Guide to the NEMHC's Collection
Stock certificates from the Buffalo Land and Exploration,
Cuyuna Range Townsite, Minong Range Copper, Red Warrior
Mining, and Salisbury Mining companies in Minnesota and
SUBJECTS: Adams, Robert M. Business Interests;
Minutes, correspondence, administrative files, financial
records, historical essays, photographs, and a scrapbook.
Also included are matron's logs, which are daily journals of
the society's activities. The Aftenro Society was organized
in 1908, by a group of Norwegian women. It operates a home
for the aged. S2254.
SUBJECTS: Aftenro Society; Aged; Housing;
Maps prepared for the Aitkin County Planning Advisory
Commission indicating historic sites. S2230.
SUBJECTS: Aitkin County: Maps;Aitkin County Planning Advisory
General correspondence, contracts, agreements and deeds, and
tax statements of this Duluth realtor who established the
Alexander Investment Company in Duluth. S3098.
SUBJECTS: Alexander, Edward Porter, realtor;
Twelve cancelled payroll checks of a Duluth based lumber
SUBJECTS: Alger Smith and Co., Duluth, lumber;
Photographs and descriptions of the Alworth's yachts. He
came to Duluth as an explorer and estimator of timber and
invested in several local industries. Duluth's Alworth
Building was named for him in 1910. S3635.
SUBJECTS: Alworth, Marshall Henry, lumberman; Alworth Building,
Duluth, name; Boats and boating; yachts;
1908-1984. 6.25 ft.
Annual reports, minutes, legal and financial records,
committee materials, publications, photographs and eight
scrapbooks. Also included is an incomplete set of the
organization's bulletins and annual membership booklets.
SUBJECTS: American Assn. of University Women, activities; AAUW;
The American Historical Association was founded in 1884 for
the "promotion of American History and history in America".
In 1926 it sought to raise a one million dollar endowment
fund for historical research. Minnesota was charged to
contribute $20,000. Solon J. Buck, executive secretary of
the Minnesota Committee, enlisted William E. Culkin of
Duluth in this effort. Included are promotional materials,
pamphlets, correspondence and lists from the Minnesota
Committee of the A.H.A. Endowment. S3643.
SUBJECTS: American Historical Endowment Fund, fund raising;
Correspondence, board minutes, bylaws, committee reports,
and annual volumes compiled by the Archives Committee which
contain correspondence, minutes, printed material and
reports, membership lists and a film strip. S2306.
SUBJECTS: American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical and Petroleum
Engineers, activities; Engineers: organizations;
Films: for engineers;
Articles of incorporation, board minutes, an account ledger,
two cashbooks, a tract book of the land owned, two maps of
the area, and stock certificates. The company also held
land in Gales Creek Valley, Washington County, Oregon. S3075.
SUBJECTS: American Land and Timber Co., Duluth;
Unit constitution, newsletters, applications for membership,
citations, unit history, minutes, newspaper clippings, blue
books, financial records, correspondence, manual of
ceremonies, annual reports, poppy booklet, unit plays,
historical pageant poster, two early photographs of the
bugle corp, and membership records. This organization is
made up of the wives, sisters, and daughters of any man in
the service of this country. S2383.
SUBJECTS: American Legion Auxiliary, Unit #517, 125th Field Artillery, activities;
CHEVAUX, DULUTH. Records, 1945-1946, 1952-1953. 5.25 in.
This chapter of the American Legion was responsible for
charitable activities in Duluth. Scrapbook of clippings,
photographs, flag, memorabilia, minutes, bulletins, and
assorted activity reports. S3102.
SUBJECTS: American Legion, Voiture 919, La Societe Des 40 Hommes Et
Correspondence, reference materials, newsclippings,
photographs, and Red Cross publications. Related material
may be found in collection S3005, Minnesota War Records
Commission, St. Louis County Branch. S3006.
SUBJECTS: American Red Cross: chapter;
Records, 1977-1983. 3 in.
Minutes, program announcements, news releases, news
clippings, membership lists, bylaws and constitution.
SUBJECTS: American-Scandinavian Foundation, chapter;
Photographs of the exterior and interior of Ward Ames's home
at 1618 Vermilion Road in Duluth. S2277.
SUBJECTS: Ames, Ward, house; Architecture: photographs;
Records, 1890-1892, 1932. 6 items.
Bylaws of the Palestine Lodge, officers and membership list
and a 1932 poster of the charter members of the Ionic Lodge,
and officers and membership list of the Euclid Lodge.
SUBJECTS: Ancient Free and Accepted Masons, lodges;
Minutes, correspondence, memoranda, copies of the standards
used, and a list of committee members. This committee to
the Duluth Housing and Redevelopment Authority was
established for the development of the Gateway Renewal
Project of Duluth. S3781.
SUBJECTS: Architectural Advisory Committee, Duluth; Cities:
urban renewal; Duluth Housing and Redevelopment
Architect's drawings and specifications for 265 buildings in
northeast Minnesota. A worksheet for each structure
indicates the name of the structure, owner's name,
architect's name, and the location or address of the
SUBJECTS: Architecture: drawings;
Application for "Project Home" and related correspondence.
This was a grant submitted to the U.S. Office of Economic
Opportunity by the Arrowhead Economic Opportunity Agency,
Inc., of Virginia, Minnesota. S2332.
SUBJECTS: Arrowhead Economic Opportunity Agency, Inc., Virginia;
Cities: urban renewal;
Annual reports and the newsletter, Hy-Line By-Line. S3077.
SUBJECTS: Arrowhead Electric Cooperative, Lutsen; Cooperatives:
electric; Electricity, cooperatives;
Published poems and biographical information by and about
the members of this organization. All of the poems are
clipped from printed sources or contained in booklets where
originally printed. S2446.
SUBJECTS: Arrowhead Poetry Society, poems;
Minutes, annual reports, press releases giving results of
all grants recommended for funding, newsletters, guidelines
and development materials for Council as a grants agency,
grant applications, brochures, and one videotaped meeting
held in Cloquet. S3772.
SUBJECTS: Arrowhead Regional Arts Council, grants activity; Art
and Artists: organizations;
This group of World War I veterans of the Arrowhead country
who served as a group with the 62nd and 67th Coast Artillery
Corps in France, gathered annually to renew acquaintances.
The records consist of the history and activity of the
corps, biographical information, clippings, photographs,
annual meeting notices and bulletins, and obituaries.
SUBJECTS: Arrowhead Servicesmen's Last Man's Club;
1978-1980. 1.5 in.
Bylaws, minutes, budget requests, monthly reports and
memoranda. This advisory board of the Arrowhead Library
System of Virginia, Minnesota provides services to 7
northern Minnesota counties. S2345.
SUBJECTS: Arrowhead System Council of Library Directors;
1979. 11.25 ft.
Charter, board minutes, bylaws, administrative records,
correspondence, financial statements, and newsletters of
this organization concerned with the general well-being of
retarded citizens. S2398.
SUBJECTS: Association for Retarded Citizens, Duluth;
One letter written to Ayres's brother and a 1922 certificate
from the Minnesota State Board of Architects and Engineers
concerning the strike activities in Duluth during the year
1888, 1922. S3184.
SUBJECTS: Ayres, Lyonel, letter;
William Thomas Bailey (1842-1914) came to Duluth in 1883,
eventually becoming one of the largest lumbermen in
Northeast Minnesota with a complete organization of mills
and facilities for production from the stump to final
market. Bailey`s efforts in the retail lumber industry
ended in 1951. The bulk of the collection dates from 1930.
Correspondence, contracts, land deeds and abstracts, legal
and financial records, income and real estate tax records,
and financial ledgers. The collection documents the daily
operations of the company, though executive records are
SUBJECTS: Bailey, William Thomas, lumberman;
A record book for Baker's class in the "West Third Street
School" in Duluth, which lists students' names and their
SUBJECTS: Baker, Ida I., teacher; Education: schools;
The prints, showing the exterior of the building and two
apartments within, were copied from a photograph album on
loan. Built in 1891, the building is located at 711-715
West Second Street, Duluth. S3756.
SUBJECTS: Architecture: photographs; Baldwin Flats, Duluth,
photographs; Duluth: buildings;
Divided into sections, sections one and two contain
correspondence from, and pertaining to, Reverend Baraga.
Section three contains Baraga's personal diary, about 80% of
which is written in German. Baraga is well known for his
study of the Ojibwe language and for building the first
Roman Catholic Mission at La Pointe, Wisconsin in 1835.
SUBJECTS: Baraga, Rev. Frederick, priest;
Receipts signed by Bardon to James Starkey and Peter J.
Peterson of Fond du Lac, Minnesota, for lands in Wisconsin.
Bardon was one of the early settlers of Superior, Wisconsin,
arriving in 1854. S3654.
SUBJECTS: Bardon, James, settler;
Photocopies and typescript. Five photocopied letters (one
from Rev. Baraga, 1860) and an "Alphabetical Rhyme on Names
of Early Names." Bardon came to the United States in 1840
and moved from Maysville, Kentucky, to Superior, Wisconsin
in 1857 and taught school in Grand Portage, Minnesota. He
was Douglas County, Wisconsin, judge at the time of his
death. He was the father of James and John Alexander
SUBJECTS: Baraga, Rev. Frederick, priest; Bardon, Richard
(grandfather), judge; Education: schools;
Correspondence, Minnesota Centennial reference material, a
catalog of Bardon's gun collection, newsclippings, and
photographs of this prominent Duluth physician who served as
the chief of staff at St. Mary's and Miller Memorial
Hospitals, and president of the St. Louis County Historical
Society for 17 years. He was the grandson of Richard
Bardon, and son of John A. Bardon. S3095.
SUBJECTS: Bardon, Dr. Richard (grandson); Catalogs: firearms;
Correspondence, financial materials, articles, pamphlets,
photographs, newsclippings, sketchbooks, a tape recording
and miscellaneous reference materials.
Barnes was a Duluth industrialist and ardent supporter of
the St. Lawrence Seaway project. He was president of
Barnes-Duluth Shipbuilding Company and the McDougall-Duluth
Company, chairman of Duluth Klearflax Linen Looms, and
operated a fleet of freighters along the Great Lakes, Erie
Canal, and Atlantic coast. Barnes was the head of the Food
Administration Grain Corporation under Herbert Hoover in
1917, and U.S. Wheat Director in 1919 by special appointment
of Woodrow Wilson. He was president of the U.S. Chamber of
Commerce (1921-1924) and its chair (1929-1931). A major
Duluth philanthropist, he showed great support of the YMCA
and built the Duluth Boat Club. He died, in 1959, one week
before the St. Lawrence Seaway officially opened. S3025.
SUBJECTS: Barnes, Julius Howland, businessman; Barnes-Duluth
Shipbuilding Co., Duluth; Chamber of Commerce, Duluth;
Duluth Boat Club: built; Duluth Klearflex Linen Looms,
Duluth; Food Administration Grain Corp., operations;
Letters, a 1910 Duluth Boat Club family ticket, a 1923
program for the Bonspiel at Eveleth, and a 1927 banquet
program. Barrett moved to Tower, Minnesota, in 1887,
purchasing Tower Press and established papers in Ely,
Merritt, Virginia, and Biwabik, Minnesota. S3747.
SUBJECTS: Barrett, Dr. Frederick; Biwabik: newspaper;
Curling, program; Duluth Boat Club: ticket; Ely,
newspaper; Eveleth: sporting events;
The outline and support research materials for application
" Research Grant for Beaver Bay Study." The study was done
by Dr. Lyda C. Belthuis and Dr. Thomas W. Chamberlin who
were at the University of Minnesota, Duluth, at the time.
Photographs, history, fact sheet, newsclippings, and copies
of maps, all pertaining to Beaver Bay, Minnesota. S3732.
SUBJECTS: Beaver Bay Study, research grant; Belthuis, Dr. Lyda
C., author; Chamberlin, Dr. Thomas W., author;
Bede was a politician, editor, and prominent lecturer in
Duluth, Minnesota. He was elected to the U.S. House of
Representatives in 1902, and served one term in the
Minnesota Legislature from the 58th District in 1931. An
advocate of the St. Lawrence Seaway, he used his influence
to urge congressional acceptance of the Seaway.
Correspondence, reference materials, speeches,
newsclippings, publications, and photographs. Also included
are a biographical sketch about Bede, correspondence on the
St. Lawrence Seaway, and incomplete sets of some of Bede's
newspapers: The Paragrapher, Bede's Budget, and The Duluth
SUBJECTS: Bede, J. Adam, politician;
Chronologies and histories of Silver Bay and Babbitt,
Minnesota, and the Reserve Mining Company of Silver Bay.
Photographs of the two towns, and correspondence. S3731.
SUBJECTS: Babbitt: history; Bentley, E. Judson, papers;
Bergeson served as auditor, assistant treasurer, purchasing
agent, and general passenger and freight agent of the Mesaba
Railway Company, an interurban railway that ran between
Hibbing and Gilbert, Minnesota. He later became comptroller
of the Enterprise Printing and Publishing Company in
Virginia, Minnesota. Included are a notebook and
photographs pertaining to the Mesaba Railway Company.
SUBJECTS: Bergeson, Jay Orlando, railroad man; Enterprise
Printing and Publishing Co., Virginia;
Lecture entitled, "Recent Offshore Archaeology at Fort
Charlotte," presented at the conference, "A Rendezvous With
SUBJECTS: Birk, Douglas, archeologist; Fort Charlotte,
Four booklets with information on club officers, members,
programs, and bibliographies. S3623.
SUBJECTS: Archeology: fur trade; Bishop's Literary Club, Duluth;
Approx. 8 hours available from MHS., 267 pages.
In 1974, the Minnesota Historical Society used funds
provided by the Northwest Area Foundation to collect and
organize materials germane to the history of blacks in
Minnesota. During two summers, the staff of the Minnesota
Black History Project, under the direction of David V.
Taylor, collected records of organizations, institutions,
clubs, and churches as well as personal papers, genealogies,
photographs, and oral interviews. The entries include the
oral history interviews conducted for this project as well
as some earlier interviews Taylor undertook in doing
research for his doctoral dissertation. A more complete
description of these interviews and of other material in the
society's collections relating to blacks is contained in
Blacks in Minnesota: A Preliminary Guide to Historical
Sources compiled by David V. Taylor and published by the
society in 1976. S2208.
SUBJECTS: Blacks: history; African Americans: history;
The Blackthorn Theater, defined as an Imagist theater, was
created in 1977 by Seamas Cain. Productions included
avantgarde theater-works, works of classical theater, and
This open collection consists of programs and posters used
to promote plays produced by the Theater, manuscripts,
reviews, scripts, and statistics of attendance. Inventory
SUBJECTS: Blackhorn Theater, productions; Cain, Seamas, theater
Corporate minutes of this Duluth based firm which owned and
leased land in St. Louis and Itasca Counties. S2346.
SUBJECTS: Blue Ore Mining Co, Duluth;
The Board of Trade was a communication and trading
organization formed to improve the methods of marketing and
shipping wheat to Duluth.
The collection consists of minutes; printed annual reports;
financial journals and ledgers (1900-1958); stock and
clearing association certificates; general rules, bylaws and
articles of incorporation (1885-1958); membership cards,
ledgers, and certificates; ledgers of grain shipments from
Duluth; Red Cross Pledge Book; architectural drawings,
specifications and related correspondence; court cases and
actions of the Board of Arbitration; and Duluth Daily Market
Report, 1888-1900. S2209.
SUBJECTS: American Red Cross: pledges; Architecture: drawings;
Board of Trade, Duluth, activities; Courts: cases;
Photographs, correspondence, and newsclippings taken largely
from Bogdanich's scrapbook.
Bogdanich came to the United States when he was 16. He
worked in iron mines of Northern Minnesota until 1924, later
organizing a museum in Eveleth, Minnesota. S3124.
SUBJECTS: Bogdanich, Joseph, miner; Eveleth: museums;
1914. 21 items.
Photographs collected by a Duluth resident. Among them are
photographs of the dock at Two Harbors, Lake County; mining
activity on the Mesabi Iron Range; the Duluth harbor; and
various other locations in Duluth, including Cascade Park.
SUBJECTS: Bohannon, Harvey L., collector; Cascade Park, Duluth,
photographs; Duluth, photographs;
This letter from Borup was written to an agent at the
American Fur Company in St. Mary's. Borup was an agent of
the American Fur Company Trading Post at La Pointe,
SUBJECTS: Borup, Charles W., trader;
History Project. 1979. 10 Participants. 18 hours, 288
Participants discuss and define changes in the boundary of
the Fond du Lac Reservation, Minnesota. S2331.
RESTRICTED. Until Jan. 1, 1994, patron must obtain written
permission of the Fond du Lac Reservation business committee
or executive director.
SUBJECTS: Fond du Lac Reservation: boundaries;
Land leases, land lots and prices marked on township grid
maps, and description of the company's operating expenses.
This company operated on the Cuyuna Range in Crow Wing
County, Minnesota. S3658.
SUBJECTS: Brainerd-Cuyuna Mining Co., operations; Cuyuna Iron
Range: mining companies;
Photocopied Hebrew and Yiddish sheet music, parts of which
were written by Braverman, a teacher at the Moses Montefiore
Hebrew Institute, Duluth. Mr. Braverman was a cantor for
Duluth's Tifereth Israel Synagogue from about 1914 to 1948.
SUBJECTS: Braverman, Joseph, teacher;
Record book of court cases of this Superior, Wisconsin,
attorney who was a partner in the firm of Bright and Hayes.
Included are notes on the Chief Buffalo claim which
culminated in the lawsuits of the "Prentice Claim." S3112.
SUBJECTS: Bright, Michael S., Sr., lawyer; Buffalo, Ojibwe
Manuscript dealing with the author's family and personal
experiences in Duluth entitled "A Boy Grows Up in Northern
Minnesota." Also included in the manuscript is "The
Thompson Family," written by Robert B. Thompson, covering
the life of Theodore Andreas Thompson, a laborer who
immigrated to Duluth from Norway in 1888. S2214.
SUBJECTS: Broad, Clifford H., reminiscences;
Correspondence, newsclippings, and one photograph of Allison
Brown, a poet and member of the Vigilantes, a group of
distinguished authors and artists organized during World War
I. Originally from Duluth, she worked for the war effort in
Washington, D.C. This work included writing poems for a
weekly publication at Walter Reed Hospital. Her poetry was
known throughout the United States. S3146.
SUBJECTS: Brown, Allison, poet;
A cookbook containing handwritten recipes and recipes
clipped from newspapers. The recipes are mainly for sweets:
cakes, candies, and creams. S3765.
SUBJECTS: Brown, W., cook; Cookbooks, for sweets;
A chronicle of Bryant's career as a national and world
champion speed roller skater. Newsclippings, photographs,
and advertising handbills. S3760.
SUBJECTS: Advertising: For roller skating.; Bryant, Frank,
Letter written by Bullen to James Bardon discussing some
corrections he felt were needed in the book, Eye of the
Northwest, the first annual report of the statistician of
Superior, Wisconsin, published in 1890. S3686.
SUBJECTS: Bullen, Joseph Addison;
Political correspondence, material on the Truman-Barkley
Club, letters, programs, speeches, reception committee list,
seating arrangement for the motorcade, financial reports and
bills about the President's visit to Duluth. S366l.
SUBJECTS: Burke, Patrick A., politician; Democratic party,
Photographs, negatives (including glass plates), and
promotional pamphlets collected by Burns, an amateur
historian of the city of West Duluth, now part of Duluth.
The photographs and negatives are predominantly of West
Duluth; the pamphlets were issued by various Duluth
businesses and churches. S2421.
SUBJECTS: Burns, Manley P., historian;
Cards of firms which were either conducting business or were
located in the Duluth area. S2415.
SUBJECTS: Advertising: Business cards.;
1981. 11 Participants. 17 hours.
The interviews in this project document the history of
Duluth area businesses and labor unions. Narrators comment,
where appropriate, on the founding and growth of various
businesses or labor organizations, the formation of
corporate policies, labor-management relations, urban
renewal, union philosophy and strategy, government
regulation, binding arbitration, and the relationship of
business and labor to political and civic affairs. Barbara
J. Sommer, Northeast Minnesota Historical Center, University
of Minnesota, Duluth, conducted the interviews. S2220.
SUBJECTS: Cities: urban renewal;
Newsclippings, handwritten notes, programs, and photographs,
of a soprano soloist who was very active in the Duluth area,
SUBJECTS: Butchart, Lorena E., singer;
Newsclippings, diploma, photographs, plant sketchbook, and
various items of Frederick W. Byers, Benton's father,
including journals, notes, and letters from the Civil War.
