The person has experienced, witnessed, or confronted an event that threatened
serious injury, physical harm, or death.
The person responds with intense fear, helplessness, or horror.
The person experiences recurring and intrusive distressing recollections
of the event, including images, thoughts, or perceptions.
The person experiences distressing dreams of the event.
The person may act or feel as if the traumatic event is reoccurring (a sense
of reliving the experience, illusions, hallucinations, flashbacks).
The person experiences intense psychological distress at exposure to internal
or external cues that symbolize or resemble an aspect of the traumatic event.
The person experiences efforts to avoid thoughts, feelings, or conversations
associated with the trauma.
The person experiences efforts to avoid activities, places, or people that
arouse recollections of the trauma.
The person experiences an inability to recall an important aspect of the
The person experiences a markedly diminished interest or participation in
The person experiences a feeling of detachment or estrangement from others.
The person feels unable to have loving feelings, or other strong feelings.
The person feels a sense of a foreshortened future.
The person has difficulty falling or staying asleep.
The person feels usually irritable or has outbursts of anger.
The person has difficulty concentrating.
The person feels on guard, distrustful of others.
The person avoids being touched, and if touched unexpectedly, has strong
If you are a UMD student and you or someone you know answered "YES"
to 2 or more of the above symptoms, or if you have further questions, please call UMD Counseling for futher assessment
This checklist is based on the description of posttraumatic stress disorder
found in the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), copyright 1994, American