Western Europe

Germans were predominantly the largest of the immigrant groups from the earliest immigrant settlements until the 1970's. The population was then estimated at 125,000 (as opposed to 100,000 Norwegians). Most were Lutherans, bringing with them the Bible in Luther's translation, which, it may be noted, was the first to separate out the Apocryphal books and place them between the Old and New Testaments. They came in to farm and then many turned to skilled crafts. The myth that they settled mostly in the New Ulm area because it reminded them of their home lands, is not actually borne out by the facts.

Speakers of English, French, Spanish, Italian, Welsh and Irish brought with them the Scriptures in their own languages, although there were plenty of translations available in this country for those that brought none. They were, of course, a mix of Catholic and Protestant and were in general fewer in number than those from Scandinavia and Eastern Europe.

It is interesting to note that in recent years there has been a considerable increase in the immigration of Canadians, who generally would be counted among Western Europeans, but that may no longer be the case, as Canada has been more liberal than most countries in its acceptance of refugees from all parts of the world.

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Bible Printed for the Northern Bible Society
Oxford Press, 1944
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French New Testament
British and Foreign Bible Society, 1817
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German Old Testament
Holstein, 1712
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Italian Bible
London, 1821
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