Benton Byers was a Duluth pharmacist arriving here in 1905.
SUBJECTS: Byers, Benton B., pharmacist; Byers, Frederick W.,
Civil War veteran; Civil War: letters;
A notebook of various St. Louis County range grids for
townships 58 through 68 with physical features sketched in
pencil, 1913, and correspondence concerning a fire claim,
SUBJECTS: Carlson, Emil;
Receipts for materials bought for Mr. Felix Tarnowski's
lumber business of Duluth. S3726.
A bill of lading book kept at Ontonagon, Michigan, which
lists ships, their captains, and ports of destination.
SUBJECTS: Carroll, Capt. C. B.;
Two letters written by Casey to his sister, Jenny, of
Duluth, while he was in the U.S. Army in England and France
during World War I. S3691.
SUBJECTS: Casey, Frank, soldier;
Collection of materials relating to the St. Lawrence Seaway.
Included are photographs, newsclippings, and monographs.
Castle was administrator of the St. Lawrence Seaway
Development Corp., chairman of the executive committee of
the Great Lakes- St. Lawrence Tidewater Assn., and president
of the Northern Minnesota National Bank, Duluth. S2425.
SUBJECTS: Castle, Lewis G., banker;
The Cecilian Society was organized for the purpose of
founding a public musical library and advancing the
interests of music in Duluth. Included are the constitution
and minutes, personnel list, annual programs,
correspondence, newsclippings, financial records, two
scrapbooks and photographs. S3119.
SUBJECTS: Cecilian Chorale Society, Duluth;
Census counts of Carlton and Lake Counties, the towns of
Duluth, Fond du Lac, and Grand Portage, and the Township of
Oneota. Copy typed from original in 1924. S3105.
SUBJECTS: Carlton County: census; Duluth: census; Fond du
Newsclippings, booklets, correspondence, pamphlets, maps,
and one photograph, pertaining primarily to the period
after 1858. S3139.
1882. 1 in.
A mileage journal containing distances from rail stations
to post offices of towns in Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, the
Dakotas and Illinois. S3085.
SUBJECTS: Chicage, Milwaukee, and St. Paul Railroad Co., routes;
Corporate minutes and stock certificates of the Chicago Ore
Company, a Duluth-based Minnesota corporation involved in
the mining, smelting, reducing, refining, and working of
ores and minerals. S2231.
SUBJECTS: Chicago Ore Co., Duluth;
Records, 1883-1900, 1913-1943. 4 in.
Three land books containing land locations, land and timber
sales information, deed dates and records of land payments
of the properties held by the C,RI&P Railroad. S3100.
SUBJECTS: Chicago, Rock Island, and Pacific Railroad Co., land
Four land abstracts and an agreement concerning land claimed
by Chief Buffalo in the present downtown Duluth area.
SUBJECTS: Buffalo, Ojibwe leader; Chippewa Indians: land
claims; Duluth: land;
Translations of Chippewa and English language words written
on 4x6" alphabetical cards, each indicating the source of
the translation and some noting names of prominent
SUBJECTS: Chippewa Indians: language; Ojibwe language;
Entitled, "The Stones of Duluth," presented to the Duluth
Neighborhood Preservation Workshop, on how to do a house
history and historic preservation in Duluth. S2327.
SUBJECTS: Christensen, Anders, preservationist; Christensen,
Trilby, preservationist; Cities: historic preservation;
Entitled, "Biography of My Grandfather," profiling Henry
Truelson, a Duluth politician who served as mayor from 1896
to 1900. S2260.
SUBJECTS: Christensen, Leona, author; Duluth: mayors;
Financial ledgers, cash book, journal, and voucher check
journal of this Duluth realty company. S3023.
SUBJECTS: City Realty Co., Duluth;
1941-1944. 2.5 in.
Two World War II civil defense scrapbooks covering the home
front include newsclippings about antisabotage programs,
commodity rationing, test blackouts, and air raid
SUBJECTS: Civil Defense: in World War II; Civilian
Mobilization, war efforts;
Diary (1854-1855), notebook (1860), letter press of Clark &
Relf (1865-1871), correspondence, and biographical
information about Clark, who served in the Minnesota State
Senate (1859) and later as County Judge of Douglas County,
SUBJECTS: Clark, Thomas, II, politician;
One minute book with cancelled checks dating from 1894.
This organization served as a cooperative for residents of
Palmers, Clover Valley, and Molde, Minnesota, all
located between Duluth and Two Harbors, for telephone, road
and postal service to the area. S3050.
SUBJECTS: Clover Valley Telephone Co., records;
Daily administrative records consisting of minutes of
meetings, payroll records and time books, contracts,
ledgers, journals, stock certificates, glass plate
negatives, photographs, and stamp hammer pattern book.
Clyde was a manufacturer of heavy equipment used in the
logging, mining, and construction industries. The company
was headquartered in Duluth, but also had warehouses in New
York, Chicago, Savannah, and New Orleans. S2365.
SUBJECTS: Clyde Iron Works, Co., Duluth;
Memorabilia consisting of a program issued on the formal
opening of the school, and a photograph of Cobb School.
SUBJECTS: Cobb, E. R., School, program; Education: schools;
Newsclippings on Duluth theater events. Cohen was an editor
of the Sunday Duluth Herald & News Tribune. S3034.
SUBJECTS: Cohen, Nathan, editor;
Three notebooks entitled, "Record of Plays Seen." Includes
information on plays seen at the Lyceum and Orpheum theaters
in Duluth. S3179.
SUBJECTS: Colbrath, Corah L., notebooks;
An inventory of Cole's estate, drawn at the time of his
death for probate court. He was president of Northern Cold
Storage Company in Duluth. S3634.
SUBJECTS: Cole, William H., businessman;
Correspondence, certificates of awards and membership,
medical articles authored by Collins, photographs of his
paintings, general photographs, and genealogical
information. Also included is an account book (1807) of
Samuel Collins, a family ancestor. Collins was a Duluth
area physician. S3033.
SUBJECTS: Art and artists: painters; Collins, Dr. Arthur N.;
Collins, Samuel, accounts;
An advertisement urging workers to stop work and demonstrate
at the Court House in an effort to improve working
conditions and secure relief for the unemployed. S3193.
SUBJECTS: Advertising: Political; Communist party, program;
SUBJECTS: Government Records;
Records, 1966-1968. 2.5 ft.
Correspondence, personnel files, publications, committee
minutes and reports, circulars, certificates, case records,
and financial and administrative records. A large portion
of the records involve a federal work-study program that was
based on the Economic Opportunity Act of 1964. S2379.
RESTRICTED. Until Dec. 31, 1990, patron must obtain
permission of NEMHC.
SUBJECTS: Cook County, Family Service Dept.
Recorded by the Cook County Historical Society. Subjects:
Tape 1, commercial fishing; tape 2, sinking of steamer,
America; tapes 3-5, Cook County history. S2318.
SUBJECTS: America, steamer; Cook County: history; Cook County
Historical Society, activities; Fishing: commercial;
1973. 0.5 in.
Cook, Minnesota, is about 100 miles north of Duluth in St.
This collection consists of a photocopied scrapbook of
newsclippings from the Cook News-Herald covering men and
women in the armed services from Cook and the immediate
area. Also included is information about the Red Cross, war
bond drives, and the arrival of British war brides. S3782.
SUBJECTS: American Red Cross: in World War II; British: war
brides; Cook, in World War II;
The Cook Home was established in the early 1880s and was
known as the Poor Farm or Almshouse Hospital and
Tuberculosis Sanitarium, under the supervision of the St.
Louis County Commissioners. See related Collection 456.
RESTRICTED IN PART.
SUBJECTS: Almshouse Hospital and Tuberculosis Sanitartium; Cook
Nursing Home, activities;
1934. 53 items.
Jay Cooke & Co. was a banking house formed in 1861 by
financier Jay Cooke and William Moorhead. Cooke,
responsible for revolutionizing methods of marketing
investments in the United States during the Civil War,
visited Duluth in 1868. Cooke was important to the Duluth
area primarily through his land and railroad properties; he
owned the Lake Superior and Mississippi Railroad Co. Jay
Cooke & Company went bankrupt in 1873.
The collection contains a copy of an 1880 "catalog of
stocks, bonds, western lands, town lots, and other real
estate belonging to Jay Cooke & Co. in bankruptcy to be
sold". Also includes, business card, telegraphic cyphers,
notes, a protested debt, a published agreement and an essay
by William Culkin concerning the 1880 catalog. S3183.
SUBJECTS: Banks and banking: companies; Catalogs: land;
Cooke, Jay, and Co., Philadelphia;
Coolerator began in 1908 as the Duluth Showcase Company
manufacturing refrigerators and freezers. It was a
subsidary of the Marshall Wells Building Corporation. By
1950 the product line has expanded to include electric
ranges and air conditioners. Coolerator was sold and re-
sold but ceased operations in June, 1954 with remaining
property sold at public auction.
The collection includes advertisements, specifications and
parts drawings, correspondence with James E. Frykdahl (Head
of Coolerators Engineering Department), and a copy of the
firm's public auction, June, 1954. S2371.
SUBJECTS: Advertising: Refrigeration; Coolerator Co., Duluth,
Poems and other writings, most of which were authored by
Cooley, a resident of Duluth who was active in lumber,
fish, and real estate businesses. S3188.
SUBJECTS: Cooley, Jerome E., author;
Correspondence, photographs, and newsclippings of President
Coolidge's visit to Duluth in 1928. A scrapbook includes
approximately 30 8x10 photographs of Coolidge in Duluth.
SUBJECTS: Coolidge, Calvin, president;
" The Cooperative Builder: A Journal of Consumer Co-
operation," was a weekly newspaper published in Superior,
SUBJECTS: "Cooperative Builder," published; Cooperatives:
Letters to Mary P. Cory regarding land and taxes from Harry
Cruishawk, and from the City of Duluth missing the
SUBJECTS: Cory, Mary P., papers; Cruishawk, Harry, letter;
A typed diary (1931-1960) briefly describing local current
events, scrapbooks (1896-1956) include snapshots generally
of vacations in northern Minnesota and Wisconsin,
photographs, and miscellany. S3039.
SUBJECTS: Costello, David H., diary;
Entitled, "Brownstone and the Romanesque in Duluth" on use
of brownstone and sandstone in Duluth area architecture.
SUBJECTS: Art and artists: sculpture; Coventry, Dr. William D.,
Entitled "George Thrana, Master Stone Sculptor," presented
as a lecture to the St. Louis County Historical Society.
SUBJECTS: Architecture: materials; Coventry, Dr. William D.,
author; Duluth: buildings;
A typed copy of a diary compiled by Cowell, recording his
trip from Quebec to Duluth. S3186.
SUBJECTS: Cowell, William G., diary;
Craggencroft was a Duluth private school for girls located
on Woodland Avenue at the Snivley Road intersection. Two
photographs of the school building and one of students,
calenders, invitations, report cards, and contracts. S3639.
SUBJECTS: Craggencroft School, records; Education: schools;
1960-1979. 1.25 ft. and 3 vol.
Unpublished reports, minutes, correspondence, financial
materials, planning documents, and various studies done in
SUBJECTS: Arrowhead region: criminal justice; Crime: criminal
Culkin was a Duluth attorney, Minnesota State Senator
(1894), Register of United States Land Office at Duluth
(1897), director of the Minnesota War Records Commission,
St. Louis County Branch, after WWI and first president of
the St. Louis County Historical Society in 1922, serving for
fifteen years. He was an avid local historian and associate
editor of the Duluth Herald newspaper.
Correspondence, awards and certificates, lawyer's case
records, newsclippings, photographs and manuscripts on local
history. The numerous photographs include Cass and Nett
Lakes, Little Fork, Star Island, and identified individuals.
SUBJECTS: Cass Lake, photographs; Culkin, William E., lawyer;
Correspondence, diaries, articles and addresses written by
Darling, a subject file, financial materials, newsclippings,
photographs and engineering plans.
Darling located in Duluth in 1884 as principle U.S.
assistant engineer until his retirement in 1913. In 1917,
Darling designed and built an observatory and opened it to
the public. He was elected to the Duluth Hall of Fame in
SUBJECTS: Darling, John H., engineer; Duluth Hall of Fame,
records; Engineers: projects;
Correspondence, 1903 charter, merger papers, records of
payment to sick members, minutes, ledgers, and membership
SUBJECTS: Daughters of Norway, lodge;
Correspondence pertaining to Davis's business, investments,
and personal interests. Davis was a Duluth attorney who was
also interested in Nevada mine speculation. S3042.
SUBJECTS: Davis, George Franklin, Sr., lawyer;
Land deeds in Aitkin, Crow Wing, Itasca, and St. Louis
counties, mining and timber leases, business letters, and
labor contracts. Day owned property on the Mesabi Iron
SUBJECTS: Aitkin County: Land; Crow Wing County: land; Day,
Laura, mining interests;
1950-1981. 1 ft.
Society of professional women educators; the Tau State
organization was founded in 1929. International
directories, Beta directories, Tau State directories, Kappa
directories, and assorted programs from state, regional and
international conferences. S3710.
SUBJECTS: Delta Kappa Gamma International, directories;
Correspondence, photographs, and newspaper clippings about
Dennis's activity in civic organizations as well as her
involvement in Bruen's department store in Duluth. S3152.
SUBJECTS: Bruen's, Duluth, department store; Dennis, May A.,
Correspondence between the State of Minnesota Department of
Highways and the Interlake Iron Corporation, Chicago,
relating to the use of iron paving on state highways.
The records of this Gilbert W. Nordmann Chapter No. 6
contain minutes, correspondence, publications, and
membership cards. S2256.
SUBJECTS: Disabled American veterans, records;
16mm film and tape, 1958.
The Duluth Missabe and Iron Range Railroad's method of
counting and inventorying cars and cargo which is now used
SUBJECTS: Duluth, Missabe, and Iron Range Railroad: training film;
Films: for railroads;
Minnesota state legislator (1974-1976) and St. Louis County
commissioner (1976- ) from Duluth. Correspondence and
background study materials from Doty's legislative career.
SUBJECTS: Doty, Gary, politician;
Minnesota state legislator (1970-1976) from Duluth.
Correspondence and other materials primarily concerning his
activities as state senator. S2249.
RESTRICTED. Until May 1, 1997, patron must obtain written
permission of the donor.
SUBJECTS: Doty, Ralph, politician;
Local passenger fares and tariffs, mileage tables, and two
telegrams pertaining to local tariffs. S2394.
SUBJECTS: Duluth and Iron Range Railroad: fares;
Articles of incorporation, bylaws, and minutes of the board
of directors. S2278.
SUBJECTS: Duluth-Arizona Gold Mining Co., records;
The Duluth Art Association was incorporated in 1907. The
Association had a dues paying membership of local visual
artists and supporters of the visual arts who arranged for
and mounted exhibitions of painting and sculpture at
intervals during the year. The Association became inactive
in the 1930's when a second arts group formed as the Duluth
Art Institute. The two merged into the Duluth Art Institute
Association in 1946 but the name was later shortened to
Duluth Art Institute. The DAI sponsors the Annual
Arrowhead Show. Since 1976 the DAI has been an agency in
the St. Louis County Heritage and Arts Center (The Depot).
Includes minutes (1919-1946, 1975-1982), office and program
records, newsclippings, art exhibition catalogs, promotional
materials and taped interviews with four visual artists
(1984). The records are in three series: Office Files,
Programs, and Depot Files. Inventory available. S3056.
SUBJECTS: Art and artists: organizations; Depot, Duluth,
records; Duluth Art Institute, records;
1922-1966. 1 ft.
Board minutes, committee reports, financial and treasurer's
reports, budget requests, correspondence and newsclippings.
SUBJECTS: Duluth Association for the Physically Handicapped, records;
Articles of incorporation of the Minnesota State Automobile
Association, bylaws of the Duluth club, safety information,
meeting programs, and newsletters. S3630.
SUBJECTS: Automobiles, organizations; Duluth Automobile Club,
Originally called the Western Seamen's Friend Society.
Included are reference materials, newsclippings, a
photograph album, and a film describing the Society's
SUBJECTS: Duluth Bethel Society, records; Films: of benefit
Articles of incorporation, bylaws, financial records,
correspondence, manuscripts on local history, project files
by month in the Bicentennial year (1976), Voyageurs Canoe
Trip reenactment files, newsclippings, brochures, programs,
photographs and proposals. S2358.
SUBJECTS: Canoeing: trip records; Duluth Bicentennial
Discussion of four people's lives and businesses in Duluth:
John Andresen, Larry Gaida, Margaret Gaylord, and Peter
SUBJECTS: Andresen, John, reminiscences; Duluth Bicentennial
Living History Project;
Publications, newsclippings, two scrapbooks, legal papers,
and photographs of the Duluth Rowing Squad. This
organization was financed largely by Julius Barnes and was a
leading social center of Duluth in the early 1900s. S3009.
SUBJECTS: Barnes, Julius Howland, businessman; Boats and
boating: clubs; .i.Duluth Boat Club: records;
SUBJECTS: Government Records; City of Duluth
Membership booklet for 1939 and 5 annuals from this building
industry organization. S3637.
SUBJECTS: Construction industry: builders' organizations; Duluth
Builder's Exchange, records;
1922-1973. 1.75 ft.
Organized in November, 1915 to "elevate the standards of
women in business and to promote the interests of business
and professional women," it became affiliated with the
National Federation of Business and Professional Women's
Clubs in 1921.
Cashbook, newsclippings, six scrapbooks, yearbooks, and
SUBJECTS: Duluth Business and Professional Women's Club, records;
Minute book and a roll of officers of 1912. S3725.
SUBJECTS: Duluth Camp #5 Sons of Veterans, records;
Programs, correspondence, photographs, reference materials,
three scrapbooks, newsclippings, account sheets and film of
centennial activities and parade. Reference materials
include a 56 page play entitled, "Duluth 100." S3059.
SUBJECTS: Duluth Centennial Commission, records; Films: of
Correspondence, pamphlets, newsclippings, membership
lists, two minute books of the board of directors' meetings
(1889), and transportation subcommittee (1908-1911).
SUBJECTS: Chamber of Commerce, Duluth; Duluth Chamber of
Correspondence, meeting notices, judges appointments,
commission resolutions and minutes from one meeting. S3670.
SUBJECTS: Duluth: city charter commission; City of Duluth; Government Records;
Correspondence, minutes, bulletins, publications,
newsclippings, scrapbooks, photographs, posters, personnel
lists, and other reference materials from the war activities
of this organization. Also included are card files of
Warden and Victory Gardens. S3007.
SUBJECTS: Duluth Civilian Defense Council, records;
1960. 0.25 in.
Minutes, letters and pamphlets. S3652.
SUBJECTS: Duluth Committee for World Refugee Year, records;
Includes the report of the committee appointed by the council to investigate the construction of the pumphouse at Lakewood, resolutions passed by the council relating to the construction, and draft of a letter requesting the council to pass a resolution authorizing the Duluth Canal Bridge Company to construct a bridge across the canal at Lake Avenue. S2432.
SUBJECTS: City of Duluth; Government Records;
Board minutes, committee rosters, member rosters, bylaws,
annual meeting and election information, and transitional
plan information. The Duluth CAP grew out of the federal
Economic Opportunity Act and the national "War On Poverty"
period of the 1960s. S3713.
SUBJECTS: Duluth Community Action Program, records;
Two programs from the laying of the cornerstone. This
church split off from the Pilgrim Congregational Church of
SUBJECTS: Congregational church, Duluth; Duluth Congregational
Minutes, committee reports, photographs, newspaper
clippings, treasurer's journal, and correspondence. The
committee, founded in 1927, is a Duluth women's organization
that meets annually to honor the woman of the year it
SUBJECTS: Duluth Day Luncheon Committee, records;
The annual report from 1956 listing projects and statistics.
SUBJECTS: Duluth: department of engineering; Engineers: city
departments; City of Duluth; Government Records;
A four page report suggesting a downtown Duluth restoration
plan. Included are 26 photographs of specific areas to be
restored or razed. S3764.
SUBJECTS: Cities: Urban renewal; Duluth: city planning;
Duluth Downtowm Restoration, records;
Board member lists, clippings, photographs, and annual
meeting minutes. The Duluth Eastern Little League began the
Duluth leagues in the spring of 1961, launching Little
League in Duluth. S3750.
SUBJECTS: Baseball, leagues; Duluth Eastern Little League,
Election returns for the 1870 election. Poll list for the
1886 election for the village of Duluth. S3675.
