Web Design References
Web Design Glossary: F
bookmark URL, which allows bookmarks in browsers to do
various advanced things.
- Feature Inspection
- Feature inspections analyze only the feature set of a
site, usually given end user scenarios for the end result to
be obtained from the use of the website. For example, a
scenario for the training site would be to register for a
workshop. The features that would be used are navigating to
the workshop site, selecting a class, adding it to their
shopping cart, filling out the registration form, and
pressing the submit button. Each set of features used to
produce the required output (a registration) is analyzed for
its availability, understandability, and general
- Field Observation (Ethnographic Study)
- Field observation is simply observing users at their work
using your website. Observing them in their own environment
may help pinpoint problems that you might not think of in
your own office or even in a testing lab. However, even
though a skilled observer can be subtle, the very nature of
the observation process will likely change the way the user
- File Transfer Protocol (FTP)
- File Transfer Protocol is a method to upload and download
files over the Internet.
- Flash is a multimedia special effects plug-in developed
by Macromedia. For more information
- In Cascading Style Sheets, floated images are removed
from the document flow, and yet affect the layout of content.
Margins on floated elements are not collapsed with anything.
If you float an image, it will behave more or less like in
HTML. The basic rule is that a floated element will go as
high and as far to one side as possible, so long as it
doesn't rise above where it would have been in normal flow,
nor move outside its parent element (but negative margins can
have the usual strange effect)
- Fluid Grids
- The fluid grid concept utilizes relative page element
sizing such as percentages or ems, rather than
absolute units like pixels or points.
- Focus Groups
- Focus groups are formal, structured events where you
directly interact with users, asking them to voice their
opinions and experiences regarding a website.
- Following Element
- In HTML an element A is called a following element of
an element B, if and only if B is a preceding element of
- The font element is obsolete and should not be used.
Instead use markup and style sheets to control the appearance
of text. Relative units such as percent, ems or exs should
define size. Do not use absolute units such as picas, or inches.
- The value used with the em-box to scale a font for
defines the font size to be "the size of the font when set
solid". This means that the height of the font is the distance
from the highest point in the highest glyph to the lowest
point in the lowest glyph.
- Formal Usability
- This evaluation method formalizes the review of a
specification or early prototype. The basic steps are to
assemble a team of four to eight inspectors, assign each a
special role in the context of the inspection, distribute the
design documents to be inspected and instructions, have the
inspectors go off on their own to do their inspection, and
convene later in a formal inspection meeting. Defects found
are assigned to responsible parties to be fixed, and the
- A feature of
allows a web author to divide a page into two or more
separate windows. If the frame does not have a
element, or the
<title> element is not
meaningful this can cause accessibility issues. In addition,
some browsers do not support frames.
- Front Door
- The home page of a website.
- In programming, functions are blocks of code that can be
defined once and then be invoked from their parts of the
program. Typically, a function takes an argument or series of
arguments, performs a predefined set of operations upon them
and returns a resulting value. Functions allow you to write
very modular, structured applications. Code that would
otherwise be repeated often can instead exist in one place
and be invoked (or called) through the rest of your program.