  • YOUNG OLD TIMERS OF THE WEST END. Scrapbook, 1911. 0.5 in.
    The scrapbook contains a list of members and photographs
    from the first annual outing in 1911. S2450.

  • YOUNG WOMEN'S CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION. Records, 1903-1972.
    29 ft.
    Board of director's minutes, annual meeting records, general
    office files (1923-1972), national convention reports,
    brochures, pamphlets, general ledger, scrapbooks (1903-
    1975), and photographs. Also included are records from the
    International Institute (1919-1948). Inventory available.
    S2447.

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  • ZENITH CONCRETE PRODUCTS COMPANY. Booklet, ca. 1955. 1
    item.
    One booklet of photographs explaining this company's
    products. Owned by the Zenith Dredge Company, it produced
    all types of concrete construction materials. S3622.
    SUBJECTS: Construction industry: materials;

  • ZWEIFEL-ROLEFF STUDIO PHOTOGRAPH COLLECTION FOR DM&IR AND OLIVER IRON MINING COMPANY. Negatives, 1942-1954. 1 ft.
    John Rudolph Zweifel and William F. Roleff were master
    photographers who operated separate and joint studios
    between the years 1899 and the late 1940s. The collection
    consists of negatives on safety film and vary in size from 2
    1/2x3 1/2 to 4x5 to 5x7. The negatives were apparently made
    for the Duluth, Missabe & Iron Range Railroad and the Oliver
    Iron Mining Company and cover such subjects as workers, mine
    sites, and machinery. There is no inventory for the
    approximately 1000 negatives. S3744.
    SUBJECTS: Duluth, Missabe, and Iron Range Railroad: photographs;
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