SUBJECTS: Duluth: elections; Elections: city; City of Duluth; Government Records;
Executive board minutes (1927-1975), annual fall flower show
schedules, and scrapbooks of this St. Louis County
organization. The society was founded in 1927 to promote
gardening, horticulture, preservation of trees, protection
of birds, and city beautification. S2295.
SUBJECTS: Birds: protection programs; Cities: Beautification
projects; Duluth Garden Flower Society, Inc., records;
Records of receipts and expenditures of this St. Louis
County youth organization. S2294.
SUBJECTS: Children: organizations; Duluth Girls Club, records;
Survey done for the State Historic Preservation Office of
the Minnesota Historical Society of Duluth's historic,
architectural, and archeological sites and structures
having cultural significance. As a reult of city surveys,
sites and structures are added to the National Register of
Historic Places. An inventory of the Duluth project is
available which includes maps, survey forms and photographs.
SUBJECTS: Archeology: sites; Architecture: historic; Duluth
Historic Resources Survey, records;
1897, 1901. 3 items.
Formed in 1897, this group was incorporated into the Old
Settler's Association. Consists of letters from the U.S.
Patent Office. S3681.
SUBJECTS: Duluth Historical and Scientific Association, letters;
Records of the development of Hermantown, St. Louis County,
from its beginnings as the Duluth Homestead Project (1936-
1939) through the dissolution of the Duluth Homestead Assn.,
Inc. (1939-1954). The project was begun under the U.S.
Resettlement Administration (which became the U.S. Farm
Security Administration) and remained under its supervision
until 1949, when the homesteaders liquidated their
Included are correspondence, organizational and financial
records, minutes, public and U.S. government notices,
membership lists, release deeds, and legal documents, as
well as materials concerning the development of the
Hermantown community Store, Inc., the Hermantown Locker
Plant, Inc., and the Hermantown School. S2200.
SUBJECTS: Duluth Homestead Association, records; Education:
Advertisement for the opening of this Duluth flour mill, the
first of any magnitude established in Duluth. S3650.
SUBJECTS: Advertising: Milling; Duluth Imperial Mill Co.,
Duluth; Flour milling, advertisments;
Articles of incorporation, membership lists, library
collection, library rules, bylaws, and meeting minutes.
This organization was formed to provide Duluth with a
library. See related collection 139. S3653.
SUBJECTS: Duluth: library;
Company catalog with descriptions and photographs of the
linen and cotton goods produced by this company founded by
Albin S. Nordstrom in 1916. S3618.
SUBJECTS: Clothing: manufactured; Duluth Linen Co., Duluth;
Minutes, correspondence, financial records, board reports,
and publicity files. The center, which worked with the
Duluth Sheltered Workshop in employing handicapped persons,
was destroyed by fire in 1974. S2364.
SUBJECTS: Duluth Metropolitian Recycling Center, Duluth; Duluth
Sheltered Workshop: projects;
1979-. 6 items.
This is an open collection of the illustrated calendars
issued by the DM&IR. S2403.
SUBJECTS: Calendars, railroad; Duluth, Missabe, and Iron Range
Four scrapbooks of newspaper clippings dealing with the 1912
election of municipal judge, in which Capt. William H.
Smallwood was declared elected after having the election
results challenged by the incumbent, William L. Windom.
SUBJECTS: Duluth: elections; Elections: of judges;
1982. 1.5 ft.
Minutes, financial materials, scrapbooks, and some
correspondence. Also included is a ledger of minutes of the
Piano Teachers' Round Table, a short lived group that was
associated with Matinee Musicale. The association was
organized to promote high standards in the music profession.
SUBJECTS: Duluth Music Teachers Association, records; Education:
Proclamation signed by Mayor Robert Beaudin declaring
International Year of the Child Week in the City of Duluth.
SUBJECTS: Beaudin, Robert, mayor; Children: welfare; Duluth:
documents; City of Duluth; Government Records;
Two scrapbooks containing newsclippings, minutes, bylaws,
membership lists and reports of this Duluth organization.
Also included are a limited number of photographs of flower
shows and members. Duluth hosted the 27th annual national
show in 1930 in the Duluth Armory. S3712.
SUBJECTS: Duluth Peony and Iris Society, records;
1964-1976. 7.5 ft.
Newsclipping files arranged alphabetically on city problems
and concerns. Inventory available. S2302.
SUBJECTS: Cities: planning; Duluth: city planning; City of Duluth; Government Records;
. 3.75 ft.
This open collection consists of agendas, minutes and staff
reports from the City Planning Commission and the Board of
Zoning, and a 13 volume Comprehensive Plan for the City of
Duluth (1956-1959). S2311.
SUBJECTS: Cities: planning; Duluth: city planning; City of Duluth; Government Records;
1936. 1 vol.
Maps of Duluth containing data on physical condition of
residential structures, dates of settlement, structural
changes, average rental value, percentage of owner-occupied
dwelling units, value of owner-occupied single family
structures, percentage of owner-occupied structures with
encumbrances, median duration of occupancy of owner-occupied
dwelling units, land use, and other information. S2302.
SUBJECTS: Cities: planning; Duluth: city planning; Duluth:
maps; City of Duluth; Government Records;
Newsclippings, programs, reference materials, photographs,
minutes, blueprints of the Little Theater, scrapbooks, and
The Duluth Center of the Drama League of America was
organized in 1912. The Center reorganized in 1926 as the
Little Theater of Duluth. In 1941 the organization became
known as the Duluth Playhouse. Duluth's is the oldest
continuously operating community theater in the United
SUBJECTS: Architecture: theaters; Duluth Center of the Drama
League of America, organized; Duluth Playhouse, records;
Correspondence between two Duluth Postmasters, William E.
McEwen and Thomas Considine. S2304.
SUBJECTS: Considine, Thomas, postmaster; Duluth: postmasters;
Poster depicting the home of Mr. D. Clint Prescott, and two
walking tour guides for downtown Duluth structures and east
end residences. S2322.
SUBJECTS: Duluth Preservation Alliance, papers;
Constitution and minutes of this Duluth organization. S3054.
SUBJECTS: Duluth Press Club, records;
Annual reports containing statistical information, an
architectural report of the Library building, Board files,
minutes, photograph collection, and information on the new
building at 5th Avenue West and Superior Street. S2392.
SUBJECTS: Architecture: libraries; Duluth: library; City of Duluth; Government Records;
Club minutes, financial reports, constitution and bylaws,
correspondence, and other printed material pertaining to
specific events and tournaments. Also included are a large
number of photographs and negatives. S3759.
SUBJECTS: Duluth Ski Club, records;
One financial ledger of this company which operated at
Sutphin's Dock in Duluth. S3024.
SUBJECTS: Duluth-Superior Steamship Co., finances;
The Duluth-Superior Symphony Association, formerly the
Duluth Civic Symphony Association, was formed in 1934.
Correspondence, minutes, financial records, publicity
materials, newsclippings, and programs. Also included are
photographs and scrapbooks belonging to Abe Miller who was
the manager of the Duluth Symphony for 37 years. S3001.
SUBJECTS: Duluth-Superior Symphony Association, records;
ft. and 15 rolls microfilm.
Financial records, minutes, reports, microfilmed scrapbooks,
newsclippings, photographs and reference materials. Most of
the records are financial in nature and originate from the
Duluth Street Railway Company.
The Duluth-Superior Transit Company was the successor of a
number of Duluth and Superior transit companies, beginning
with the Duluth Street Railway Company (DSR) in 1882. The
DSR was bought out by the Duluth-Superior Traction Company
in 1894, though the DSR continued to operate the system. By
1917, the DSR had acquired three other lines and merged with
the Superior Rapid Transit Railway Company in 1920.
Financial problems forced the reorganization of the transit
system in 1933, resulting in the establishment of the
Duluth-Superior Transit Company. The company was
reorganized again in 1970 as the present Duluth Transit Authority.
An important part of the collection is the microfilmed
scrapbooks (1896-1941) representing 105 volumes of
newsclippings relating to the transit system. Expanded
scope and content notes and inventory are available. S3020.
SUBJECTS: Duluth Street Railway Co., records; Duluth-Superior
Traction Co., records; Duluth-Superior Transit Co.,
The company began operations in 1915 and was sold in 1980.
The collection consists of 72 financial ledgers. S2405.
SUBJECTS: Duluth Tent and Awning Co., records;
This scrapbook consists of newspaper clippings of the Duluth
and Superior area theaters' productions and players. S2443.
1892-1947. 0.5 ft.
Correspondence, payroll records, and train accident reports
of a corporation headquartered in Duluth. Incorporated in
1889 as the Duluth Union Depot Co., the firm changed its
name to the Duluth Union Depot and Transfer Co. in 1892.
SUBJECTS: Duluth Union Depot and Transfer Co., records;
Items relating to the financial and organizational operation
of the Union contain the names of officers and involved lay
people. A brief history is a part of these records. S2441.
Minutes, financial records, studies of various social
welfare organizations, studies of social services such as
foster care, aging and shelter workshops, newsclippings, and
five annual reports of the Duluth Council of Social
Originally the Duluth Council of Social Agencies, organized
in 1926, the name Duluth Welfare Council (DWC) was adopted
in 1954. Affiliated with the Community Chest until 1962
followed by the United Fund, the DWC and the United Fund
merged to form the United Way of Greater Duluth in 1971.
Inventory available. S2233.
SUBJECTS: Aged: Care for; Children: care programs; Duluth
Council of Social Agencies, records; Duluth Welfare
Correspondence, press releases, newsclippings, and
photographs of this annual festival held in Duluth featuring
a parade, coronation, dances, and sports events. S3157.
SUBJECTS: Duluth Winter Frolic, records;
Programs, bylaws, invitations, and an essay on the history
of this club, which was formed to promote civic,
educational, literary, and welfare work in Duluth. S2373.
SUBJECTS: Duluth Women's Club, records;
Articles of incorporation, minutes, and newsclippings. The
club was located on Minnesota Point in Duluth. S3055.
SUBJECTS: Boats and boating: clubs; Duluth Yacht Club, records;
Photocopies of transcriptions from the Public Archives of
Canada, Archives des Colonie. Also includes newsclippings,
pamphlets, books, and historical essays dealing with du
Lhut, and a file of correspondence. S2315.
SUBJECTS: Du Lhut, Daniel Greysolon;
Four scrapbooks consisting of correspondence, and
newsclippings pertaining to Duncan's civic activities.
SUBJECTS: Duncan, Kenneth, activities;
This letter from Dunphy of Duluth is to Mrs. E. Chambers of
Fond du Lac, and praises Fond du Lac in song and verse.
SUBJECTS: Dunphy, Ino, letter; Fond du Lac, poem;
Campaign bumper stickers, posters, circulars,
advertisements, and pamphlets used in Minnesota for local,
state, and national elections. Also included are
newsclippings and informational sheets containing election
SUBJECTS: Advertising: Political; Elections: campaigns;
Correspondence (1835-1904), contracts, agreements,
intermittent journals (1833-1854), and photographs, mostly
relating to Ely's experiences as a missionary in the Lake
Superior region. Also included is a diary kept by Catherine
Ely, his wife, (1835-1839).
Ely was one of the first English-speaking missionaries to
settle in northeastern Minnesota. He came to Sandy Lake,
Minnesota, in 1833, under the auspices of the American Board
of Foreign Missions. In 1834, he took his teaching to the
Ojibwe at Leech Lake and then to Fond du Lac. Ely continued
his missionary post for ten years and then moved his family
to St. Paul. S3045.
SUBJECTS: Ely, Edmund Franklin, papers; Ely, Mrs. Edmund F.,
Papers which document the disputed land claims of settlers
in the vicinity of Ely Lake (formerly known as Cedar Island
Lake), Fayal Township, St. Louis County. S2417.
SUBJECTS: Ely Lake, Fayal Township, St. Louis County;
Correspondence, newsclippings and photographs of the
children involved in this program, part of the Duluth Public
Schools, designed to aid them with their visual problems.
SUBJECTS: Education: schools for blind; Ely SIght Saving
Three letters and a quit claim deed from 1871. The 1919
letter from the Minnesota Supreme Court, was carried aboard
the first airplane to travel from Minneapolis to Duluth.
Ensign was a Duluth mayor and a district court judge of the
llth Minnesota Judicial District. S3187.
SUBJECTS: Airplanes, freight; Ensign, Josiah Davis, papers;
Autobiography (220 pages) written in 1970 profiles life as a
German immigrant in New York and Minnesota. Also included
are photographs and a letter. S3099.
SUBJECTS: Enzmann, Albert O., autobiography;
Eramaan Oras, meaning "desert seedling," was a monthly
publication of the Society of Enlightenment, later known as
the Socialist Local. This issue contains historical
information on the settling of the Brimson-Fairbanks-
Bassett-Toimi area of Minnesota. S2247.
SUBJECTS: Bassett, settled; Brimson, settled; Eramaan Oras,
published; Fairbanks, settled;
Correspondence written by Ericson to Mrs. A.B. Hilton and
one letter from F. Rodney Paine to Hilton about Ericson's
Ericson won many awards for his painting. He studied in New
York where he worked for Tiffany's, and he later studied in
Paris under James McNeill Whistler. S3189.
SUBJECTS: Art and artists: painters; Ericson, David, artist;
Includes two speeches and two letters from Eva, an active
Duluth resident. Colonel Eva was this nation's last
surviving soldier who had fought American Indians. Colonel
Eva was in the Minnesota National Guard. In 1893 Col. Eva
commanded the 3rd Infantry Battalion at Leech Lake, and
fought in the Spanish-American War. S3168.
SUBJECTS: Eva, Hubert V., papers;
Newsclippings, photographs, and memorabilia pertaining to
the 50th Anniversary and Homecoming in 1947 of this
Minnesota town. S3156.
SUBJECTS: Eveleth: celebrations;
Papers on the history of Mesabi and Vermilion iron range
mines and mining companies, photographs of mine sites, drill
holes, equipment and workers, and newsclippings and
advertisements from the Almar Iron Mining Company. S3167.
SUBJECTS: Advertising: Mining; Almer Iron Mining Co.,
advertisements; Evesmith, Hansen, civic leader;
This open collection consists of photostatic copies of
family history material found in the family Bibles of
various individuals; includes deeds and genealogical
information on the Joseph Williams and Nuottimaki (Hill)
SUBJECTS: Family History Collection, papers;
1965-1974. 1.75 ft.
Correspondence, annual reports, financial reports, monthly
clinical statistical reports and educational materials. In
1970, this organization became affiliated with Planned
Parenthood and continued to serve the residents of St. Louis
SUBJECTS: Family Planning Clinic, St. Louis County;
George A. Fay helped locate the Wisconsin Central Railway
until 1873, after which he worked on geological surveys in
Wisconsin. Fay was an engineer and geologist for the Oliver
Iron Mining Company of Minnesota beginning in 1905.
Notes, photographs, and newsclippings of Fay's involvement
in the iron mining industry of Minnesota and Wisconsin.
SUBJECTS: Fay, George A., miner;
Typewritten manuscripts and notes collected for use in the
state and region guidebooks. Also included are three
folders of correspondence, minutes, reference materials, and
photographs. Of particular interest is the material
collected on Duluth theater, the Duluth Fire Department, and
regional ethnicity. S3000.
SUBJECTS: Duluth Fire Dept.; Federal Writer's Project, Duluth,
Notes taken by Fesler while serving as judge for the 11th
Judicial District of Minnesota. Also includes an index of
SUBJECTS: Fesler, Bert, judge;
The records have been organized into four series:
administrative, ministerial, social organizations, and
financial. Also included are photographs and one scrapbook.
Inventory available. S2445.
SUBJECTS: First Unitarian Church, Duluth, records;
and 19 vol.
This was the oldest continuously operating industry in
Duluth at the time of its closing in 1972.
The collection consists of surviving business and
miscellaneous records spanning its years of operation.
Consisting largely of accounting records, there are no
executive office files, minutes, nor annual reports.
Inventory and expanded history available. S3720.
SUBJECTS: Brewing industry, companies; Fitger Brewing Co.,
1924-1945. 16 items.
Sixteen photographs of four east end homes in Duluth for
which Fitzgerald was the architect. All of the photographs
appear to be the work of Hugh McKenzie. S3784.
SUBJECTS: Architecture: houses; Fitzgerald, Francis H.,
Correspondence, newsclippings, and photographs of family and
friends. Flaaten was the band director of the 3rd Minnesota
Regiment, Lyceum Orchestra, the Normanna Chorus, and the
Orpheus Singing Society, all of Duluth. S3147.
SUBJECTS: Flaaten, Jens H., band director;
1954. 6 in.
Personnel lists, lists of wages, costs of office, packing
and general supplies, and lists of accounts. Also included
are various formal reports on operations. S3716.
SUBJECTS: Cooperatives: creameries; Dairy industry:
cooperatives; Floodwood Cooperative Creamery Association,
Included are a short history of this Catholic mission,
with a census of the church and a listing of the various
Benedictine fathers who served there; the Fond du Lac Tri-
Parish Pictorial Directory (1977); also includes twenty-five
photographs of the mission buildings, congregation, and
various Benedictine fathers. S2166.
SUBJECTS: Catholic church, missions; Fond du Lac Reservation:
Minutes, correspondence, and Economic Notes volumes which
present information on the forest fire fighting equipment
and situation in Minnesota and surrounding states. S3754.
SUBJECTS: Fires, equipment for fighting; Forest Preservation
Advisory Committee, records;
The albums show the utility and power plants of a variety of
public buildings in Duluth and similar builings in other
locations in Minnesota and South Dakota. Foster was a
consulting engineer in Duluth. List of buildings and power
plants is available. S2449.
SUBJECTS: Duluth: buildings; Foster, Charles, engineer;
Family correspondence and photographs of family members.
Foster was originally trained as a physician, but later
became the editor of Duluth's first newspaper The
SUBJECTS: Foster, Dr. Thomas, editor;
Newsclippings (1929-1932, 1948) , photographs, scrapbook
(1887-1889), and two letters (1889, 1930). This regiment
was organized for combat in Manila Bay during the Spanish-
American War. S3123.
A letter by Fregeau to Joseph Sellwood and a job
verification statement by the Duluth South Shore and
Atlantic Railway Company in Superior, Wisconsin, for whom
Fregeau worked. Fregeau later became president of Northern
Cold Storage Company in Duluth. S3632.
Unpublished manuscript entitled, "The Cunningham-McGinty Gun
Fight," which describes a gun fight ca. 1926 in the
Littlefork ranger district. S2270.
SUBJECTS: Cunningham-McGinty gun fight, described;
Correspondence, notes, manuscripts, and biographical
Fritzen served 39 years with the Minnesota Division of
Forestry and his lumbering notes consist of information
collected about the early northern Minnesota lumbering
Letter from Gau to Clinton Markell of the Duluth City
Council concerning construction of a dock for the Northern
Pacific Railroad. S3625.
SUBJECTS: Docks: for railroads;
Photographs and glass plate negatives taken and collected by
Gaylord. They are of various subjects around the Duluth area
and include Fond du Lac and Oneota. S2395.
SUBJECTS: Fond du Lac, photographs;
Printed highway maps issued by Minnesota Department of
Highways covering Carlton, Cook, Lake, and St. Louis
counties. S2226. See also related sections of General Map
SUBJECTS: Carlton County: maps; Cook County: maps;
Compiled over many years by the St. Louis County Historical
Society, this photograph collection is the largest visual
record of Northern Minnesota outside the State Historical
Society. Documenting the beginnings and development of
Duluth and the Arrowhead region, it spans the time of the
Ojibwe Indian settlement to the present. The collection is
arranged by broad subject categories. Inventory available.
SUBJECTS: Duluth: photographs;
Poetry, essays, songs, class notes, multiplication tables,
arithmetic problems, and drawings of leaves. Volume 1 was
done while she was a student at Twin Valley, Minnesota,
volume 2 was done while she was a student in Duluth.
SUBJECTS: Education: student notebooks;
Glass plates of doctors, clinics, hospitals, nurses, and the
St. Louis County Medical Society. Gillespie was a physician
and surgeon in Duluth. S2419.
A passport from Scheunenberg, Switzerland, original in
German, typed copy in English, and a homestead certificate
from Duluth. S3171.
Correspondence, church event booklets, weekly bulletins,
newsclippings, and photographs. S3131.
Family and business papers, photographs and newsclippings of
this prominent Duluth family. Inventory available. S2317.
Groseline, a photographer from Kansas City, took these
photographs while on vacation at Partridge Lake, now called
Colby Lake, which is located in the Aurora-Hoyt Lakes,
Minnesota area. S2221.
SUBJECTS: Colby Lake, St. Louis County, photographs;
Nine photographs of Grahek and the Civilian Conservation
Corps camp #1751 located at Two Harbors, Minnesota. S3771.
SUBJECTS: Civilian Conservation Corps: camp;
Correspondence, minutes, financial and membership records,
service certificates, reference materials, photographs, and
blueprints of the three Duluth G.A.R. organizations.
Inventory available. S3017.
The Company C army commissary book for 1861-1864, listing
food items, work details with soldiers' names, sick lists,
passes issued, and expenses. Also included is a notice of
assessment for property in Duluth. S3648.
SUBJECTS: Civil War: commissary book;
Records, 1952. 6 items.
Letter, memo, and program draft from this organization
formed in 1949 to lobby for the construction of the St.
Lawrence Seaway. The third major national organization
formed to lobby for this project, it was preceded by the
Great Lakes-St. Lawrence Tidewater Association (1919-1939)
and the National St. Lawrence Association (1944-1949).
Records, 1900-1942. 39 ft.
Correspondence, pamphlets, publications, minutes, press
releases, one photograph, newsclippings, articles, maps and
reference materials. The records reflect the entire history
of the Seaway movement. The correspondence includes letters
from Herbert Hoover, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and various
state governors. Inventory available. S3040.
SUBJECTS: Barnes, Julius Howland, businessman;
Business letters, a government civil service form, and
citizenship papers for Green who was a ship's captain
operating a ferry between Duluth and Superior, and other
This collection contains only a faint reflection of the life
and varied pursuits of this active Duluth resident. Griggs
was a self-made man of diverse business and charitable
interests and was a regent of the University of Minnesota.
Inventory available. S3737.
Photocopies of letters written by Hall who was a
Congregational clergyman and missionary. He established a
mission of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign
Missions in 1831 at La Pointe, Wisconsin, a fur trading post
located on Madeline Island in Lake Superior. Hall learned
Ojibwe and translated the New Testament. S3097. See also
372, Northwest Mission Papers, for additional correspondence
of Sherman Hall.
SUBJECTS: Chippewa Indians: missions; Ojibwe: missions;
As the owner of a large Christmas tree farm, Halvorson made
this home movie describing the family business of growing
and cutting Christmas trees. S2399.
SUBJECTS: Agriculture: Tree Farms; Christmas: trees; Films:
of tree farm;
Newsclippings about the proposed changes in the Duluth-
Superior Harbor in the early 1900's. S3141.
SUBJECTS: Duluth: harbor;
ft., and 1 roll microfilm.
Dr. Hargrave taught political science at the Duluth State
Teacher's College in the late 1940's. In 1946 he became
active in the Democratic Farmer Labor party. Active in the
DFL campaign of John A. Blatnik, Hargrave ultimately went to
Washington, D.C. as Blatnik's legislative assistant and
speech writer for eight years. Hargrave returned to Duluth
in 1954 and practiced law until 1980.
The collection contains teaching materials, dissertation,
copies of Blatnik speeches (1947-1948) to the 80th congress
and radio, and microfilm of scrapbooks (1911-1980), compiled
by Ann Hargrave and filmed at Brandeis University. S2448.
SUBJECTS: Education: teaching materials;
A letter from Harris to Jennie S.S. Richardson, concerning
her story of a trip in a birchbark canoe from Burntside
Lake, near Ely, Minnesota, to Lake Agnes, in Cook County.
Also included are eight photographs and other letters about
the trip. S3626.
SUBJECTS: Canoeing: trip records; Description and travel, trips
A four page description written by Dr. William Coventry of
the subjects covered in the taped Hartley reminiscence. See
451(S2250, no.51). S2267.
SUBJECTS: Coventry, Dr. William D., author;
Letter to Hartley from James J. Hill concerning a bridge
over the St. Louis River. Hartley was a Duluth
industrialist and active in developing the Western Mesabi
SUBJECTS: Bridges: proposed;
Minutes and constitution of this Duluth organization formed
to foster and promote the development of Hebrew and Jewish
1971. 1 in.
Correspondence, minutes, bylaws, and reports. Also included
is one map produced by the Council indicating projected land
usage of the Duluth area. S2276.
1977-1986. 1.25 ft.
Created to guide the development of health services for
Northeast Minnesota and Northwest Wisconsin, this Agency
collection consists of one former board member's files,
including bylaws, minutes (1981-1983), memoranda, plans,
budgets, project review manual (1979-1980), brochures,
newsletters. Inventory available. S3770.
The Heardings were involved in the mining industry on the
Mesabi Iron Range. Correspondence of William Hellins
Hearding (1826-1893) pertains mainly to World Wars I and II;
also included are two diaries. John Harris Hearding, Sr.
(1865-1958) was superintendent of the Adams Mine in Eveleth
and was assistant general manager of the Oliver Iron Mining
Company. His son John Harris Hearding, Jr. (1899-1984), was
general superintendent of Oliver Iron Mining Company's
activities on the western Mesabi Range and was later general
manager of Minnesota operations. The files of John H., Jr.
consist of correspondence and printed material relating to
the St. Louis County Historical Society. S3672.
1 vol., 1 roll of microfilm.
A journal containing copies of letters, reports, statistical
data and information relating to Hearding's career,
including surveys of the Great Lakes. S2354.
Correspondence and newsclippings of this active Duluth
resident who was general manager of The Duluth Herald, and
the Duluth News-Tribune for 45 years and acting postmaster
from 1918-1920. S3148.
SUBJECTS: Duluth News Tribune: manager;
A diary for 1869 written by Higgins, a Presbyterian
minister in Superior, Wisconsin. S3165.
A list of property purchases, a letterhead , and a letter
from the Minneapolis Street Railway Company. This company
operated in Duluth buying and selling property. S3169.
Collection consists of bibliographies of Hilding's
publications and reprints. Hilding was a Duluth area
physician and medical researcher. S2384.
1980. 1 ft.
Final report, research files, and raw data from a study
prepared by the St. Louis County Historical Society for the
Bureau of Mines. This project, initiated by the Twin Cities
Mining Research Center, inventoried the pits, dumps, and
tailings basins of the Mesabi Range to determine the ages
and locations of these topographic features. S2347.
Photograph albums catalogued by broad subjects: Duluth,
cities, clubs and organizations, World War I, mining,
shipping, and people. S2396.
SUBJECTS: Duluth: photographs;
A report compiled for Beck and Assoc., Inc., of Duluth by
Barbara Sommer. The report identifies historic sites on the
Fond du Lac Reservation. Also included is an index to the
interviews conducted by Frank Whitebird and Mike Shabaiash
which were recorded as part of the Historic Inventory.
SUBJECTS: Beck and Assoc., Inc., Duluth, project; Fond du Lac
Reservation: historic resources;
This unpublished manuscript, entitled "Jackpine Ridge,"
describes the experiences of Charles Olson and his family
after he emigrated from Sweden in 1888. It details family
history through 1918 as they moved to Northern Minnesota,
near Warroad in Roseau County. S2218.
RESTRICTED. Literary rights withheld.
Annual programs containing membership lists, dates and
topics of discussion. This club was organized to heighten
its members' cultural and intellectual knowledge. S2409.
Unpublished manuscript entitled, "Leonidas Merritt and the
Braden Bill." This paper was delivered by Dr. Hoover at the
1978 Annual Meeting of the Minnesota Historical Society.
Letterheads, proofs for brochures, proofs for logos, one
floor plan of the ballroom, photographs and a program from a
fashion show in 1952. Also included are six photographs of
the windows of the former Black Bear Lounge in the Hotel.
Interior photographs of rooms and hallways, and exterior
photographs of the Hotel. S2359.
Includes correspondence, receipts, lists of HBC property,
inventory records, record of Indian annuity--Long Lake
District, and a record indicating Indian transactions.
This unpublished manuscript, entitled "75 Years Later," is a
history of the Hugo family. S2285.
Election materials, mayoral business, personal and business
correspondence, speeches, articles and letters by Hugo, and
material on social activities. Hugo, a prominent Duluthian,
was elected mayor in 1900. S3166.
SUBJECTS: Duluth: mayors; Elections: campaigns;
Records, 1964-1973. 3 in.
This coalition grew out of the 1969 United Fund (now the
United Way) and Duluth Welfare Council sponsored study of
health and welfare services. Included are the files kept by
the Chair of the Community Services Survey Committee,
minutes, correspondence, articles of incorporation and
bylaws, and reports from various other committees.
Hunter was a prominent Duluth resident who organized the
Duluth Savings Bank. Included are writs of attachment and
bonds in attachment between John C. Hunter, plaintiff, and
William B. Frue, defendant. S3671.
Iciek's military record giving both U.S. and Polish service
information. Iciek was pastor at Duluth St. Mary's of the
Sea Catholic Church. S3656.
Service records from the U.S. Air Force, Minnesota Air
National Guard, of Sgt. 1 SRA David Howard Ihme. S2283.
RESTRICTED. Access restricted until January 1, 1999.
1958. 1.5 ft.
Bylaws and directory of Canton North Star No. 14, membership
lists of the Duluth Lodge No. 28 and Central Link Lodge No.
175. Also included are Lodge No. 28's minutes, roll call,
and correspondence. S3070.
1938-1978. 3.75 ft.
Administrative records, campaign material, subject files,
publications and newsclippings primarily of the 59th, 60th,
61st, 62nd, and 63rd legislative districts; also the 9th
state senate district, St. Louis County, and a small
amount of material on state and national politics.
Inventory available. S2289.
SUBJECTS: Elections: campaigns;
Abstracts (1767-1776), photocopies, and related materials of
licenses issued to Canadian fur traders under both French
and British regimes. Originals in the Canadian Archives in
Ottawa. Also included are lists of Indian trade licenses
Correspondence, newsclippings, photographs, sketchbook, and
five scrapbooks. Capt. Byron Inman, founder of the Inman
Tug Line in 1885, invented the ice breaking boat (1897).
ISA began in 1886 in the Little & Nolte real estate and
insurance business in Duluth. It merged with John A.
Stephenson in 1912 and became ISA. This collection consists
of items which name some of the principle people and changes
within the ISA over the last fifty years. Also included are
correspondence, financial statements, photographs, and
Correspondence, reference materials, photographs, minutes,
and bulletins of this organization formed to assist
immigrants and to study and act upon legislation affecting
the foreign born. Most of the records concern the annual
Duluth Folk Festival. S3014.
SUBJECTS: Duluth Folk Festival, records;
Constitutions and bylaws, labor agreements, safety manuals,
and newsclippings of several local chapters of the ILA.
Records, 1945-1967. 1.25 ft.
Correspondence, drafts of contracts with various firms, and
miscellaneous notes regarding collective bargaining. S2375.
SUBJECTS: Engineers: unions;
The photographs in this collection are arranged in folders
identified by Mesabi, Vermilion, or unidentified ranges.
Some prints have specific mine information. S3779.
Correspondence, photographs, data sheets and other financial
information on public schools, newsclippings, and
architectural records. Also included is information about
the "Gary School System." S2416.
SUBJECTS: Architecture: school buildings; Education: schools;
Fifteen tapes of conversation with three Isle Royale
commercial fishing people covering various topics on
commerical fishing. S2457.
RESTRICTED IN PART.
SUBJECTS: Fishing: commercial;
One scrapbook containing clippings and papers organized into
sections: conservation, conventions, Junior Walton, Bass
Pond, Shipstead-Nolan, forestry, and CCC. This group was
formed for the purpose of protecting and restoring America's
woods, waters, and wildlife. S3715.
SUBJECTS: Civilian Conservation Corps: clippings; Conservation,
organizations; Forests: resource management;
Address entitled, "The Fur Trader in Literature," presented
at the conference "A Rendezvous With History." S2349.
Photographs of the Jackson family taken in photo studios in
Duluth, Minnesota; West Superior, Wisconsin; and Anaconda,
Montana. Includes a few notes in Swedish. S2242.
1870. 0.25 in.
Deeds and quit claims belonging to this Duluth resident who
built the first frame building on Minnesota Point in 1857.
He enlisted in the 13th Kansas Volunteers after he heard,
mistakenly, that his enlisted brother had died at
Gettysburg. He died of camp fever a few months later.
SUBJECTS: Civil War: casualties;
Interview describing Johnson's early childhood in Norway,
her immigrant experiences from 1917 to 1925, and her
experiences from 1921 to the present in Thomson, Carlton
County and Duluth. See related collections 274, 276.
1853-1956. 1.25 ft.
Correspondence, photographs, scrapbooks, notebooks,
sketches, newsclippings and other reference materials. Most
of the material concerns Emeline (Johnson) Hilton, daughter
of Charles Johnson. Inventory available. S3043.
Unpublished manuscript entitled, "The Mesabi Iron Range
Steelworkers' Union: Democracy or Dictatorship?" The paper
was written for a graduate history course. S2323.
A manuscript containing charts and photographs of lines and
family members as well as maps indicating the regions
pivotal to the family. Rudolph and Solveig Johnson are
Duluthians who emigrated from northern Norway. The family
history traces the Porsanger, Arneng, Langfjord, and Haugnes
lines. S3788. See related collections 271, 276.
Newsclippings and letters concerning Johnson's death which
occured off the coast of Egypt. He was employed as a seaman
for the Roosevelt Steamship Company and he fell overboard.
One of the letters suggests that his death was due to the
negligence of the ship's captain. S2261.
Unpublished manuscript entitled, "Albertine Johnson,"
describes life in Norway. Albertine's granddaughter, Iva,
wrote this paper for a Sociology class at University of
Minnesota, Duluth. S2328. See related collections 271,
Business correspondence, newsclippings of personal life and
friends, photographs, and one scrapbook. Johnson had a
public service career which included county treasurer in
1880 and clerk of district court from 1900 to his death.
SUBJECTS: Courts: clerks of district;
Records, 1906-1924. 8 in.
Correspondence, legal materials, newsclippings, and
pamphlets. The committee was formed in 1918 to stop steel
manufacturers from fixing steel prices based on prices in
Pittsburgh. This system, termed "Pittsburgh Plus", was
attacked by many steel centers, notably Chicago, Birmingham
and Duluth. The Federal Trade Commission abolished the
practice in 1924. S3016.
1971. 5 in.
Correspondence, minutes, reference materials, contracts,
maps, blueprints and newsclippings. This commission was a
body of Minnesota and Wisconsin legislators organized to
study means of financing a toll-free bridge between Duluth
and Superior. The Blatnik (or High) Bridge was opened in
1961. Also included is material concerning earlier bridge
and tunnel proposals. S3109.
SUBJECTS: Architecture: bridges; Blatnik (High) Bridge, built;
Records, 1902-1968. 3.75 ft.
Minutes, ledgers, journals, publications, and miscellaneous
reports of this St. Louis County union. S2307.
SUBJECTS: Barbers, union; Cosmetologists, union;
This open collection is arranged by series: administration,
training, finance, and publications. The Duluth chapter
fosters among its members an interest in the social,
economic, and educational conditions in Duluth to promote
efficient volunteer service. Inventory available. S3155.
Lessons developed by a Duluth elementary school teacher to
provide her fourth grade pupils with materials to be used in
their study of the early history of Duluth. The lessons
cover Sieur Du Lhut, Lake Superior transportation, first
trading post in Duluth, and many other topics. S2414.
SUBJECTS: Du Lhut, Daniel Greysolon; Education: teaching
Several 8x10 contact sheets of 4x6 negatives. Subjects
include scenes and events in recent Duluth history, parades,
Fond du Lac dam, Miller Creek, various residences, and
others. Kamphaus is an amateur photographer who loaned some
of his negatives for copying. S3757.
SUBJECTS: Dams, photographs; Duluth: photographs; Fond du
Radio and TV scripts, photographs, and one sound recording.
The scripts were written by Gil Fawcett about local history
events. Inventory available. S3117.
SUBJECTS: Fawcett, Gil, script writer;
1903. 3 items.
Navy Service Certificate; Petty Officer's Appointment; one
photograph album of 35 cyanotypes of the ships Lancaster,
Massachusetts, Spanish ship Reine Menceides, and sailors.
From Germany, Kempinski sailed on the Monongahela during the
Spanish-American War. S3172.
Articles of incorporation, minutes of the board of directors
and minutes of stockholders meetings. The purpose of this
Duluth-based corporation was buying, improving, and selling
SUBJECTS: Construction industry: companies;
1935. 0.25 in.
Letters, certificates, awards, religious and social
materials, family papers, and memorials.
Kimball came to Duluth in 1869, homesteaded here in 1877.
Active in the Congregational church, he went to Huron, South
Dakota as a missionary. He returned to Duluth in 1900, and
was founder and decon in the Pilgrim Congregational Church.
SUBJECTS: Congregational church, Duluth;
Materials on Duluth & Iron Range; Duluth, Missabe &
Northern; and Duluth, Missabe & Iron Range railroads.
Photographs, written records, equipment diagrams, and
employee timetables. King was a researcher in the history
of railroading in northern Minnesota for many years and in
1972, received the President's Award for railroad history
from the St. Louis County Historical Society for his book
The Missabi Road: The Duluth, Missabe and Iron Range
Railway. King retired as senior industrial engineer for
the DM&IR after 40 years of service. Inventory available.
S3742. Approximately 18 linear feet not yet cataloged.
SUBJECTS: Duluth and Iron Range Railroad: operations; Duluth,
Missabe, and Iron Range Railroad: history; Duluth,
Missabe, and Northern Railroad: operations;
One scrapbook of newsclippings and brochures divided
alphabetically by name of committee; three books of minutes,
and the constitution and bylaws. A service organization
which later melded with the Duluth Junior League, King's
Daughters operated the first day care in Duluth. S3177.
SUBJECTS: Children: care programs;
The second page of a business letter, written in Swedish,
which describes a property exchange. The firm is a Duluth
based real estate, lending, and insurance business. S2248.
Klein's address, "Cultural/Economic Origins: Wisconsin's
Voyageur Era" and Oerichbauer's untitled address which dealt
with an archaeological dig on the Yellow River, were
presented at the conference, "A Rendezvous With History."
SUBJECTS: Archeology: digs;
Constitution and bylaws, membership list, and official
program from the Seventieth Annual Conclave of the Grand
Commandery Knights Templar of Minnesota held in Duluth in
Company share certificates, land abstracts, and a letter
from the register of deeds. S3190.
Personal letters, business materials, shareholders
certificates, annual finanical statements for the Duluth Van
and Storage Co., bills, and business agreements. S3174.
SUBJECTS: Duluth Van and Storage Co., finances;
Night school certificate, father's (Perley Knowlton) death
certificate, business papers, notary public appointment
certificate, and an article on the Duluth harbor. S3173.
SUBJECTS: Duluth: harbor; Education: night school;
Minutes of a social and study club organized by Duluth area
Address entitled, "Attitudes and Values of the Early French
Explorer," dealt with the work and life of the French
explorers who travelled by canoe from Montreal to the
western Lake Superior region. Presented at the conference,
" A Rendezvous With History." S2349.
SUBJECTS: Exploration, French;
Records, ca. 1972-1978. 1.25 ft.
Board minutes, correspondence, reports, and committee and
interinstitutional minutes. The purpose of this association
is to promote interinstitutional cooperation. S2310.
SUBJECTS: Education: post-secondary;
Oral History Project, 1977. 11 Participants, approx. 15
hours, 264 pages of transcripts.
These interviews concern the history of commercial fishing
on the Minnesota north shore of Lake Superior. The
narrators comment on fishing industry finance, women in the
industry, fishing equipment, boatbuilding, the effects of
weather on Great Lakes fishing, clothing, and the history of
individual fishing businesses. The interviews were
conducted by Barbara J. Sommer, Northeast Minnesota
Historical Center, University of Minnesota, Duluth. S2207.
SUBJECTS: Boats and boating: built; Clothing: for fishing;
Four minutes books, a two page history of the club, and two
photographs of the members dated April 30, 1954. This was
the first club of its kind for people over 65 in the city of
SUBJECTS: Aged: Organizations;
Correspondence, financial statements, newsclippings, and
published and unpublished reference materials, all
concerning the activities of Great Lakes-St. Lawrence
SUBJECTS: Barnes, Julius Howland, businessman;
One copy of a license to trade with Indians at Fond du Lac,
Minnesota, given by the sub-agency of La Pointe, Wisconsin,
part of the American Fur Company. S3600. See related
SUBJECTS: American Fur Company: licenses;
One letter from Landoi at Fond du Lac to his father
concerning Francis Roussain and his wife. S3683.
Born in Finland, he came to Duluth in 1908. His interests
in Italian-American relations earned him the Royal Crown of
Italy, the highest decoration awarded by that country to a
non-Italian. He was also made a knight of the 1st rank in
the Order of the White Rose of Finland. Congressional
campaign materials, speeches, invitations, newsclippings, a
congressional report, and photographs. Larson was a
representative for the 8th district in Duluth, and a friend
of Presidents Hoover and Theodore Roosevelt. S3160.
SUBJECTS: Elections: campaigns;
Thirteen letterpress books depicting LaRue's business
activities. Included in the books are descriptions and
survey information of various mining lands, especially on
the Minnesota iron range. LaRue was a Duluth businessman
involved in quartz and ore mining in the northern Midwest.
Records of personal investments and businesses,
correspondence, law practice papers, and journals from his
rental properties. Lathers was a Duluth attorney and was an
active member of many civic organizations. S2444.
Effie (Mrs. Austin) Lathers was a past president of the
Minnesota Congress of Parents and Teachers and much of this
collection pertains to that organization. She was very
active in many Duluth civic organizations. S3719.
SUBJECTS: Education: organizations;
Minutes, annual reports, scrapbooks, and study materials
dating from the founding of this chapter of the national
organization. Inventory available. S2201.
Policy plans, minutes, agenda resolutions, correspondence,
and project reports from the Save Lake Superior Association
for which Lehto was the executive director and executive
secretary. S2361. See also related collections 583, 312,
429, 464. Approximately ten linear feet not yet cataloged
relate to Lehto's campaigns for and work in the Minnesota
House of Representatives, DFL District 8A, 1976.
SUBJECTS: Democratic-Farmer-Labor party, members; Elections:
One time book listing the workers, their time, and their
pay. Leonard Iron Mining Company operated in Eveleth,
Correspondence between Lewis and his sales agent, Kenneth S.
Cant of Duluth. Letters concern Lewis's rental and purchase
of the Webber home at 2601 East 2nd Street. Also included
are letters from Lewis concerning personal and literary
matters. Lewis, American novelist and recipient of the
Nobel prize, returned to Minnesota in 1945 to Duluth,
staying one year. S3611.
SUBJECTS: Cant, Kenneth S., realtor;
Reports, correspondence, court materials, and exhibits
related to the Reserve Mining Company controversy, which
centered around a dispute with this company's policy of
discharging taconite tailings into Lake Superior. Lind was
an environmental consultant for the Save Lake Superior
Association. Inventory available. S2385. See also related
collections 309, 429, 464.
Account book of a Lake Superior fisherman who worked from a
base at Good Harbor Bay, Cook County, Minnesota, and shipped
fish throughout the Midwest and Montana. Included in the
book are dates of order and shipment, the names of railroads
on which the fish were shipped, and a number of notations on
the type of fish shipped. S2202.
SUBJECTS: Fishing: commercial;
A portfolio of lithographic prints entitled, "Historic
Duluth," produced by the Hotel Duluth, the buildings and
scenes date between 1870s and 1920. S2229.
SUBJECTS: Art and artists: lithographs; Duluth: lithographs;
Hand drawn plat maps indicating location of rail lines in
Lake, Cook, St. Louis, and Carlton counties, Minnesota, by
John Fritzen. S2269.
SUBJECTS: Carlton County: railroads; Cook County: railroads;
48 Diaries (1873-1925), photographs, and reference
materials. The diaries include daily entries of activities
and personal expenses. Lovett was a Duluth real estate
agent and was involved in establishing the Modern
Samaritans, a Duluth fraternal and insurance organization.
Inventory available. S3041.
Circulars, programs, photographs, a speech, and an agreement
between A.M. Miller and the Lyceum for a theatre box in
exchange for land. The Lyceum Theatre opened in 1891 at 5th
Avenue West and Superior Street and was razed in 1966.
Maps of the United States, Canada, the Midwest, Great Lakes,
Michigan, Minnesota, Wisconsin, and more detailed maps of
Duluth and the counties, towns, and mines of the Arrowhead
region. Each map has an information sheet describing it.
SUBJECTS: Arrowhead region: maps; Canada: maps;
Transcripts are from oral histories on the subjects of 1918
forest fire, mining, life on the iron range, and
reminiscences of longtime Duluthians. S2284.
SUBJECTS: Duluth: residents' reminiscences; Fires: forest;
Business letters, promotional material, advertisements,
stock certificates, financial statements, annual reports,
list of salesmen (1953), annual roundup program,
correspondence, and articles about the company. Marshall-
Wells Company was a wholesale hardware and grocery firm with
offices throughout the northwestern United States and in
Canada. The executive office was located on the Duluth
SUBJECTS: Advertising: Hardware and Groceries;
The Marvin family has been involved with Duluth's history
from its beginnings. A complete genealogical sketch does
not exist at this time, and there has been confusion over
family members as there are three Luke Marvins: Luke, Luke
A., and Luke E. Luke Marvin (1820-1880) and Mary Ann Collins
Marvin (1826-1889) are the original settlers and founders of
the First Presbyterian Church of Duluth. Marvin was
register of land office in Duluth, auditor of St. Louis
County, and in 1871, member of the State Legislature. The
Marvins had ten children. The collection contains Luke
Marvin papers, family correspondence, Barker papers,
newsclippings, printed materials, identified photographs,
Luke A. Marvin papers, household account books and church
SUBJECTS: Barker family, papers; First Presbyterian Church,
Correspondence and financial records of a Lutsen, Cook
County fisherman. The financial records consist of bills
and receipts for fish sold and supplies purchased, which
document Mathisen's dealings with fisheries' sales agents on
Lake Superior's north shore, various freight companies, and
the North Superior Cooperative Fisheries in Duluth.
Included are reports by Mathisen and his partner, Sevold
Rise, to state and federal agencies giving the amount and
value of their catches. S2204.
SUBJECTS: Fishing: commercial;
Annual reports, financial records, photographs, programs,
minutes, scrapbooks, and newsclippings documenting the
history of this St. Louis County cultural organization
formed to promote musical art in Duluth. It brings concerts
to the city and sponsors many musical programs. Inventory
Correspondence, legal documents, and newsclippings dealing
with civil rights. Maupins served as the president of the
Duluth chapter of the NAACP from 1958 to 1969. S2367.
SUBJECTS: Blacks: organizations; Civil rights, organizations; African Americans: history;
Account journals, cashbooks, and employee ledgers obtained
from a sale of the John McAlpine estate. Some of the
records appear to belong to the Lutsen Lumber Company, but
the relationship between the two companies is unclear.
Land deed, invention, purchase agreements, a pamphlet on the
invention of a double steamboat, correspondence, and a
passenger's contract ticket. McDougall was a shipbuilder in
Duluth who invented the "whaleback" ship in 1881. S3192.
SUBJECTS: Boats and boating: built;
Photographic prints and glass plates of Duluth and
surrounding areas. McKenzie worked as a photographer in
Duluth from 1902 and owned the McKenzie Studio. Inventory
Six undated photographs of the Kelley-How-Thomson Company
building, Marshall-Wells Company building, and the Blake &
Waite Company building. S2265.
SUBJECTS: Blake and Waite Co., building;
Correspondence, newsclippings, photographs, and one
scrapbook. Meining served as sheriff of St. Louis County
from 1911 to 1918, and was active in civic affairs. S3127.
Correspondence, photographs, and newsclippings. Melheim, a
professional woodcarver, immigrated from Norway and settled
in Ray, Minnesota, near International Falls. S2424.
SUBJECTS: Art and artists: woodcarver;
Personal and financial correspondence, letterpress books,
scrapbooks, newsclippings, manuscripts written about the
family and local history, financial ledgers, legal papers,
maps, photographs, one audio cassette of an interview, and
reference materials. The Merritts are one of the most
important families in the early history of Duluth, involved
in lumbering, surveying, shipping, and iron ore. By 1893,
they had claims on a large portion of the Mesabi Iron Range
and had built the Duluth, Missabe and Northern Railway.
Ultimately, financial conditions forced them to give up most
of their wealth to John D. Rockefeller. Inventory
RESTRICTED IN PART, until Sept. 27, 1989, patron must obtain
written permission of donor.
SUBJECTS: Duluth, Missabe, and Northern Railroad: built;
Photograph albums and negatives which depict Lake Superior
ships, docks, passenger ships, ship wrecks, and ship
construction. Miller was a professional photographer who
lived and worked in Duluth, but it is not clear which images
he made and which he collected. S2397.
1865. 1 vol.
One 38 page payroll ledger for sundry expenses, listing
names, occupation, time, and amount paid. S3031.
A looseleaf notebook containing photographs and
newsclippings on mining and individuals involved in mining.
It is divided into two sections: biographical and Michigan
This organization was formed to achieve cooperation among
civic groups working to promote and advertise the
recreational and agricultural resources of the region. It
involves Cook, Lake, St. Louis, Carlton, Itasca, Aitkin,
Koochiching, Beltrami, Crow Wing, Hubbard, and Cass
counties. Inventory available. S3158.
SUBJECTS: Agriculture: resources; Aitkin County: development;
Arrowhead region: development; Beltrami County:
development; Carlton County: development; Cass County:
development; Cook County: development; Crow Wing
1955-1970. 0.5 ft.
Constitution and bylaws, minutes of the tribe meetings,
regulations on rice harvesting, correspondence, and
newsclippings. The boundaries of the Fond du Lac
reservation, set in 1954, are located in St. Louis and
Carlton Counties, adjacent to the towns of Cloquet and
RESTRICTED. Access restricted until Jan. 1, 1994.
SUBJECTS: Fond du Lac Reservation: records;
1900-1930. 1.25 ft.
Correspondence, newsclippings, pamphlets, and souvenirs from
social and political events. Much of the correspondence is
addressed to Mrs. Alfred Junk. Mr. Junk was a prominent
lawyer and politician from northeastern Minnesota.
Inventory available. S2388.
Records, 1919-1923. 11 items.
Four maps of the area near Alborn, St. Louis County, soil
acidity test reports, and miscellaneous records of private
property. This group of documents relates to forest fire
claims filed with St. Louis County Court. S3735.
SUBJECTS: Courts: claims filed; Fires: forest; Forests: fires;
In 1973, the Minnesota Historical Society's Division of
Archives and Manuscripts organized the Minnesota Manuscripts
Resources Inventory Project, and forty counties were
surveyed. Collection consists of microfilm reproductions of
the complete survey forms arranged alphabetically by county.
The forms describe the collections of each county historical
society. Inventory available. S2391.
Minute book, 1891-1895. 0.5 in.
Constitution, bylaws, and a list of officers of the
1905-1931. 4 in.
Articles of incorporation, minutes of the board of
directors, two journals, and three account ledgers. S3080.
Newsclippings, annual reports, quarterly stockholder
reports, and prospectuses. MP&L is an operating public
utility engaged in the generation, purchase, transmission,
distribution, and sale of electric energy in Minnesota.
Minnesota Coastal Zone Management Program advisory committee
minutes and various statements issued by the Minnesota
Planning Agency pertaining to CZM. Govenor Wendell Anderson
authorized the Minnesota State Planning Agency to apply for
Coastal Zone funds and coordinate the CZM. S2335.
SUBJECTS: Coastal Zone Management Program, records;
DULUTH. Records, 1908-1928. 5.5 ft.
Service records, correspondence, newsclippings, scrapbooks,
prepared written histories, minutes, reports, photographs,
publication and war posters. Also included are draft
records and war photographs. This commission was formed to
ensure a proper historical compilation of activities of
individuals and units of World War I. S3005.
Film about the Minnesota Woolen Company of Duluth which sold
clothing throughout the United States employing several
hundred people in Duluth. It was started in 1916 by Nathan
(Nat) G. and Abraham B. Polinsky who were partners in the
business until 1958 when Abraham moved to San Diego. The
business began as a small mail order store and later
distributed the clothing door to door through the national
Fashion Wagon Party plan introduced in 1962. The retail
store was closed in 1976. S3758.
SUBJECTS: Clothing: retail; Films: store history;
Mitchell's letters to his family concerning his trip from
Pennsylvania to St. Cloud, Minnesota, and daily life while
living in St. Cloud. S3191.
SUBJECTS: Description and travel, trips described;
1853-1944. 3 ft.
Mitchell established the Tribune newspaper in Superior,
Wisconsin in 1869 and moved it to Duluth in 1870. After it
was sold in 1889, he turned to real estate until the weekly
Tribunal was established in 1894. Correspondence, reference
materials, photographs, and newsclippings. Also included in
the collection are materials concerning a proposed tunnel
between Duluth and Superior. Inventory available. S3027.
A letter from the Kincaid Mercantile Company liquidating
committee concerning payment for services Monaghan gave
them. He was secretary and treasurer for the Northern Drug
Company of Duluth, Minnesota. S3673.
A letter of introduction for Monford and a letter describing
Monford's duties as general agent for the Northern Pacific
Railroad Company in Duluth, Minnesota. S3161.
Correspondence, newsclippings, speech transcripts, published
medical journal articles, a manuscript entitled "Notes on
the Early History of Eveleth," and one scrapbook of
newsclippings, and hospital records (1 inch). More
established More Hospital in Eveleth, Minnesota, and was an
active member of the community. S3142.
SUBJECTS: Eveleth: history;
Minutes, correspondence, financial records, photographs, and
architectural drawings. The club was formed to provide
social, recreational, and educational programs for its
members. Membership was limited to employees of the United
States Steel Corporation and their families who lived in
Morgan Park, Fond du Lac, New Duluth, Gary, Smithville, West
Duluth, and Duluth, Minnesota. Inventory available. S2366.
SUBJECTS: Architecture: drawings;
Bound record book of numerical listing of patients treated
at the Morgan Park private hospital set up by U.S. Steel in
that community. The information includes name, age,
religion, address, country of birth, occupation, disease or
treatment, and other data pertaining to the hospital stay.
One scrapbook of clippings, constitution and bylaws,
membership list, photographs, and programs. The club was
founded in 1938 for the purpose of promoting good fellowship
in the neighborhood of the Morley Heights area of Duluth,
An unpublished paper entitled "Foreign Seafarers in Duluth,
Meeting Their Needs, 1960-1977." Submitted as a research
paper to the History Department, University of Minnesota,
Duluth. History of agencies which assisted foreign sailors
while in Duluth. S2219.
A letter written by Murphy containing his personal account
of the October 12 fire of 1918, addressed to his mother in
Clinton, Iowa. S2243.
SUBJECTS: Cloquet, forest fire; Fires: forest; Forests: fires;
Reminiscences of a Duluth lumberman about his family history
and life in northern Minnesota lumber camps. S2211.
Correspondence, certificates, diplomma, photographs, and an
account book of patients. Murray practiced medicine in
Duluth, Minnesota. He also served as Duluth city health
commissioner and medical examiner for the Minnesota State
Althletic Commission. S3096.
Records, 1902. 5 items.
Letters and a resolution concerning the location of a school
of mines to be founded in St. Louis County. S3657.
SUBJECTS: Education: proposed schools; Engineers: projects;
Records, 1919-1920. 1/8 in.
Membership lists, financial accounts, and letters to the
national headquarters. S3628.
SUBJECTS: Children: in labor force;
Records, 1943-1976. 2.5 ft.
Correspondence, minutes, financial records, reference
materials, photographs, and scrapbooks. This organization
began as the Duluth Round Table in 1943. It sponsored
programs and information to promote brotherhood and reduce
prejudice in the area. S3015.
SUBJECTS: Duluth Round Table, records;
Records, 1977-1979. 1 in.
Newsclippings, chapter minutes, newsletter and
Transcript of a recorded interview in which Nelson describes
his Swedish parents' pioneer experiences in Cook County,
SUBJECTS: Cook County: pioneers;
Photographs assumed to be made by Newton who was a landscape
photographer and artist living in the Lester Park area of
Duluth, Minnesota. The photographs are of mining, Duluth,
lake and vessels, logging, and various people. S2381.
SUBJECTS: Duluth: photographs;
Correspondence, meeting programs, photographs, resolutions,
and newsclippings. This organization was formed in 1929 to
bring together the Cook, Lake, and St. Louis County
Historical Societies to promote historical knowledge of the
North Shore. S3617.
SUBJECTS: Cook County Historical Society, activities;
Records, 1965-1978. 6 in.
Records of a six-county nonprofit association organized in
1964 to work for the economic development of Carlton, Cook,
Itasca, Koochiching, Lake, and St. Louis counties. Included
are annual reports, testimony by the association before the
U.S. Congressional Subcommittee on National Parks regarding
the Boundary Waters Canoe Area, and a paper entitled
" Dilemma in Steel" by Christian F. Beukema, which was
presented at the annual meeting in 1977. S2297.
SUBJECTS: Beukema, Christian F., author; Boundary Waters Canoe
Area, congressional testimony; Carlton County:
development; Cook County: development;
This open collection consists of the records of the Center
and reflects its development and growth. The Center was
established as the 8th regional research center in the state
of Minnesota for the purpose of collecting, preserving and
making available to the public for research use the
documentary records of the Arrowhead region of the state:
St. Louis, Cook, Lake, and Carlton counties. Inventory
SUBJECTS: Arrowhead region: records; Carlton County: records;
Cook County: records;
Correspondence, minutes, annual progress reports, and
financial statements. This organization was founded in 1918
by a group of Duluth businessmen and clergy to distribute
free Bibles to the needy of the northern states. It also
maintained a Bible museum containing numerous rare items.
The Bible collection has been donated to the University of
Minnesota, Duluth. S2316.
Records, 1907-1968. 0.5 in.
Promotional material, newspaper advertisements, news
article, a financial report, storage receipts, business
letters, and employment cards. This company was started in
1907 and specialized in storing dairy and poultry products.
It was located on the Duluth waterfront. S3613.
SUBJECTS: Advertising: Warehouse; Dairy industry: storage;
Correspondence, constitution and bylaws, minutes,
resolutions, general administrative files of two board
members, financial records, public relations files, and
newsclippings. NOREC was formed in 1969 as an umbrella
organization for 32 regional groups. Its goal was to
increase public awareness about environmental problems and
to act as a lobbying task force. Charles H. Stoddard was
instrumental in organizing NOREC. Inventory available.
SUBJECTS: Environment: lobbying groups;
Contracts, mortgages, legal agreements, and court documents
in which Northern Pacific was a party. Also included are
speeches by Howard Elliot, president of the company. S2370.
SUBJECTS: Elliot, Howard, railroad man;
Journals, timetables, contracts, and records of the Northern
Pacific's operations in Duluth. The journals include
abstracts of contracts and agreements (1884-1898) of the
NP's construction department. Most of the contracts concern
northeastern Minnesota land and bridge agreements. Also
included are reports of vessels passing through bridges
(1908-1915), accident, and delay reports (1905-1909). Both
reports are in poor condition, but generally legible.
SUBJECTS: Bridges: railroad;
Typewritten copies of letters, diaries, church records, and
magazine articles relating to Protestant and Catholic
missions in Minnesota and the Northwest. The records detail
routine information about missions, Indians, and individual
missionaries. The copies were drawn from many sources
including the Minnesota Historical Society, the Quebec Arch
Episcopal Archives and the American Board of Commissioners
for Foreign Missions. This is a portion of a larger
collection held by MHS. S3044.
SUBJECTS: Catholic church, missions;
A book of photographs showing the company's docks,
apparatus, and delivery methods. The company operated in
the northern Great Lakes area selling coal and had docks and
offices in Duluth. S3619.
SUBJECTS: Docks: photographs;
Founded in 1883 as the Ladies Relief Society, the
organization had as its initial purpose providing relief for
young pioneer women with infants. In 1887 the name was
changed to the Duluth Home Society; in 1951 it became the
Children's Home Society. In 1951 its goals were revised,
with emphasis given to the care of emotionally disturbed
children. In 1971 it became Northwood Children's Home
Society. Included are a history of the home, bylaws, an
annual report, and journals recording expenditures,
receipts, and monthly payrolls. S2292.
SUBJECTS: Children: residnetial homes; Duluth Home Society,
Black and white prints made by Nylander, an amateur
photographer and life-long resident of Duluth. Nylander was
a pioneer in the Duluth radio system and an active
participant in civic organizations. His photographs are
primarily of Duluth scenes, buildings, and some military
monuments and markers beyond the Duluth vicinity. Inventory
SUBJECTS: Duluth: photographs;
Minutes, a brief history of the club, constitution and
bylaws, and a list of names and officers of various
community clubs in Duluth. This club was formed to secure
improvements for the community and was later changed to
attract younger people by including social and athletic
SUBJECTS: Duluth: civic improvements;
The collection consists of one English to Ojibway language
SUBJECTS: Dictionaries, Ojibway; Ojibwe language;
Scrapbooks, newsclippings, membership card file,
reminiscences, financial and legal materials, photographs,
and reference materials. The association was organized in
1886 as a social and historical club. Any person who had
resided in the region for at least twenty-five years was
eligible to join. It disband in 1946. S3013.
Oliver Iron Mining Company was founded in 1892 by Henry W.
Oliver in Eveleth, Mountain Iron and Virginia, Minnesota,
areas of the Mesabi Iron Range. Oliver shared half interest
in his company with Andrew Carnegie until 1901, when Oliver
Iron Mining became a subsidiary of United States Steel
Corporation. The Oliver Iron Mining Division of U.S. Steel
Corporation had its headquarters at Virginia, Minnesota and
later at Hibbing, Minnesota. The Division continued
operations until 1964, when it bacame the Minnesota Ore
Operations, U.S. Steel Corporation. Included are
photographs, financial materials, exploration data,
newsclippings, safety manuals, civil defense articles,
technical manuals, inspection films, and various maps.
Inventory available. S3021.
SUBJECTS: Civil Defense: articles; Films: of mining;
Minutes and bylaws. The members discussed and criticized
ideas, gave orations, wrote essays, and held debates
concerning literary works. S3638.
in. and 2 vol.
Constitution, bylaws, minutes, treasury reports, financial
records, deeds, and two letters about a mission in India.
A dismantled account ledger including information on all
three of the apparel stores located in Duluth. S3110.
SUBJECTS: Clothing: retail;
Circulars and programs of a Duluth theater. The Orpheum had
an orchestra and played host to vaudeville, touring plays,
and a resident stock company. It was remodeled into the
Norshor Theater in 1941. S2325.
1889-1949. 9 vol.
Seven volumes of Ladies Aid minutes written in Norwegian,
one minute book of the board of trustees in English, and one
treasurer's book also written in Norwegian. The church was
founded in 1889 in West Duluth. S3060.
Programs, membership lists, and correspondence of this
Duluth club which sponsored lectures on art, history, and
science of the 18th and 19th centuries. S2333.
Two reports entitled "New Towns at Babbitt and Beaver Bay,
Minnesota," and "Beaver Bay Townsite: Final Planning Report
and Recommendations." Both were compiled by Pace Associates
for Reserve Mining Company and describe improvements of
living conditions in the taconite mining industry. S2245.
SUBJECTS: Babbitt: town planning; Beaver Bay: town planning;
Correspondence, contracts, statements, and biographical
material. Paine was an active Duluth resident who formed
the banking firm of Paine and Larder which later became
Security Bank. He was also in the insurance business.
One scrapbook and one photograph album containing
newsclippings of Paine's career as manager of the Duluth
park system. The photographs are of Jay Cooke State Park.
Also included are correspondence, resumes, and business
SUBJECTS: Duluth: parks;
Pardee graduated from Yale in 1885 and came to Duluth to
become editor of the News. In 1896, he established the
Daily Commonwealth and then moved to Red Wing, Minnesota, to
publish The Goodhue County News. Pardee wrote for the St.
Paul Pioneer in 1905, but returned to Duluth in 1907 to
serve as editor of the Star. Pardee's writing brought him
to Washington, D.C. to conduct publicity work for Hoover's
food administration. He also became publicity director of
the U.S. Department of the Treasury before returning to
Duluth in 1919, to become assistant director of the Great
Lakes-St. Lawrence Tidewater Association. Included are
correspondence, articles written by Pardee, notes and other
reference materials primarily from 1913 to 1930. Inventory
SUBJECTS: Duluth: newspapers;
Records, 1928-1975. 6 in.
Newsclippings, yearbooks, two general scrapbooks, and one
scrapbook of the Chester Park PTA. A few photographs are
also included. S3068.
SUBJECTS: Chester Park, Duluth, education group; Education:
The scrapbook contains photographs and memorabilia of club
members and activities. The club served young people from
the Hunter's Park and Morley Heights neighborhoods. S3763.
SUBJECTS: Children: organizations; Four-H (4-H), clubs;
1872-1976. 7 rolls microfilm.
The microfilm covers sixty volumes of records, consisting of
statistical information on baptisms, confirmations,
marriages, deaths, and history of the congregation. Also
included are church council minutes, general minutes,
financial records, and several scrapbooks. The church was
started in 1872 as St. Paul's Evangelical Church in the
tradition of the Prussian Evangelical Union. In 1934 it was
changed to St. Paul's Evangelical and Reformed Church, and
in 1957 it changed again to St. Paul's United Church of
Christ. In 1959 it made the final change to Peach Church
symbolized by its "peace" bells. Inventory available.
SUBJECTS: Evangelical and Reformed Church, Duluth;
1908-1910. 60 items.
Nine pages and four loose prints of Duluth and the region
including Lester Park, Fond du Lac, many buildings and
events, and Chisholm, Minnesota, after the fire. S3730.
SUBJECTS: Chisholm: photographs; Duluth: photographs; Fond du
Newspaper clippings, drafts of Pearson's speeches, and
reports on the Minnesota State CIO Council and the CIO
Congress of Women's Auxiliaries. Pearson (Mrs. Ernest) was
active in the latter organization. S2244. See related
SUBJECTS: Congress of Industrial Organizations, women's
Pearsons was superintendent of circulation at the Duluth
Evening Herald and managed the newsboys. The collection
contains newsclippings and photographs of the various events
involving the newsboys, as well as personal correspondence
and a sketch book. S3145.
SUBJECTS: Art and artists: sketches; Children: in labor force;
Duluth: newspapers; Duluth Evening Herald, newsboys;
Photographs of the Duluth area and scenes of winter, smelt
fishing, the Split Rock lighthouse, the shore of Lake
Superior, and other nature scenes. Peck was a plumber and
an amateur photographer. S3721.
SUBJECTS: Duluth: photographs; Fishing: photographs;
Two typewritten copies of Peet's original diaries and three
letters. The diaries contain daily entries, personal
expenses, and weather information. Peet was a Methodist
minister who established a mission in Superior, Wisconsin,
and was involved in establishing the First Methodist Church
of Duluth. S3047.
SUBJECTS: First Methodist Church, Duluth, established;
Peterson wrote music professionally and served as an
entertainment specialist in Germany during World War II.
The record, "Growin' Pains," was a musical production
performed at Hibbing High School and tells the history of
the Mesabi Range through music, drama, and dance. S3677.
Warranty deeds and quit claims, tax receipts, and
correspondence. Peterson was a Superior, Wisconsin resident
who was a justice of the peace and member of the school
Genealogical notebooks tracing the lineage of the Phelpses
and Robinsons, and letter contracts. Phelps was a Duluth
lawyer who served as St. Louis County Attorney in 1899.
Eleven photographs of unidentified people from the Thiel,
Zweifel, and Dworshak studios. Five are albumen cabinet
cards. The dates of three of the portraits are 1914, 1915,
and 1936. S3727.
SUBJECTS: Dworshak, Studio, photographs;
Seven cabinet cards, six albumen, of unidentified people
from the following photographers or studios: Paul B.
Gaylord, Carl Thiel, A. Dahlquist, Green's West End Gallery,
Zenith Gallery, The Robinson, and Sathers, all of Duluth,
SUBJECTS: Dahlquist, A., photographer;
This collection is comprised of district court exhibit
photographs which appear to be accident scenes in Chisholm,
Virginia, Biwabik, and Gilbert, Minnesota. Some are dated,
others unidentified. Included are street scenes, mine
scenes, equipment, buildings, people, work sites, and the
Eveleth Fire Department. S3729.
SUBJECTS: Biwabik: photographs; Chisholm: photographs;
Eveleth Fire Dept., photographs;
Eight photographs showing Isle Royale, two hunting scenes
near Split Rock, and the Duluth Boat Club. S3768.
SUBJECTS: Duluth Boat Club: photographs;
Morley Heights area and street scenes: 4th Street at 29th
and 34th Avenues East, Hawthorne and Snivley Roads, Comstock
Avenue. 8x10 prints. S2266.
SUBJECTS: Duluth: photographs;
Photographs of the Duluth Aerial Bridge, North Shore scenes,
Kakabeka Falls of Ontario, Canada, Grand Marais, Temperance
River, ore boats, Split Rock Lighthouse, Gun Flint Trail,
and others. The photographs are all black and white family
SUBJECTS: Aerial Bridge, Duluth, photographs; .i.Bridges:
Church publications, a yearbook of activities, membership
list, anniversary booklets, newsletters, service programs
giving notes on church activities, and meeting programs.
The church is now located at 23rd Avenue East and 4th Street
in Duluth. S3629.
SUBJECTS: Congregational church, Duluth;
Minnesota W.P.A. plat maps of St. Louis, Lake, Carlton,
Koochiching, and Cook counties. The bulk of the maps are of
St. Louis County. Plat book, 1899-1918, is indexed.
SUBJECTS: Carlton County: maps; Cook County: maps;
Plat maps for northern St. Louis County towns on the Mesabi
Iron Range, Coleraine in Itasca County and Proctor,
Minnesota, by the Fire Underwriters Inspection Bureau of
Minneapolis, Minnesota. The maps show streets, buildings,
railroads, creeks, lakes, and businesses. Also included is
fire protection information. S3787.
SUBJECTS: Coleraine, maps; Fire Underwriters Inspection Bureau,
Post cards of various Duluth scenes, parks and buildings.
Also shown are lumber camps, Apostle Islands, and the
Arrowhead region. S2282.
SUBJECTS: Apostle Islands, Wis., post cards; Arrowhead region:
post cards; Duluth: post cards;
Correspondence, newsclippings, and one scrapbook consisting
of newsclippings of her articles as a correspondent and her
poems. Post was the first newspaper reporter in this area
and worked for the Ashtabula Sentinel, an Ohio newspaper, a
Michigan paper and the Duluth Minnesotian. She resided in
Superior, Wisconsin, arriving in 1854. S3128.
Powless, Department of Indian Studies, College of St.
Scholastica, Duluth, Minnesota, delivered an address
entitled, "You are a Part of Our History: An Indian View,"
an overview of the early Indian history of the western Lake
Superior area. It was presented at the conference, "A
Rendezvous With History." S2349.
ca. 1958. 2 in.
Reminiscences of an immigrant from Yugoslavia who settled in
Eveleth, Minnesota. The majority of these papers are in
Slovene. Included is a genealogical diagram. S2334.
Correspondence and a dues book from a local organization.
Prisegem lived in Superior, Wisconsin and was probably a
Slavic immigrant. A portion of the collection is in a
Slavic language, most likely Czechoslovakian or Slovenian.
The fiftieth anniversary edition, 1906-1956, of a newspaper
established as a weekly in 1906 and still published today.
Proctor is a village adjoining the west side of Duluth.
Correspondence, minutes, annual bulletins, bylaws and
amendments, membership rosters, divisional and national
meeting records and reports, and newsletters from others
chapters in Minnesota and North Dakota. This organization
evaluates the standards of the secretarial profession,
provides benefits, and sponsors civic and social activities.
Two volumes of newsclippings on water tests, rubbish, city
isolation hospital, vaccinations, care in handling milk,
nursing council, sewage, and other topics reflect a growing
awareness of public health issues in Duluth. Also included
are photographs of disease or injury prone areas, and the
Civilian Defense health concerns of the 1940 war years.
SUBJECTS: Civil Defense: in World War II; Dairy industry: milk
Council programs presenting their goals and history,
articles by the group, a New York Evening Post editorial
about the council, and correspondence to Duluth members.
This organization was formed in 1927 in association with the
Izaak Walton League for the purpose of obtaining a treaty
between Canada and the United States to protect and expand
public lands in the Rainy Lake watershed. See related
collections 267, 365. S3615.
SUBJECTS: Canada: treaties;
Photographs of Quick's paintings and drawings, exhibition
announcements, invitations, publicity, speeches,
newsclippings, biography, and obituary. He taught at the
College of St. Scholastica, Duluth, before joining the staff
of the Minneapolis School of Art. Quick founded the Grand
Marais Art Colony. S3724.
SUBJECTS: Art and artists: painters;
Maps and drawings relating to Duluth & Iron Range Railroad,
and Duluth, Missabe & Northern Railroad. Inventory
SUBJECTS: Duluth and Iron Range Railroad: maps; Duluth, Missabe,
and Northern Railroad: maps;
A plat of an area in Duluth, a portrait photograph,
biographical information, and a photograph of Rakowsky's
funeral bier. He came to Duluth from Koenigsburg, Prussia,
and served in the 8th New York Infantry during the Civil
SUBJECTS: Civil War: veterans; Duluth: maps;
Photographs, newsclippings, and correspondence of Ramberg
when he was a reporter for the Duluth Herald, 1921-1936.
SUBJECTS: Duluth Herald, reporter;
Correspondence and minutes of this voluntary organization of
social workers from the Mesabi and Vermilion Iron Ranges
organized to exchange ideas. S3052.
One letter from the Assembled Chiefs of the Tribe of the
Bois Forte Ojibwe to the Rapsons who gave the Ojibwe
Christmas presents. S3674.
SUBJECTS: Bios Forte band, Ojibwe; Christmas:
Reitan, who was a commercial fisherman on Lake Superior,
describes the sinking of his tug on January 4, 1924, off
Port Wing, Wisconsin, and his own fight for life as he rowed
across the lake to safety at Two Harbors, Minnesota. S2212.
SUBJECTS: Fishing: commercial;
1970. 60 min.
St. Pierre's reflections on working as a trombone player at
theaters, with bands and well-known performers who came to
Duluth. He reminisces about the Duluth Boat Club rowing
crew, the Duluth News-Tribune, local photographers, White
City on Park Point, and other points of interest in Duluth
SUBJECTS: Boats and boating: rowing crew; Duluth: residents'
reminiscenses; Duluth Boat Club: rowing crew; Duluth
One food order book showing daily purchases from this
business located at Smithville on Grand Avenue in Duluth,
Correspondence, minutes , newsclippings, and scrapbooks.
This organization was formed to promote the Republican Party
in the Duluth area. S2355.
Legal correspondence, testimonies, briefs, transcripts,
reports and exhibits. This case dealt with the
environmental dispute with Reserve Mining Company of Silver
Bay, Minnesota, over the company's policy of dumping
taconite tailings into Lake Superior. Inventory available.
S2390. See also related collections 309, 312.
SUBJECTS: Environment: taconite issue;
Records, 1919-1961. 0.5 ft.
Minutes, bylaws, newsclippings, memorabilia from annual
conventions, an attendance register for Local No. 930, and
charters for various Locals. The geographic area for Locals
No. 3 and 1116 was Northern Minnesota and Northern
SUBJECTS: Clerks, unions;
Record of expenditures and receipts of a Duluth
boardinghouse located at 54 East Superior St. S2227.
SUBJECTS: Boardinghouses, ledger;
1881-1963. 1 ft.
Correspondence, newsclippings, photographs, poems, programs
of her concert series, and reference materials. Mrs.
Richards was a president of Matinee Musicale in Duluth and
manager of a concert series which brought well-known
musicians to the area. S3049.
The collection consists of a list of supplies needed for a
canoe trip. S3665.
SUBJECTS: Canoeing: supplies;
One 26 page sketchbook of Duluth scenes and citizens.
People drawn in the book include E.S. Hammond, William
Stone, Senator Howard, Jim Cullyford, Leonidas Merritt, and
William Spaulding. Richardson came to Duluth in 1881 to
teach a short course in drawing to local high school
SUBJECTS: Art and artists: drawings; Cullyford, Jim, portrait;
Letters and speeches written in Swedish by Lewis Reitz,
photographs, and correspondence of Laurette Reitz. Laurette
was a singer who toured throughout Minnesota. S3094.
Photographs of Duluth parks, Isle Royale, northern St. Louis
County, and the north shore of Lake Superior. S2228.
SUBJECTS: Duluth: parks;
Photographs primarily of logging camps and lumberjacks in
northeastern Minnesota by William Roleff. S2240.
Correspondence, a business license for retail dealership,
and his report as postmaster at Fond du Lac. Roussain lived
and worked at the Astor Trading Post in Fond du Lac. He was
often called the first white child born in Duluth, but was
actually half Ojibwe. S3195.
SUBJECTS: American Fur Company: posts; Fond du Lac, post;
Correspondence in French with English translation. Roussain
was an early settler at Fond du Lac and worked for the
American Fur Company. He married an Ojibwe woman and is the
father of Eustache Roussain. S3669.
SUBJECTS: American Fur Company: posts; Fond du Lac, post;
One letter written in Ojibwe to Roy from Peter Beaver of
Grand Portage. Roy was an early settler of the Fond du Lac
SUBJECTS: Beaver, Peter, letter; Fond du Lac, settlers;
Records, 1883, 1892. 4 items.
Bylaws and officers' membership list of this secret
fraternal organization. S3074.
Records, 1869, 1892. 6 items.
A bylaws guidebook and an officers' membership list from
this secret fraternal organization which was chartered in
Financial statements and business of the board of directors
of this wholesale grocery and coffee roasting company
located in Duluth, Minnesota. S3159.
One seven page payroll ledger for sundry expenses listing
name, occupation, time, and amount paid. S3032.
Two secretary's books, photographs, newsclippings,
correspondence, financial papers, articles of incorporation,
and programs. This organization was formed to stimulate the
cultivation of music and traditional folk songs of the
Nordic countries. S3121.
1962. 18 items.
Correspondence (1889-1905) removed from the East 3rd Street
church's 1905 cornerstone, a dedication pamphlet of the new
church relocated in the Ordean residence at 2307 East
Superior Street in 1944, when a fire destroyed the church
interior, and newsclippings. S3061.
Newsclippings, pamphlets, and one table placemat. This
collection deals mainly with Seaway Days in Duluth which
celebrated the completion of the Seaway. S3138.
Includes reports made by various county officials; applications for liquor licenses; claims against St. Louis County which were ordered paid by the county board; tax records; correspondence; public examiner's reports on school districts, boards of education, cities, townships, and St. Louis County; election tally sheets; and proceedings of the St. Louis County Board of Audit. S2400.
SUBJECTS: Government Records;
Includes proceedings (1858-1919) and indexes (for 1912-1914 only), abstracts of road minutes (1818-1890) and administrative regulations (1920-1938). S3709.
SUBJECTS: Government Records;
This court exercised jurisdiction over present-day St. Louis, Lake, and Cook counties. S2429.
SUBJECTS: Government Records;
Contains copies of laws which governed creation of the commission, minutes and resolutions, bills, and correspondence. S3708.
SUBJECTS: Government Records;
1941-1946. 1.25 ft.
Minutes, bulletins, committee lists, newsletters, and
various reports. This organization was formed to carry on a
self protection and war service program until World War II
was won, as well as to serve as an intermediary between St.
Louis County and the State Civilian Defense Council. S3118.
SUBJECTS: Civil Defense: in World War II;
1969-1979. 5 hours.
Interviews with directors of area cultural centers in
Peoria, Illinois; Rochester, Minnesota; St. Paul, Minnesota;
and Waterloo, Iowa. Also included is an excerpt from the
annual meeting in 1979 which contains a speech by Don Shank,
vice president and general manager of the D.M.&I.R.
Railroad, regarding Junior League of Duluth. S2352.
SUBJECTS: Cultural centers, activities;
1979. 2.5 ft.
Correspondence, bylaws, board and committee minutes,
publicity materials, newsclippings, tax and legal papers,
and papers regarding the construction of the performing arts
building. The Center began as the Area Cultural Center in
1969 and changed to its present name in 1974. It currently
serves as a cultural center shared by eight Duluth museums,
art and cultural organizations in a refurbished train depot
in Duluth. S2352.
SUBJECTS: Cultural centers, activities;
This collection contains minutes, committee and special
programs files, financial and administrative records, taped
annual meeting addresses, and films. The SLCHS is the
largest and one of the oldest (1922) county based
historical societies in Minnesota. It maintains offices
and a museum in the St. Louis County Heritage and Arts
Center, Duluth, owns and operates the Eli Wirtanen Finnish
Farmstead, provides an active program of tours, lectures,
historic sites, and with the University of Minnesota jointly
operates the Northeast Minnesota Historical Center. S2250.
RESTRICTED IN PART. Patron must have written permission of
the director of the SLCHS.
SUBJECTS: Eli Wirtanen Finnish Farmstead, operations; Films:
1965. 2.5 in.
Articles of incorporation, newsclippings, executive
minutes, and a play written by the society. The society was
formed in 1892 to prevent and punish cruelty especially to
children and animals. Soon after 1919 it shifted most of
its efforts towards the welfare of children. S3064.
SUBJECTS: Children: welfare;
1919-1933. 3.5 in.
Three record books of board minutes and a list of bills. The
school was established to house and care for girls and women
convicted of any violation that could require a sentence of
confinement in a jail. The school trained the girls in all
branches of domestic science. S3695.
SUBJECTS: Children: delinquent; Crime: punishment; Education:
Records, 1935-1950. 1.5 ft.
Correspondence, minutes, scrapbooks, financial records, and
reference materials. The Duluth Maternal Health Center
began in 1935 to inform and educate the public about birth
control, give contraceptive advice to married women, and to
promote the sterilization of the insane. In 1940 it changed
to the League for Planned Parenthood and maintained a
clinic, held seminars, and provided other public information
activities. It disbanded in 1950. S3012.
SUBJECTS: Birth Control, organizations; Duluth Maternal Health
ca. 1976-1979. 6 in.
Correspondence, bylaws, agenda and minutes, application for
charter, financial reports, and miscellaneous items. The
association was formed to make its members more proficient
in their work. S2363.
1970. 38.3 ft.
Correspondence between the department and individuals, and
general administrative records which include committee
reports, minutes, and policy manuals. Originally the St.
Louis County Poor Commission, it administered relief to the
poor. In 1937 it was renamed the St. Louis County Welfare
Board. The Board administers relief to the poor through the
Social Service Department of Duluth with district offices in
Hibbing and Virginia, Minnesota. Inventory available.
RESTRICTED. Access restricted until Dec. 31, 1990.
Printed maps showing subdivisions of the City of Duluth.
Index included. S2305.
SUBJECTS: Duluth: maps;
Administrative, financial and agricultural production
records. Included are minutes, reports, committment
registers, and blueprints. The Work Farm was a minimum
security detention facility, replaced by the Northeast
Regional Corrections Center in 1972, with an emphasis on
rehabilitation of prisoners. Inventory available. S2313.
SUBJECTS: Agriculture: Produce; Architecture: drawings;
Crime: correctional facilities;
Annual reports, newsclippings, pamphlets, and four
photographs. St. Luke's Hospital was founded in 1882
through the efforts of St. Paul's Episcopal Church and Rev.
Charles A. Cummings. The hospital has undergone several
building constructions and is presently located at 915 East
lst Street, Duluth. S3067.
SUBJECTS: Commings, Rev. Charles A., founds hospital; Episcopal
1895. 2 in.
The Lake Superior and Mississippi Railroad established the
first rail service between Duluth and St. Paul in 1870. In
1876 it became the St. Paul and Duluth Railroad. Included
are a list of subscribers of the proposed line, time
schedules, passes, stock certificates, and correspondence.
1959. 0.5 in.
This committee was formed in 1951 soon after this hospital
for the mentally ill was established in the former federal
prison in Sandstone, Minnesota. Its purpose was to provide
services to the patients. Included are minutes, membership
lists, newsclippings, awards, treasury reports, and
Correspondence, newsclippings, photographs, and one
scrapbook. Sargent served as surveyor general of the
Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Iowa District. He was a Duluth
resident who established the first banking house in Duluth.
SUBJECTS: Banks and banking: established;
Correspondence, membership lists, record of speakers, and
financial materials. The club was formed to provide
educational and social benefits to its members as well as
contribute to education, culture and goodwill in Duluth.
SUBJECTS: Education: organizations;
Correspondence, minutes, articles of incorporation,
newsletters, and exhibits for the legal case against Reserve
Mining Company. The SLSA was an environmental organization
with the purpose of educating people of the need to prevent
pollution of Lake Superior. It was also involved in the
legal case against Reserve Mining Company concerning Reserve
dumping taconite tailings into Lake Superior. Inventory
SUBJECTS: Environment: taconite issue;
1860-1984. 3.75 ft.
Letters, diaries, memory books, photographs, and albums of
the Sawyer, Bennett, and Eaton families. The Sawyer family
lived in New Market, New Hampshire, Minneapolis, Minnesota
and Nebraska. The papers trace the families through four
generations. The most complete set of letters was written
by Charles Lincoln Sawyer. S3767.
SUBJECTS: Bennett family, papers; Eaton family, papers;
Business letters, club memberships, public office materials,
condolences, warranty deeds and bills. Sax was an active
citizen of Eveleth, Minnesota, who worked to promote
forestry, better farming practices, and improved roads. He
was involved in real estate and lumbering operations.
Correspondence, minutes, incorporation papers, financial
statements, membership lists, committee reports,
newsclippings and two scrapbooks. The club is designed to
enable women to develop themselves. Training was given in
voice, speech organization, and delivery. S2436.
SUBJECTS: Education: self help groups;
Correspondence, photographs, and one scrapbook with
newsclippings. Schaller was appointed sponsor of the
christening of the battleship Minnesota by Gov. Johnson in
1905. She remained active in her concern for the U.S.S.
Minnesota which included lobbying for funds in the state
legislature for staff comforts and supplies. She married
Wilbur B. Joyce in 1912. S3137.
Seven photographs made by the Eclipse View Company of Duluth
showing Washington, old Central High, exterior views with
students and teachers, and one print of an interior view of
Endion Annex. S3761.
SUBJECTS: Eclipse View Co., Duluth, studio; Education: school
Thirty-five photographs showing Duluth elementary and high
school students participating in various school activities.
The photographs were found in the basement of the Duluth
Area Vocational Technical Institute and are unidentified.
SUBJECTS: Education: school photographs;
Eight photographs are of scrapbook pages kept by Schultz, a
former Duluthian, and three of groups of identified people
including Schultz. S2241.
Research files on the Lyceum Theater of Duluth are
exclusively photocopied newsclippings from 1901 to 1920.
Schultz came to the University of Minnesota, Duluth, to
teach theater and wrote his dissertation on the subject of
the Lyceum Theater. A copy of his dissertation is included.
Records of a St. Louis County lumber business. Records
prior to 1890 are from the Scott-Holston Lumber Co., Duluth,
which merged with Graff, Murray & Co., Duluth. Included are
catalogs (1895-1920); ledgers (1882-1922), monthly records
of sales, purchases, and rebates (1897-1898), monthly
payrolls (1895-1899), sales journals (1890-1892), general
journals (1880-1901), inventories (1890-1895), insurance
appraisals of company property (1915-1956), safety records
(1953-1967), photographs; stock certificates; and
correspondence and memorabilia relating to a dinner honoring
company personnel for their work during World War II.
Inventory available. S2258.
SUBJECTS: Catalogs: retail lumber;
One scrapbook compiled by Roy E. Rose showing the activities
of Cub Scout Pack Number 9 of Washburn Elementary School of
Duluth. Included are photographs and newsclippings. S3762.
SUBJECTS: Boy Scouts of America, Cub Scout Pack; Children:
organizations; Children's Home Society, Duluth, records;
Created in 1955 by the state legislature, the Seaway Port
Authority is charged with promoting the general welfare of
the port district, to increase the volume of commerce
through the port, and to regulate the safe and economical
handling of such commerce. It is governed by a seven member
board of commissioners. The SPA oversees the Clure Public
Port Terminal, Harbor Park and Airpark Industrial Park sites
in the Duluth area. It also serves as the industrial
development agent for the city of Duluth. Since the opening
of the St. Lawrence Seaway in 1959, the Port of Duluth-
Superior has consistently ranked in the top ten ports in the
U.S. on the basis of total tonnage. Collection includes
board minutes, annual reports, administrative
correspondence, subject files and development proposals.
Inventory available. S2348.
SUBJECTS: Cities: planning; Duluth Port Authority;
1887-1914. 2 in.
One journal containing financial information, articles of
incorporation, and minutes. The financial information seems
to concern the Western Land and Loan Company. The Security
Investment Company was incorporated by Herbert W. Coffin,
Isaac H. Coffin, and Amos L. Warner in 1891. S3079.
SUBJECTS: Coffin, Herbert W., investments; Coffin, Isaac H.,
One letter from Seip to L.A. Larsen dealing with the
Merritt-Rockefeller dispute. Seip was a Duluth lawyer,
businessman, and county attorney. S2330.
Drafts of three separate sermons which apparently were
delivered in Duluth and Superior. All three sermons appear
to have the same author. S2428.
Typescript paper entitled, "Presentation to Lutheran
Brotherhood, Superior, Wisconsin." It deals with Shank's
views on the influence of geography and politics on the Twin
Ports (Duluth and Superior) communities and how the location
of the first railroad had a decisive impact on the growth of
the two cities. Manuscript also contains a list of slides
used in the presentation. S2336.
SUBJECTS: Duluth: growth;
Typescript paper entitled, "A Railroad in Change." It is a
transcript of a slide lecture which describes the history of
the Duluth Missabe & Iron Range Railroad and the role it
played in the development of the Vermilion and Mesabi
Ranges. The talk was presented as a case study on railroads
during the Institute on Railroads at the University of
Wisconsin, Superior. S2340.
SUBJECTS: Duluth, Missabe, and Iron Range Railroad: history;
One letter written in St. Paul concerning a trip on the
Minnesota River with some Indian passengers and a white girl
who had been ransomed prisoner to the Indians. Sheffer
lived in St. Paul and worked on a steamboat on the Minnesota
SUBJECTS: Children: captured by Indians;
The Shenango Furnace Company operated the Shenango Mine,
located near Chisholm in St. Louis County. Included are the
deed of trust to the Pittsburgh Trust Co., describing the
company's property, eight photographs of the Shenango Mine
and surrounding area, and a complaint filed against the
company by Mary E. Cahill, an owner of the land on which the
mine was located. The complaint concerns the company's ore
royalty payments. S2236.
SUBJECTS: Cahill, Mary E., land;
Ten photographs of Siegel and his Duluth pawn shop, the
Keystone Loan, and two newspaper articles concerning the
shop and its history. S2238.
Simonds was one of seven parties who incorporated the West
Duluth Land Company in 1887 serving as general manager.
Included is one resolution and newsclippings which cover
such topics as lumber, mining, new water power plan,
politics, growth of West Duluth, and schools. Inventory
SUBJECTS: Education: schools;
Sixty photographs of the Babbitt, Minnesota town and the
Sinter Plant of the Mesabi Iron Company. The village of
Babbitt began to grow in 1920 when the Mesabi Iron Company
built its plant there. Babbitt was a "one company town
because MIC held title to all surrounding land." One group
of photographs was taken June 6, 1920 by W.G. Sevant. One
photograph of the Sinter Plant employees is dated April
1921. Also included are one newsclipping and two hand drawn
SUBJECTS: Babbitt: photographs;
Three letters addressed to Smith from his enlisted men.
They all ask Smith to verify certain facts concerning their
enlistment. Smith was in the U.S. Navy from 1903 to 1916
and earned the rank of lieutenant. S2435.
Letters to Smith from a friend, Antoine, in Alaska, and
sketches. Smith came to Superior, Wisconsin in 1856. He
established a pharmacy there and was later a member of the
board of education. S3608.
SUBJECTS: Art and artists: sketches;
Photographs taken by Smith showing some scenes and buildings
of early Duluth. S3143.
SUBJECTS: Duluth: photographs;
1926-1966. 5 in.
Correspondence, minutes, bylaws, financial material, and
other reference materials. This was a patriotic
organization whose membership was limited to those men who
could trace their lineage to American participants in the
Revolutionary War. S3108.
Blueprints of the depot building, photographs, and
newsclippings. The Soo Line depot was build at 6th Avenue
West and Superior Street, Duluth, in 1910. The architects
were Bell, Tyrie and Chapman of Minneapolis. The Minnesota
Highway Department bought the depot in 1966 after passenger
service had been discontinued. The City of Duluth purchased
the depot in 1969, razed it and sold the land to a developer
in 1972. S3086.
SUBJECTS: Architecture: depots; Bell, Tyrie, and Chapman,
This association was organized in 1965 to administer
municipal park rennovation monies in Soudan, St. Louis
The Spalding Hotel was built in 1889 and was considered to
be one of Duluth's finest. Construction was financed
through the Spalding House Company directed by William W.
Spalding, Andreas M. Miller, Fred W. McKinney and Luther
Mendenhall. The hotel was designed by J.J. Egan of Chicago
and was eventually bought by the Jed L. Washburn estate in
1905 and sold to the Duluth Housing and Redevelopment
Authority in 1963 to be demolished. Included are minutes,
stock journals, a day book, brochures, menus, newsclippings
and photographs. S3083.
SUBJECTS: Egan, J. J., architect;
Spalding came from Pennsylvania to the Lake Superior area in
1844 in search of copper. He moved to Duluth in 1869 and
served as a Duluth alderman, president of the Chamber of
Commerce, secretary of the Duluth Board of Trade and
receiver of the U.S. Land Office. He was also the president
of the Spalding Hotel Company. Included are two business
letters, a travel journal and life history, and
The annual financial statement of this company which opened
near the mouth of the Split Rock River. It absorbed the
assets of the Split Rock Northern Railway Company as well as
those of the Split Rock Improvement and Boom Company.
1909. 2 in.
This company operated in Duluth selling cement and other
products. Collection consists of a transcript of a civil
court case between the company and Edward C. Leidel, Henry
A. Leidel, and Marion Douglas. The litigation grew out of
an accident which occurred at Standard's warehouse which was
rented from the Leidels. S3697.
SUBJECTS: Construction industry: materials; Douglas, Marion,
1928-1931. 4 items.
Annual reports giving objectives, staff, and statistics.
This organization operated under the State Department for
the Blind, Children's Bureau, Board of Control and the St.
Louis County Board of Commissioners. It operated in St.
Louis, Carlton, Itasca, Cook, and Lake counties. S3668.
SUBJECTS: Children: handicapped;
Ship's log book noting route, time, and weather conditions
of the 18 voyages of the steamer Winyah, a freighter that
served commercial fishermen along the north shore of Lake
Superior and Isle Royale. Also included is a pamphlet of
regulations concerning the Duluth-Superior Harbor. S3084.
SUBJECTS: Duluth: harbor;
Personal letters, a speech, his will, a list of his property
(1893), military appointment certificates, various documents
relating to the practice of law, and certificates relating
to the U.S. Supreme Court and the regents of Michigan State
University. Stearns held a law degree from the University
of Michigan, served in the Union Army, (1862-65), and was a
state senator (1871) from Olmsted County in Minnesota. He
came to Duluth in 1872 and held the eleventh district
judgeship for twenty years. He died in California and is
buried in Duluth. S3606.
SUBJECTS: Civil War: veterans;
Ten photographs of Burntside Lake Indians, their homes,
canoes, children, and a woman working on a basket;
photographs of the lake, islands, and Pattison Lodge.
Burntside Lake is near Ely, Minnesota. S3734.
SUBJECTS: Burntside Lake, St. Louis County, photographs;
Canoeing: photographs; Children: Indian;
Correspondence, articles and newsclippings, drawings and
photographs, and legal documents concerning patents.
Stevens was a Duluth patent attorney and naturalist. He
maintained a bird sanctuary at his Fond du Lac home known as
" Balm o'Gilead." S3091.
SUBJECTS: Art and artists: drawings; Birds: sanctuaries;
Clara Stocker, daughter of Stella P. Stocker, was a Duluth
musician who studied under Maurice Jacquet in New York and
at the University of Grenoble, the Sorbonne, and Columbia
University. She wrote music reviews and critiques for
Duluth newspapers, and published articles on Finnish
folklore. She also composed music, some of which was
published. Included are articles written by Stocker, and
SUBJECTS: Duluth: newspapers; Finns, folklore; Folklore,
Stella Prince Stocker was a Duluth musician and founder of
the Duluth Cecilian Chorale Society. She composed a number
of vocal and instrumental pieces, including the pageant,
" Sieur DuLhut." She was also an authority on American
Indian culture, and corresponded with Frances Densmore.
Included are articles and music written by Stocker,
photographs, newsclippings, two scrapbooks, and two diaries.
The photograph album depicts Indians and corresponds to the
1916-17 diaries of trips onto Minnesota reservations.
There is also one letter from Densmore. S3089.
SUBJECTS: Cecilian Chorale Society, Duluth: founded; Densmore,
Frances, letter; Du Lhut, Daniel Greysolon: pageant;
The company was started in 1872 by William R. Stone. It
later became Stone & Ordean Company when Albert A. Ordean
joined. In 1896 the company absorbed Wells-Stone Co. to
become Stone-Ordean-Wells Company. They dealt in wholesale
groceries from their waterfront location in Duluth.
Included are business letters, a bank note, and one bond.
1875-1880. 1 in.
A Duluth resident, Strickler graduated from the Duluth High
School's first class in 1879, and was later appointed
assistant principal of the Duluth High School. The album
contains the signatures of numerous friends and
SUBJECTS: Autograph Album;
Stuntz, a brother of George R. Stuntz, was an early settler
of the Duluth-Superior area who worked as a surveyor.
Included are a school bond and a survey report. S3610.
SUBJECTS: Education: school bond;
items, 45 pages.
Stuntz came to the Duluth-Superior area as a government
surveyor in 1852. He set up a trading post on Minnesota
Point and worked to open the Vermilion Range. Included are
28 items pertaining to the Vermilion Road construction, 3
additional items relate to other survey sites. Receipts,
reports, letters, petitions, surveys, and diploma. S3609.
1864-1881. 0.5 in.
The Superior Gazette was a paper published by Richard Relf.
Reports, 1982-1984. 3 vol.
Three annual reports from 1982, 1983, and 1984. S3769.
SUBJECTS: Forests: resource management;
This company, a partnership of Saginaw, Michigan,
individuals, was formed in 1892 to log certain northern
Minnesota lands on a contract basis. These lands had been
sold to the Pine Tree Lumber Company by the Swan River
Logging Company. The corporation was acquired by the Great
Northern Railway in 1899. Consists of one journal of
expense account information. S3101.
Swanstrom came from Sweden to Duluth in the 1850s. He
served in the state legislature and state senate. He also
held many county offices and was receiver of the U.S. Land
Office. He settled in Oneota and worked to develop this
western area of Duluth, which earned him the title of
" Father of the West End." Included are correspondence and
SUBJECTS: Duluth: growth;
Working papers of Mrs. David Lamont, administrative and
research director of the Commerce and Economic Development
Committee and the Financial Institutions and Insurance
Committee of the Minnesota House of Representatives.
Correspondence, research papers, press releases, memos,
campaign materials, and information on governmental
processes. Inventory available. S2356.
SUBJECTS: Elections: campaigns;
Four account books from Swendson's retail store, the Market
Grocery, in Duluth. S3004.
Taylor was chief assistant engineer for the U.S. district
engineer's office in Duluth from 1893 to 1928. The
notebooks contain sketches, surveys, and other engineering
SUBJECTS: Art and artists: sketches; Engineers: projects;
Paper entitled "Commercial Fishing on the North Shore"
written by Telander as an undergraduate at the University of
Minnesota, Duluth. The paper is based on oral history
interviews with Lake Superior fishermen. S2215.
SUBJECTS: Fishing: commercial;
Telford was the local chairman of the Military Training
Camps Association, acting assistant recruiting agent for the
Officers Training Camps and was civilian aide to the
adjutant general during World War I. Included is
correspondence concerning his work in these areas. S3604.
Minutes, bylaws, and financial records of the merger of two
Duluth congregations, Temple Emanuel and Tifereth Israel, in
RESTRICTED. Until April 26, 2000, patron must receive
written permission from board president of Temple Israel.
Frank Tenney formed the Tenney Company, a grain commission
firm. He was chairman of the Duluth Branch of the American
Red Cross, and he received several medals from his service
in World War I. Included are items from his father
William's scrapbook and correspondence and certificates of
Frank C. S3603.
SUBJECTS: American Red Cross: Leaders;
Color 8mm film, 30 minutes long. The film shows various
scenes around Duluth during the different seasons. It shows
the St. Louis River, the Aerial Bridge, and the streetcar
line operating on its last day of service in 1939. S3022.
SUBJECTS: Bridges: lift; Duluth: scenes filmed; Films: Duluth
scenes; "Four Seasons," film;
An assortment of theater, opera, and movie theater programs
and circulars removed from the clippings files of the St.
Louis County Historical Society. S3714. See related
collections 317 and 383.
Thompson was Superintendent of the University of Minnesota's
Northeast Agricultural Experiment Station at Duluth for 40
years. He had a weekly column in the Stock and Dairy Farmer
and the Cooperative Builder, along with a weekly radio
program. Included are correspondence, newsclippings, and
eight scrapbooks. S3107.
Thurston is believed to have resided in Duluth from 1902 to
1905. He was an engine crew member on the Northern Pacific
Railway Co. He moved to Alaska in 1906. The photographs
are of his family life: home interiors, Christmas, Lincoln
Park, buildings, boats, and various family members. Dr.
Theodora Bahr, a Duluth chiropodist, is in some of the
SUBJECTS: Bahr, Dr. Theodora, photographs; Boats and boating:
photographs; Christmas: photographs;
1960. 3.75 ft.
Tilderquist's family settled in Vasa, Goodhue County,
Minnesota, after immigrating from Sweden. They were active
in local Swedish religious activities and community affairs.
Included is correspondence written by four of Peter
Tilderquist's children: Alice Minnie Gibson, Eva
Tilderquist, Anna Lavinia Anderson, and David Tilderquist.
David moved to Duluth in 1904, followed by four of David's
sisters. Inventory available. S2251.
SUBJECTS: Anderson, Anna Lavinia, letters;
This collection contains nine tintypes of three sizes: one
is 4x5.5, one is a "gem", and the remaining seven are
2.5x3.5 inches. All are unidentified portrait photographs.
Three letters, one to Capt. Flynn from Tower and two to
Tower who came to Duluth to oversee his father's iron
properties in the Soudan area. He was president of the
Duluth and Iron Range Railroad and the director of the
Minnesota Iron Company. He left Duluth in 1887 and later
served as ambassador to Russia, Austria, and Germany.
One film of the dedication of a monument commemorating the
first iron ore shipment in the state, which was shipped from
Soudan in 1884. This monument is located near the Soudan
SUBJECTS: Films: monument dedication;
One volume of the Township of Meadowlands birth and death
records. The births are from October 2, 1904 to October 22,
1948. The deaths are from March l5, 1910 to February 28,
1953. S3743. RESTRICTED.
Robert Chalmers Mitchell began the Duluth Tribune in 1870
after he had moved his newspaper activities from Superior to
Duluth. The Tribune Printing Company published the Tribune
until 1889 and Mitchell was its president. Consists of six
financial ledgers of accounts, daily cash receipts, and
jobs. See related collection 347. S3028.
SUBJECTS: Duluth Tribune, publisher;
Trinity Cathedral was erected in 1906 to house an
Episcopalian parish. It was sold in 1955 to the Mt. Olive
Lutheran Church. Included are memorabilia, minutes,
photographs, publications, annual reports, and
SUBJECTS: Episcopal church: cathedral
Truelsen served in Duluth as alderman, sheriff, and public
works commissioner. In 1896 he was elected mayor during the
famous clean water concern of the middle 1890s. Included
are correspondence and newsclippings. S3151.
Tupper came to Duluth from Nova Scotia. He worked in the
paper, stationary, and notion business until 1924, and then
with the clerk of district court. He was a member of the
Tupper Family Association whose members traced their family
line back to Thomas Tupper who came to Sandwich,
Massachusetts, in 1635. Included are articles on the Tupper
Family Association, reunion notices, correspondence, and
Tupper's own life history. S3601.
Records of a St. Louis County women's philanthropic
organization affiliated with the Minnesota Federation of
Women's Clubs. Included are minutes and a scrapbook of
The center was established to provide therapy and support
services to women and men and to establish education
programs and public discussion concerning the changing roles
of women. Included are minutes, correspondence, financial
records, membership files, personnel records, publicity, and
Address entitled, "Furs, Faith, and Faraway Places," which
dealt with the development of the Lake Superior portion of
the fur trade and the interrelations between trapper and
trader and Indian and French. Presented at the conference,
" A Rendezvous With History." S2349.
BACK TO TOP
One booklet from this Duluth company explaining how their
air conditioning worked and how it was installed and
SUBJECTS: Air Conditioning, company;
Minutes of stockholders' and board of directors' meetings of
this Duluth company located at 51st Avenue West and
Roosevelt Street. It was sold in 1923 to the Federal Match
Corporation of Delaware. S3082.
1948. 3 in.
This church was created when the First Christian Church and
the First Baptist Church merged in 1929. Included are
newsclippings, minutes, photographs, a building fund ledger,
and a record book of members, marriages, and deaths. S3062.
SUBJECTS: Baptist church, congregations; Christian church,
congregation; First Baptist Church, Duluth, merger;
First Christian Church, Duluth, merger;
1978. 1.25 ft.
This Duluth area environmental organization grew in
membership in the mid-1970s when it became known that the
Reserve Mining Company was dumping asbestos-like fibers into
Lake Superior. Included are correspondence, publications
and reports dealing with the Reserve Mining controversy, and
information on the UCCWA. S2372.
SUBJECTS: Environment: taconite issue;
Scrapbooks, government reports, newspaper clippings, and
study files of this northern Minnesota conservation
SUBJECTS: Conservation, organizations
Information on the USO in Duluth including correspondence,
newsclippings, photographs, annual reports, minutes,
pamphlets, and insurance policies. S3135.
The auxiliary was formed to promote and publicize issues of
concern to the veterans of the Spanish-American War.
Included are correspondence, minutes, reports of
conventions, an account book, and scrapbooks which contain
photographs, newsclippings, and memorabilia. S3019.
NUMBER 6. Records, 1908-1960. 6 in.
Promoted issues of concern to veterans of the Spanish-
American War. Included are minutes, financial records,
correspondence, applications for membership, and
miscellaneous materials pertaining to the camp's activities.
NUMBER 3. Records, 1909-1967. 3.75 ft.
This women's auxiliary was formed to promote issues of
concern to veterans of the Spanish-American War. Included
are reports, minutes, ledgers, correspondence, receipts, and
A list of the members of the Thirteenth Division, divided
into brigades, regiments, and platoons. They include troops
from Minnesota, Iowa, Nebraska, and South Dakota. S3649.
1871. 2 items.
The Duluth ship canal was dug through Minnesota Point in
1870 to benefit the Duluth harbor. The City of Superior,
fearing that the canal would change the flow of water
through their ship entry, brought suit against Duluth to
halt the construction. This collection contains two Circuit
Court of the United States Bills of Complaint against the
City of Duluth. S3667.
SUBJECTS: Courts: records; Duluth: canal;
Correspondence, congressional reports and acts affecting the
Duluth area, City of Duluth resolutions, project reports,
employeee information, newsclippings, transcripts on harbor
activities, and a scrapbook. Inventory available. S3176.
SUBJECTS: Duluth: engineering work; Engineers: projects;
Records, 1857-1873. 1 vol.
U.S. public lands in northeast Minnesota were originally
sold in Buchanan, a townsite located on the shore of Lake
Superior near the mouth of the Knife River. The U.S.
District General Land Office was moved to Portland in 1859.
Portland later became a part of the city of Duluth.
Includes outgoing correspondence from the Buchanan, Portland
and Duluth land offices. S3707.
SUBJECTS: Buchanan, land office; Duluth: land office;
Highway 61 runs between Duluth and Thunder Bay, Ontario.
The stretch of road between the Reservation River and Pigeon
River originally ran several miles inland. The road was
relocated along the shore which provided a more direct path.
Included are notes and correspondence concerning the
Enlistment record of sailors who enlisted in Duluth. It
shows pertinent information about the enlistment as well as
a rating of sailors' professional qualifications and
This division began in Duluth in 1956 and produced concrete
pipe, building and pavement fabric made of wire mesh.
Included are descriptions of the new plant, a news release,
one tour folder, and two booklets (with photographs) on the
Duluth plant. S3641.
SUBJECTS: Construction industry: materials;
Correspondence concerning regulations and invoices. S3679.
1975. 2 ft.
The system of charitable agencies soliciting funds under one
organization began with the Associated Charities of Duluth
in 1893. In 1948 it became the Community Chest. In 1962 it
changed its name to the United Fund, which then became the
United Way in 1971. Included are annual reports,
newsclippings, newsletters, promotional materials, and
working papers. Also included are correspondence,
demographic data on the Duluth area, and a study
investigating the possibility for increased cooperation
among the three sheltered workshops in Duluth--Duluth
Lighthouse for the Blind, Goodwill Industries, and Duluth
Sheltered Workshop. Inventory available. S3066.
SUBJECTS: Associated Charities of Duluth, records; Commumity
Chest, records; Duluth Lighthouse for the Blind;
Duluth Sheltered Workshop: funding;
Records, 1975-1979. 0.5 ft.
This organization began with the formation of several block
clubs in 1974, after a neighborhood needs survey was
conducted by students of UMD's School of Social Development.
The block clubs incorporated under the name United West End
and addressed various community issues such as drug abuse,
physical deterioration of the neighborhood, and housing
problems. Included are agenda and minutes, correspondence,
newsclippings, circulars, reports, and newsletters. S2273.
RESTRICTED. Until Jan. 1, 1990, patron must request access
from the director of UWE-COACT.
SUBJECTS: Cities: Urban Renewal; Duluth: community issues;
Four bulletins from this Duluth company explaining the need
for air filters, how they work, and where they have been
.i.Air Filters, companies;
The Upper Cuyuna Land Company operated out of Minneapolis
with George Roberts as president. It was involved in buying
lands containing iron ore on the Cuyuna Range. Included is
correspondence concerning the company's lease, lands,
exploration, and the health of Mr. Roberts. S3659.
SUBJECTS: Cuyuna Iron Range: lands;
Unpublished manuscript entitled, "A Brief History of the
Early Years in West Duluth." It covers the time from about
1855 to 1859. The talk was given to the St. Louis County
Historical Society in 1978. S2329.
1867. 1 item.
A stock certificate for one share issued to William P.
SUBJECTS: Farrilt, William P., inventment;
450 ft. of 16mm, black and white, silent film of a mining
inspection trip and tour conducted by U. S. Steel and Ford,
Bacon and Davis, Inc. Included are scenes of Morgan Park in
Duluth, the Kitchi Gammi Club, Two Harbors, the Vermilion
Range, Hibbing, and the Duluth ore docks. Inventory of
subtitles used is available. S3026.
SUBJECTS: Docks: film; Films: of mining; Films: Duluth
Newsclippings compiled by the staff of the Voyageurs
National Park pertaining to the park and park related issues
such as hunting, fishing, and boundaries. Inventory
SUBJECTS: Fishing: in parks;
BACK TO TOP
1944-1945. 1 vol.
This was a company team organized to play against other
company teams in the Duluth Senior Basketball League.
Consists of one scrapbook of newsclippings, correspondence,
and membership lists. The two teams of the Walter Butler
Company were called Riverside Butler and Superior Butler.
There are nine company teams noted in the newsclippings.
SUBJECTS: Basketball, teams; Duluth Senior Basketball League,
Five letters to Warner from her mother, S.F. Stewart.
Watts lived in Duluth, and worked for the U.S. engineer's
office. He received six patents on his inventions and
started the Ship Draft Register Company in Duluth. Included
is material on Watts's inventions: patents, photographs,
articles, diagrams, and testimonials. Also included are
photographs of the 3rd Infantry, Minnesota National Guard.
SUBJECTS: Engineers: inventions;
1980. 2 hrs.
Three interviews dealing with union organizing activities,
factory working conditions, labor politics, and the
experiences of a Croatian immigrant in northern Minnesota.
Interviewed were Earl Bester, Nick Borovack, and Joe Paszak.
SUBJECTS: Bester, Earl, labor leader; Borovack, Nick, labor
leader; Croatian, immigrants;
Major Weaver of the Minnesota Home Guard was the officer in
charge of the Duluth Military District during the Duluth
forest fire of 1918. Included are newsclippings and reports
about the fire. S3144.
SUBJECTS: Duluth: fire; Fires: forest; Forests: fires;
This open collection contains records of the Duluth chapter
and its sub-chapters: The Luncheon Club, the Tuesday and
Wednesday Groups. Included are minutes, correspondence,
constitution and bylaws, financial records, yearbooks,
membership lists, and newsclippings. The club is a social,
patriotic and civic organization for new residents in Duluth
and undertakes at least one charitable project each year.
Papers include information on Wells's 1956 campaign for the
Minnesota legislature district 57, St. Louis County,
materials relating to her position as assistant postmaster
of Duluth (1963-1965), and her work with the Arrowhead
Council on the Status of Women (1961-1966). Also includes a
speech given as vice-president of the Voyageurs National
Park Assn. S2246. See related collection 583.
SUBJECTS: Arrowhead Council on the Status of Women, activities;
Duluth: postmasters; .i.Elections: campaigns;
Originally known as the West Duluth Businessmen's
Association, it became the West Duluth Commercial Club in
1902 under the guidance of Hansen Evesmith, Lucien A.
Barnes, William B. Mallough, George Cruikshank, and Emil J.
Zauf. The club was instrumental in attracting business to
West Duluth. It disbanded around 1937. Included are
minutes, a membership dues ledger, correspondence, a book of
banquets, and newsclippings. S3008.
SUBJECTS: Barnes, Lucien A., civic leader; Cruikshank, George,
civic leader; Evesmith, Hansen, civic leader;
Minutes of a Duluth social club formerly located at 1909
West Superior Street. The club also owned a meeting hall on
the Cloquet River. S3053.
1981. 1.25 ft.
Minutes, reports, and policy statements of this organization
formed in accordance with the provisions of the Act
Providing for the Creation of a Sanitary Sewer Board (S.F.
1294, Ch. 478). Inventory available. S2287.
Wetka immigrated from Russia to the United States and joined
the U.S. Army in Missouri. He worked on Great Lakes
freighters. Included are a naturalization certificate, army
enlistment records, and Lake Carrier's Association
membership cards. S3199.
Wheeler, a Duluth native, was elected safety commisssioner
by the city council in 1923. He was active in community,
school, church, and welfare activities. Included are
newsclippings concerning several community issues. S3153.
SUBJECTS: Duluth: safety commissioner;
Address entitled, "The Americanization of the Fond du Lac
Fur Trade," which dealt with the transition from British to
American control of the fur trade of Northern Minnesota
following the War of 1812. Presented at the conference, "A
Rendezvous With History." S2349.
SUBJECTS: British: in fur trade; Fond du Lac, post;
One log book of vessels passing through the Duluth canal.
White was the lighthouse keeper in Duluth from 1904 to 1912.
SUBJECTS: Duluth: canal;
Two letterpress books of Whitely, a Duluth lawyer,
containing business correspondence. S2293.
Unpublished manuscript entitled, "The Mesaba, The Merritts,
and the D.M. & N.," written by Whittaker, an elementary
school teacher. S2268.
SUBJECTS: Duluth, Missabe, and Northern Railroad: built;
1914. 1 vol.
One letterpress book of business correspondence covering
Wieland's years in Beaver Bay as Lake County treasurer, his
association with Wieland Brothers in Duluth, and his realty
Wieland was born in Beaver Bay where his father and uncles
operated a lumber mill. He later taught school in Duluth,
was involved in real estate, and held the office of
president of the St. Louis County Historical Society from
1937 until his death. Included are newsclippings,
correspondence, and several manuscripts. Inventory
Williams was a teacher in Duluth from 1877 to 1879.
Included are a report card, second grade teaching
certificate, two record books for Miss Wilkinson's select
school, compositions by her, and a photograph of Clifford
SUBJECTS: Education: schools;
The collection contains poems by Edith Williams. S3197.
As the final secretary of the Board of Trade of Duluth,
Wilson provided information on the board of trade
collection; explanations of various documents (their use and
significance), and descriptions of the relationship of the
bureaus of the board of trade to the board. See related
collection 45. S2210.
SUBJECTS: Board of Trade, Duluth, activities;
1937-1941. 6 in.
Correspondence, scrapbooks, and music scores. The auxiliary
was set up to aid the war disabled, and to improve the
community as well as individuals. Inventory available.
SUBJECTS: American Legion, auxiliaries; Children: organizations;
1980. 1.5 ft.
The local chapter of the world-wide organization formed to
promote total abstinence and the abolition of liquor
manufacture and sale. Included are the records of the four
Duluth area WCTU branches: Alice/Willard Theyer Union, Anna
Gordon Union, West End Union, and Scandinavian Union.
Includes minutes (1909-15, 1933-80), financial records
(1934-71), print items, newsclippings. Inventory
Nine women discussing their reasons for entering various
professions, including doctor, lawyer, arts administrator,
library director, banker, small business owner, and business
employees. Participants were Vicki L. Anderson, Donna
Creps, June Ellefson, Rita Hutchens, Nancy Josephs, Mary
Mitchell, Pam Rowe, Jan Schroeder, and Shirley Swain. Index
SUBJECTS: Anderson, Vicki L., business; Creps, Donna, business;
Ellefson, June, business;
1979. 33 hrs.
Fifteen women discussing their involvement in politics.
Participants were Lurline Baker, Maureen "Meg" Bye, Donna
Churchill, Diedre Dodge, Mary Evans, Judith Lambert Fisher,
Violet "Vi" Griffiths, Lois Kundel, Arlene Lehto, Julia
Marshall, Maney Pearson, Mary Ryland, Mary Van Evera,
Katherine Watters, and Ingrid Wells. Ten transcribed, 441
SUBJECTS: Baker, Lurline, politics; Bye, Maureen ("Meg"),
politics; Churchill, Donna, politics; Dodge, Diedre,
politics; Evans, Mary, politics; Fisher, Judith
The purpose of the auxiliary was to help promote issues of
concern to disabled veterans and their dependents. Included
are minutes, correspondence, reports, records of
expenditures, publications, and scrapbooks. S2255.
SUBJECTS: Disabled American Veterans, auxiliaries;
This organization was formed to promote civic, cultural, and
social activities in the Duluth area. It was sponsored by
the Duluth Herald & News Tribune newspaper. Included are
records on the artists and performers brought to Duluth:
contracts, correspondence, publicity materials, and
photographs. Also included are meeting minutes, committee
reports, newsclippings, correspondence, invitations,
programs, and three safety scrapbooks. Inventory available.
SUBJECTS: Art and artists: contracts; Duluth News Tribune:
Woodland Hills is a residential treatment center for
troubled youth in Duluth. The collection contains "A Study
of the Feasibility of Establishing a Self Dependent Living
Skills Program," prepared by Burt Galaway. Also included
are related documents, correspondence, and reports. S2341.
SUBJECTS: Children: residnetial homes;
Woolson was the last survivor of the Union Army in the Civil
War. He settled in Duluth and remained there until his
death at the age of 109. He was an active member of the
Grand Army of the Republic. Included are correspondence,
articles, awards, poems and songs, and newsclippings. The
correspondence includes letters from General MacArthur,
President Eisenhower, and Hubert Humphrey. S3018.
SUBJECTS: Civil War: veterans; Eisenhower, Dwight D., letter;
The committee, looking into an extended school year for the
Duluth schools, was appointed by the Duluth School Board.
Included are membership lists, memoranda, study materials
from other communities, and correspondence. S3775.
SUBJECTS: Duluth Public Schools; Education: school year;
Extract from board of education minutes regarding Youmans'
resignation as teacher for the Duluth public schools, and
cover letter from the clerk of the board of education.
SUBJECTS: Duluth Public Schools;
1977. 9 in.
The Duluth Y.M.C.A. was organized in 1882. Julius Barnes
and Ward Ames, Jr. contributed funds to construct a building
in 1916. Norman D. McLeod was the longest standing general
secretary from 1936 to 1948.
Included are newsclippings, photographs, bulletins, articles
of incorporation, meeting reports, plans, instructor's
manual, three scrapbooks, and the Camp Miller Book of
SUBJECTS: Ames, Ward, Jr., civic leader; Barnes, Julius Howland,
The scrapbook contains a list of members and photographs
from the first annual outing in 1911. S2450.
Board of director's minutes, annual meeting records, general
office files (1923-1972), national convention reports,
brochures, pamphlets, general ledger, scrapbooks (1903-
1975), and photographs. Also included are records from the
International Institute (1919-1948). Inventory available.
One booklet of photographs explaining this company's
products. Owned by the Zenith Dredge Company, it produced
all types of concrete construction materials. S3622.
SUBJECTS: Construction industry: materials;
John Rudolph Zweifel and William F. Roleff were master
photographers who operated separate and joint studios
between the years 1899 and the late 1940s. The collection
consists of negatives on safety film and vary in size from 2
1/2x3 1/2 to 4x5 to 5x7. The negatives were apparently made
for the Duluth, Missabe & Iron Range Railroad and the Oliver
Iron Mining Company and cover such subjects as workers, mine
sites, and machinery. There is no inventory for the
approximately 1000 negatives. S3744.
SUBJECTS: Duluth, Missabe, and Iron Range Railroad: photographs;
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